How to Choose a Gun

If you are thinking about buying a gun, you should research as much as you can so you can make an informed decision. There are a lot of choices and this task can seem daunting, especially for first-time gun buyers. This article can help you start thinking about the basic factors to consider when choosing a gun.

What is the Gun’s Purpose?

One of the first things to determine is what you are going to be using your firearm for. Do you need something for home defense? Are you looking to do recreational or competition target shooting? Do you want to use your firearm for hunting? Answering these questions can help you narrow down the style of gun you are looking for.

Caliber and Recoil

Once you have determined what you want to use your gun for, you can start looking at the details. Caliber is a good place to start. In basic terms, caliber is the diameter of the bore (barrel) of the firearm and determines what size bullet that it fires. A gun that has a .22” diameter bore will fire a .22 caliber bullet. The higher the diameter of the bore, the larger caliber it can fire. The larger muzzle increases muzzle velocity and stopping power. A higher caliber weapon also has to be loaded more frequently as the ammunition is larger and not as many cartridges will fit in a magazine.

If you own a gun and plan on using it, it is important that you are able to control it. Higher caliber weapons have stronger recoil or kickback. This kickback or backward movement of the gun happens when a bullet is fired and is caused by the momentum of the bullet leaving the firearm. The larger the bore of the gun, the faster the muzzle velocity, and the stronger you feel the recoil. Additionally, higher caliber guns are often larger in the hand. A smaller caliber gun is easier to control because it has less recoil but it also has less stopping power. Smaller guns are perfect for defensive situations and better for someone who has small hands.

Quality and Maintenance

Purchasing a high-quality firearm can save you trouble down the road. This doesn’t mean that you need the most expensive gun on the market, but you will want to look at manufacturers with a reputation of making accurate and dependable weapons. Your gun store is a great place to start when shopping for any type of handgun. Here you can try a variety of weapons in different price ranges and you have expert salespeople there to answer any questions you may have. Looking at reviews online from reputable websites can also help influence your decision. You want to select a gun that is accurate, reliable, and made from high-quality materials.

You should also consider maintenance when choosing the right gun. If you are looking for a gun with less to maintain then a revolver may be best for you as it has less moving parts than semi-automatic handguns. However, semi-autos can hold more ammunition and fire at a faster rate.

Get Help Choosing a Gun

Testing out different styles and calibers at a shooting range is highly recommended when choosing a handgun. At The Hub, you can try guns you are interested in at our indoor shooting range and get a discount if you choose to purchase after. Our gun professionals are happy to answer any of your questions.

Visit The Hub in Tucson, Lakeside, or online to browse our selection of firearms.

The Parts of a Gun

It’s important to fully understand how a firearm works before operating one. This includes knowing the different parts of a gun. This article specifically goes over the parts of a semi-automatic pistol. Different types of guns vary in composition, so if you are using another variety, it’s important to be aware of its individual parts and their function.

A diagram showing the different parts of a gun

Some of the key parts of a semi-automatic pistol include:


This is the part of the gun that you hold. Various accessories and modifications may make it easier to keep a firm grasp on the gun’s grip. Stippling is one example of this.


The magazine is the part of the firearm that holds cartridges. One mistake that beginners sometimes make is calling this part a clip, which is not actually a part of a gun. Instead, a clip is an accessory that makes it easier to load ammunition into the magazine. While a magazine is essential for the operation of your firearm, a clip is not.

Trigger & Trigger Guard

The trigger is the part of the gun you pull to fire. It is contained within the trigger guard, which is a part of the frame that protects the trigger from being accidentally bumped or squeezed. If you are not actively firing your weapon, you should keep your pointer finger outside of the trigger guard. This is known as trigger discipline.


A gun’s safety is a lever or switch that can be set to “safe.” This prevents accidental discharge of the firearm. There are a few different designs that can be used. Some of the most common are safeties that prevent the trigger from moving and those that disconnect the trigger from the firing mechanism.


The slide is the upper portion of a semi-automatic pistol. It moves back to load rounds into the chamber for firing and also ejects the spent cartridge.

Barrel & Muzzle

The barrel is the metal tube inside of the gun through which a bullet travels. The muzzle is the portion at the end of the barrel where the bullet exits.

Front & Rear Sights

The front and rear sights are on the top of the barrel. You can aim by aligning them.

Gun Accessories

In addition to the parts of a gun, there may be accessories you add onto or use with your firearm. Some examples include holsters, suppressors, and scopes. It’s generally a good idea to fully understand how your gun works on its own before you add any accessories. You should also know how to use any additions safely and effectively.

Purchase Guns, Parts, and Accessories at The Hub

The Hub is your one-stop gun shop and we have a variety of parts and accessories. Whether you are buying your first firearm, building an AR-15, or honing your skills with firearms training, we can help.

Browse our selection of gun parts at either of our stores or online.

Tips for Your First Firing Range Visit

Visiting a firing range allows you to practice your shooting skills and target shooting is helpful for toning muscles like your arms and abs. Besides these benefits, it’s just plain fun. If you’ve never visited a shooting range before, you are likely wondering what to expect. The tips in this article can help you have a fun and safe visit to the firing range.

Ask Questions If You Need To

As a new shooter, you are likely going to have questions and this is completely okay and expected. If you are shooting with a more experienced friend, you should ask them any questions you may have to make sure you fully understand what you should be doing. If you are going to the range alone, you can always ask the Range Safety Officer (RSO). When you arrive, you should let them know that you are a beginner so they are aware of this and can provide you with any assistance you may need. At The Hub, we also have all first-time range visitors watch a safety briefing video that goes over all of the rules in detail.

Protect Your Eyes and Ears

Eye and ear protection are both necessary for a visit to the shooting range. Firearms are loud enough to cause immediate and irreversible damage to your hearing and shooting glasses shield your eyes from any potential hazards. You can either purchase these at our range or bring your own.

Know the Rules of Gun Safety

Safety is essential any time you are handling firearms. If you don’t already know the rules of gun safety, make sure you learn them and keep them in mind at all times.

As a refresher, these are:

  • Treat every gun as though it is loaded, even if you are sure it’s not.
  • Never point the muzzle at anything you are not willing to shoot.
  • Practice trigger discipline by keeping your pointer finger off the trigger and outside of the trigger guard until you are ready to shoot.
  • Know your target and what is beyond it before firing.

Following these rules helps keep you and everyone else who you are sharing the range with safe.

Follow All RSO Instructions

The RSO is there to make sure everyone visiting the range stays safe. It’s important to show them respect and to follow any and all instructions they give you. In addition to putting your safety at risk, failure to do this will result in your immediate removal from the shooting range.

Some commands you may hear from the RSO include:

Cease Fire

This command is fairly straightforward. If you hear the RSO or anyone else say “cease fire,” stop shooting immediately and do not touch your firearm until you hear the RSO give the “all clear” command.

Commence Fire/Range is Hot

The command to commence fire usually comes after a warning that the range is about to go hot. At this point, it is safe to shoot. Always wait to shoot until you have been told it is okay.

Make Safe/Range is Cold

If you hear this command, you should apply your gun’s safety and do not handle your firearm. This is to make the range area safe for anyone entering. You may also hear the phrase “range is cold” which means that no one should be firing or handling their weapons.

Visit Our Indoor Shooting Range

Both of The Hub’s Arizona gun stores have indoor shooting ranges where you can practice firing. We are a welcoming environment for advanced shooters and beginners alike. We also offer rifle and pistol rentals so you can try a new gun and you can get a discount if you choose to purchase that model after using it on the range.

Visit our firing range today in Tucson or Lakeside.

What is Trigger Discipline?

Following the rules of firearm safety is essential for anyone using a gun. These basic actions can help prevent accidents and you should practice them until they become second-nature. One of these rules is trigger discipline, which is keeping your finger off of the trigger until you are ready to shoot. Instead, your pointer/index finger should rest on the side of the frame. Although it seems simple, trigger discipline can take some training to fully ingrain.

What Does Trigger Discipline Look Like?

When you pick up a gun, draw it from a holster, or move it to point at a target, your index finger should rest on the frame. It should not touch the trigger or enter the trigger guard until you have made a decision to shoot.

A man holding a gun with his finger resting on the frame
An example of good trigger discipline

The photo above shows good trigger discipline. The person has their index finger on the frame of the firearm.

A man failing to exercise trigger discipline and holding a gun with this finger on the trigger
An example of what you should not do while holding a firearm 

This photo shows poor trigger discipline. The man’s finger is resting on the trigger, which makes it more likely that he could fire unintentionally.

A man drawing his gun from the holster using trigger discipline
An example of proper trigger discipline when drawing from a holster

This example shows how to properly draw from your holster with safety in mind. Your finger should remain extended at every point as you draw the weapon and aim at the target, up until the moment you decide to pull the trigger.

A man drawing his gun from his holster with his finger on the trigger, an example of unsafe gun handling
An example of unsafe pointer finger placement when drawing from a holster

In the photo above, the man is not practicing trigger discipline. His finger is on the trigger as he removes the gun from the holster.

Why is Trigger Discipline Important?

Some people question the importance of trigger discipline because if you are following the other gun safety rules, you won’t have your muzzle pointed at anything unless you are ready to shoot. However, this line of thinking does not account for the rapidly-changing situations that can occur if you are using your weapon in a real-world tactical environment. For example, if you are using your gun for self-defense, an innocent bystander may move in front of the target. If your finger is in the trigger guard, you are likely going to move it unconsciously and could fire your weapon without meaning to. When your pointer finger is resting on the frame, you have time to make a decision to move it and fire, which requires you to evaluate the situation more carefully.

Why is Trigger Discipline Sometimes Difficult for Beginners?

The concept of trigger discipline seems very simple in theory, but it can be difficult for those who are new to firearms to get the hang of it. This is because the most natural way to hold an object is with all four of your fingers and your thumb wrapped around it. For good trigger discipline, you need to override that impulse and keep the pointer finger extended. The best way to develop this habit is to practice until it is automatic for you to keep your finger out of the trigger guard any time you hold a gun.

Practicing Safe Gun Handling

Dry fire practice can be a great way to reinforce trigger discipline, especially when it comes to drawing from a holster. All you need to do is remove your unloaded gun from the holster, paying attention to your finger position as you do so, and aim at a target. Firearms training can also be beneficial and in this setting, you will have an expert who can alert you if you are putting your index finger in the trigger guard without realizing it.

Gun Safety Training at The Hub

At The Hub, we offer one-on-one training as well as concealed carry weapon (CCW) classes to help you learn more about gun safety. Our Lakeside location offers a variety of other classes and both locations have indoor gun ranges to practice target shooting. In Tucson, our MILO virtual-reality simulator is a great option for improving your decision-making using realistic self-defense scenarios.

The Hub is your source for all things gun-related. Visit us today at either of our Arizona gun stores.

Determining the Quality of 
Gun Parts

If you are a gun enthusiast, you want to make sure that all of your firearms and accessories are of the highest possible quality. It is important that your weapon is built to last and that it fits your specific needs. At some point, you may need to purchase gun parts. This may be for building a custom gun or for gun repairs. Either way, you want to make sure that these parts are durable and that there are no major issues with their manufacturing.

Here is a basic guide to determining quality:

Type of Metal for Gun Parts

When you purchase parts, especially gun barrels, you want to make sure that they are made of a suitable metal. Different metals have different properties, so you can pick the type that best suits the gun that you are building or modifying.

Alloy steels are a common option, as these are cost-effective while also being strong enough for long-term use. Stainless steel is an option that works best for items such as hunting weapons that you use outdoors in potentially variable weather. For more high-end weapons, carbon fiber can create a lightweight and durable firearm.


The next thing to consider is how the gun part was shaped. There are two main methods for this. One is metal injection molded (MIM) and the other is computer numeric controlled (CNC). MIM parts are made in molds from metal powder and polymers, whereas CNC parts are carved from a single piece of metal. Many gun enthusiasts prefer CNC gun parts. As a whole, CNC parts have a reputation for higher quality and craftsmanship.

MIM parts can sometimes cause significant issues for gun functionality, especially if there is a problem with the metal powder or with the mold. Because of these issues, some gun enthusiasts avoid MIM parts whenever possible. However, not all MIM parts are created equal and you can still find parts created through MIM that are well-built. The best way to ensure that you select a quality part is to examine it closely for flaws and to always purchase your items from reputable gun dealers, such as The Hub.

Doing Your Research

Before you purchase any gun parts, one of the best things you can do is to do your research. This can involve looking at forums for gunsmithing, reading about the manufacturing process for different parts, and asking other collectors and gunsmiths what gun parts they have the most success with.

You should also research the gun store where you choose to buy your parts. Buying from a low-quality merchant can have serious consequences for the quality of your custom build or repair. You should find a gun shop that sells only the best gun parts, gun accessories, and firearms.


Gun Parts

From The Hub

If you are looking for high-quality gun parts, look no further than The Hub! We only sell the best and make sure that any part you purchase from our gun store works exactly the way it needs to. Our shop also employs gun experts who will ensure that you have all the knowledge you need to make an informed purchase.

Visit our Tucson gun store today and let us know how we can help you find what you are looking for.

How To Get an Arizona CCW Permit

The State of Arizona respects the right for people to bear arms. At 18 years of age, anyone who legally possesses a firearm may open carry and at 21 you can conceal carry. Although you can carry a concealed weapon without a permit in AZ, there are many reasons to get an Arizona CCW (Concealed Carry Weapon). These include reciprocity in 37 other states, the ability to conceal carry in more locations, and additional legal protection if you ever need to you use your weapon for self-defense.

If you want to earn your CCW permit, these are the steps to take:

Meet the Arizona CCW Requirements:

Before you can become a CCW permit holder, you must meet certain requirementsunder Arizona law. These include:

  • Residency. You must be a legal resident of Arizona or a citizen of the US.
  • Age. You must be either over 21 years of age or over 19 with proof of military service.
  • Criminal Record. You may not have any indictments or convictions for felony offenses.
  • Mental Health. You must not have any mental health conditions that caused you to be either deemed mentally incompetent by the state or committed to a mental health institution.

Take a CCW Class

If you meet the preliminary requirements, your next step to earning an Arizona CCW is to take a firearm safety class, pursuant to ARS (Arizona Revised Statutes) 13-3112.

At The Hub, we offer training that fulfills the Arizona CCW requirements. These four-hour classes cover laws and firearm safety. In order to take our class, you must be able to load and unload your firearm and have basic shooting skills. However, if you are a complete beginner, we offer 101 classes that will teach you the basics of operating a gun.

Final Steps and Arizona CCW Renewal

Once you complete your CCW class at The Hub, we will help you send your fingerprints, background check, and CCW application to the State of Arizona. After this, the state will issue your CCW permit. Your Arizona CCW is good for five years before you will need to renew it. However, if you want to get the most out of your gun ownership and have peace of mind that you can protect yourself and your family, we recommend continued firearm practice. At The Hub, you can make use of our MILO Range in order to keep up your tactical gun skills.

Earn Your Arizona CCW With The Hub

High-Quality Arizona CCW Classes

The Hub is your one-stop shop for all of your gun-related needs. You can take beginner firearm classes or earn your CCW. You can also hone your skills on our MILO Range. If you need a new gun or need an affordable gun to start your collection, The Hub’s gun store has you covered.

Contact us today to schedule a class or come visit us and browse our huge selection of high-quality firearms.

What Sets The Hub Apart from Other Gun Stores

There are many gun stores in Arizona and it can be difficult to figure out which store has exactly what you need. This is especially true if you are searching for hard-to-find parts or a rare gun that no one seems to have in stock. If you are looking for a gun shop in Arizona, look no further than The Hub. We offer a wide selection of rifles, shotguns, pistols, and more. You can even buy a gun online through The Hub’s online store. If you visit our Tucson or Lakeside location, you will find that we offer more than your typical gun dealer.

Here are some of the things that set The Hub apart from other gun stores:

From Affordable to High-End

At The Hub, we cater to everyone, from seasoned gun enthusiasts to first-time firearm owners. Our gun stores have experts on staff to help you find the weapon that fits your needs. Whatever level of experience you have buying guns, our knowledgeable staff will give you the information you need to make an informed decision.

If you need an affordably priced gun to protect yourself and your family, The Hub has a wide selection. You can browse our collection online to see what firearms we have available. If you are a collector looking to purchase a high-end gun, The Hub can help you as well. Let our experts know what you need and we will be happy to recommend the right gun for you. We also do custom builds, so if we don’t have exactly what you are looking for, we can probably have it made for you.

Hard-to-Find Guns and Gun Parts

Certain guns and gun parts are hard to find at traditional gun stores. This is especially true of items controlled by the NFA (National Firearms Act). This US law regulates the sale of certain firearms and firearm accessories. These regulations include silencers/suppressors, short-barreled shotguns (SBSs), short-barreled rifles (SBRs), and machine guns.

At The Hub, we specialize in NFA-controlled items because we know that many collectors seek out these guns and accessories for their collection. We also carry AR- 15s and AR-15 parts in our gun stores. If you’ve been searching all over for that one hard-to-find gun or part, visit The Hub! If we don’t have what you need in stock, we will work with you to find out how we can get you the item you need.

Visit The Hub

We Are More Than Just a Gun Store

When you visit The Hub, you can do more than just purchase a weapon. You can take a CCW (Concealed Carry Weapon) class to earn your Arizona permit. You can also train on our MILO Tactical Trainer, which uses virtual reality (VR) technology to help you improve your firearm skills. Our Lakeside location has a physical shooting range and our Tucson location has a range that is coming soon. We also offer a pawn shop for you to sell old guns and other valuables.

Come visit us and see for yourself what sets our gun stores apart from the competition.