How to Safely Transport Your Firearms

Safely transporting firearms is a crucial responsibility for any gun owner. Whether you’re heading to the shooting range, participating in a competition, or traveling for hunting, ensuring secure and proper transportation of your firearms is paramount. In this guide, we’ll provide you with essential tips on transporting your firearms safely, ensuring your security, and complying with legal regulations.

Nine tips to help you safely transport your firearms are:

1. Know the Laws

Before you even begin packing your firearms, it’s vital to understand the laws and regulations concerning firearm transportation in your area. Regulations can vary from state to state, so being well-informed is crucial. Before transporting your firearms, research local and state laws to understand specific requirements, such as types of weapons allowed, necessary permits, and storage regulations.

2. Unload and Store Safely

Always unload your firearms before transportation. Check the chamber and magazine to ensure there’s no ammunition present, and store the ammunition separately in a locked container. This step helps prevent accidental discharge during transportation.

3. Use Proper Cases

Invest in high-quality, padded gun cases designed to securely hold firearms during transport. These cases protect your firearms from impacts, scratches, and other potential damages. Hard cases with locking mechanisms are preferable as they add an extra layer of security. Be sure to choose a case that fits your firearm snugly to prevent unnecessary movement.

4. Use Trigger Locks

In addition to proper cases, consider using trigger locks to prevent accidental discharge. These locks fit over the trigger and are often equipped with combination or key locks, rendering the firearm inoperable while locked. A trigger lock adds an extra layer of safety, especially if you’re transporting multiple guns in the same case.

5. Secure Firearms in Your Vehicle

If you’re transporting firearms in your vehicle, make sure they’re stored in the trunk or a locked compartment. The key is to keep them out of sight and inaccessible to unauthorized individuals. Consider using a lockable storage box secured to the vehicle’s frame if you’re driving a truck or SUV without a dedicated trunk.

6. Plan Your Route

When traveling with firearms, plan your route ahead of time. Avoid areas with strict gun regulations if possible. While you may have followed all the steps required to transport your firearms legally, it’s best to minimize the chances of encountering unnecessary legal complications.

7. Avoid Gun Stickers or Decals on Your Vehicle

Although you might be proud of your firearms, it’s best to keep a low profile when transporting them. Avoid placing any gun-related stickers or decals on your vehicle, as they could attract unwanted attention and potentially make you a target for theft.

8. Keep Documents Handy

Ensure you have all necessary documentation when transporting your firearms, such as permits, licenses, and other relevant paperwork. Having these documents readily available can help you avoid any unnecessary confrontations with law enforcement.

9. Check Local Regulations When Traveling

If you’re traveling across state lines, be aware that firearm laws can change drastically from one state to another. Research the laws of the states you’ll be passing through and entering to ensure you remain compliant throughout your journey.

Explore Responsible Firearm Ownership with The Hub

At The Hub, we’re not just about safe firearm transportation – we’re your go-to destination for all things firearms. From our premium selection of guns and accessories to our comprehensive training programs, we’re here to empower responsible gun ownership. Discover the difference at The Hub and equip yourself with the tools, knowledge, and confidence to enjoy your firearms to the fullest.

Ready to learn more? Contact The Hub today and take the next step toward responsible firearm ownership!

Responsible Gun Ownership: What It Is And Why It Matters

Owning a gun is a right and a privilege that carries profound responsibility. At The Hub, we believe in fostering a culture of responsible gun ownership, promoting safety, respect, and accountability. But what does responsible gun ownership mean, and why does it matter? This blog post delves into these vital questions.

What Does It Mean To Be A Responsible Gun Owner?

Risks And Responsibilities

Responsible gun ownership starts with an understanding and acknowledgment of the potential risks and responsibilities associated with possessing a firearm. It means acknowledging that a gun is a tool, not a toy, and requires careful handling, secure storage, and vigilant maintenance.

Legal Aspects

A crucial aspect of responsible gun ownership is understanding the legal implications and regulations. As a responsible gun owner, you should be fully aware of the laws in your locality and adhere to them strictly. This means keeping abreast of any changes in legislation that may affect your right to own, use, or carry your firearm.


Another cornerstone of responsible gun ownership is safety. Ensuring that firearms are securely stored when not in use is an essential aspect of this. Safe storage means not only preventing unauthorized access but also ensuring that guns are inaccessible to children or anyone else who might misuse them.


Training is an integral part of responsible gun ownership. This involves understanding how your firearm operates, knowing how to safely load and unload it, and being able to use it accurately and safely. Regular training and practice at a certified range can help maintain these skills and reinforce safe handling habits.

Mental Fitness

Mental fitness is an often overlooked but vital part of gun responsibility. A responsible gun owner should recognize the importance of mental health and take necessary measures to ensure they are in a healthy mental state when handling firearms.

Why Does All This Matter?

Responsible gun ownership matters because guns are powerful tools that can cause harm if misused. Irresponsible use can lead to accidents, injuries, or even deaths. It can also lead to legal consequences, up to and including prison time.

Beyond the individual implications, responsible gun ownership impacts society as a whole. The misuse of guns can lead to widespread fear and calls for stricter gun control legislation, potentially limiting the rights of responsible owners. By practicing and promoting responsible ownership, we can demonstrate that the majority of gun owners are law-abiding citizens who use their firearms safely and appropriately.

Finally, responsible gun ownership matters because it contributes to a safe and respectful culture surrounding firearms. By demonstrating responsibility, we can help foster a better understanding of guns and gun owners, reducing fear and stigma.

Supporting Responsible Gun Ownership

At The Hub, we are committed to promoting responsible gun ownership. We offer a variety of courses and training to help our customers understand their firearms and use them safely and responsibly.

In conclusion, responsible gun ownership means understanding and respecting the power and potential risks of firearms. It means being educated about laws and safety procedures, practicing safe storage and handling, and being mindful of mental health. It matters because it keeps us and our communities safe and helps to foster a respectful culture surrounding firearms.

Remember: a responsible gun owner is a safe gun owner. At The Hub, we’re here to help you become just that.

Types Of Shooting Sports

If you’re passionate about firearms and enjoy the thrill of precision shooting, then you may already be familiar with the diverse world of shooting sports. Shooting sports offer a unique blend of skill, discipline, and camaraderie, attracting enthusiasts of all ages. Whether you’re a seasoned shooter or a beginner looking to dip your toes into the exciting world of target shooting, there’s a shooting sport for everyone. In this blog, we’ll explore some of the most popular types of shooting sports that you can get involved in.

1. Pistol Shooting

Pistol shooting is one of the most accessible and popular shooting sports around the globe. Participants use handguns to shoot at targets from varying distances. The sport demands excellent hand-eye coordination, a steady hand, and mental focus. There are several categories in pistol shooting, including Olympic-style, bullseye, and practical shooting. Each has its own set of rules and challenges.

2. Rifle Shooting

Rifle shooting is all about accuracy and precision. Shooters use rifles to engage targets positioned at different distances. The sport offers a wide range of disciplines, such as small-bore rifle, high-power rifle, and benchrest shooting. Rifle shooting demands patience, breath control, and the ability to read wind conditions to hit the bullseye consistently.

3. Skeet Shooting

Skeet shooting is a form of clay target shooting that involves shooting at clay pigeons launched from two different points. Participants move through a semicircular layout with various shooting stations, testing their ability to quickly react and shoot down the targets. Skeet shooting is often seen as an excellent way to enhance one’s shotgun shooting skills.

4. Trap Shooting

Trap shooting is another clay target shooting sport but with a slight twist. In trap shooting, clay targets are launched away from the shooter at varying angles, simulating the flight path of birds. Participants stand at different stations, and the targets are thrown from a single “trap” machine. Trap shooting requires precision, quick reflexes, and the ability to adapt to changing target angles.

5. Sporting Clays

Sporting clays combine elements of skeet shooting and trap shooting. It’s often referred to as “golf with a shotgun” due to its variety of shooting stations and target presentations. Sporting clays simulate real hunting scenarios, with clay targets mimicking different types of game birds and even rabbits. Participants move through a course, testing their shooting skills from various angles and distances.

6. 3-Gun Competition

3-Gun competitions are action-packed shooting events that challenge participants to use three different firearms: a rifle, a pistol, and a shotgun. Shooters navigate through dynamic courses of fire that require speed, accuracy, and the ability to transition seamlessly between firearms. The adrenaline rush and diverse challenges of 3-Gun competitions have contributed to its increasing popularity in recent years.

7. Long-Range Shooting

Long-range shooting is a discipline that demands marksmanship at extended distances, often exceeding 1000 yards. Participants use high-powered rifles and sophisticated optics to engage targets with incredible precision. Factors like ballistics, windage, and elevation adjustments play crucial roles in hitting distant targets, making long-range shooting a technically demanding yet immensely satisfying sport.

Firearms & Accessories At The Hub

Shooting sports offer a captivating world of precision, discipline, and camaraderie for gun enthusiasts. From the thrill of pistol shooting to the precision required in long-range shooting, there’s a shooting sport for every level of experience and interest. Whether you’re aiming to participate in local competitions or simply seeking a rewarding hobby, exploring the diverse types of shooting sports can lead to a lifetime of excitement and skill development.

At The Hub, we understand the passion of shooting sports enthusiasts. We offer a wide selection of firearms, ammunition, and accessories to cater to all your shooting needs.

Join the shooting community today and embrace the adrenaline-fueled world of shooting sports. Happy shooting!

Firearm Terminology To Know

Navigating the world of firearms can be intimidating, especially for beginners. With a myriad of terms to understand, your first foray into firearms can feel more like a language lesson. To help you decode this language, we’ve compiled an easy-to-understand glossary of essential firearm terminology.

Types of Firearms


Small firearms designed to be held and operated with one hand. They’re divided into two primary types:

  • Pistols: A type of handgun where the chamber is integrated into the barrel. Most common types include semi-automatic pistols and single-shot pistols.
  • Revolvers: Another type of handgun characterized by a rotating cylinder carrying multiple chambers. When the trigger is pulled, the cylinder rotates to align the next chamber with the barrel.

Long Guns

Firearms that are braced against the shoulder when fired. These are generally larger and have longer barrels.Examples include:

  • Rifles: Long guns designed with a rifled barrel, which spins the bullet to improve accuracy over long distances.
  • Shotguns: Fire long guns that discharge shells filled with small projectiles known as shot. Their barrels are typically smooth.

Components of a Firearm


The tube through which a bullet or projectile is fired. The interior of a rifle’s barrel is rifled with spiraling grooves that spin the bullet for increased accuracy.


The mechanism that handles the loading, firing, and extraction of cartridges. Actions can be semi-automatic, bolt-action, pump-action, among others.


The lever pressed by the finger to discharge a firearm.


A device used for storing and feeding ammunition into the firearm’s action. In some firearms, it’s detachable. Make sure you don’t make the common rookie mistake of using the terms clip and magazine interchangeably. A clip holds cartridges together to load into a magazine.


The portion of the firearm held against the body. In long guns, it aids in aiming by providing a point of contact with the shooter’s shoulder.

Firearm Ammunition


The projectile expelled from a firearm’s barrel. This is often mistakenly used interchangeably with the term “cartridge.”


A single unit of ammunition consisting of the case, primer, propellant (powder), and bullet.


This term refers to the internal diameter of a firearm’s barrel or the diameter of a bullet. It’s often measured in hundredths or thousandths of an inch or in millimeters.


A term used to denote the diameter of a shotgun barrel. The smaller the gauge, the larger the barrel’s diameter.

Firearm Safety


A device that prevents the firearm from firing accidentally. Always remember – treat every gun as if it’s loaded, even when you know it’s not.

Muzzle Discipline

Refers to always keeping the gun pointed in a safe direction.

Trigger Discipline

vRefers to keeping your finger off the trigger until you’re ready to shoot.

Learn More About Guns At The Hub

Learning firearm terminology is the first step in becoming a knowledgeable gun owner. This glossary will serve as a handy reference as you delve deeper into the world of firearms. Remember, safe and responsible gun ownership starts with understanding. So, familiarize yourself with these terms, and step confidently into your gun-owning journey.

Whether you’re interested in handguns, long guns, or just general knowledge, our team at The Hub is here to help.

Contact us for more information, guidance, and a wide range of firearms tailored to your needs.

The Future Of Firearms: Trends and Innovations To Watch

Technology is constantly advancing, and the world of firearms is no exception. We can anticipate remarkable enhancements in gun technology, offering improved safety and performance. In this blog, we will explore some fascinating trends and innovations that firearm enthusiasts and customers should watch.

Five firearm trends and innovations to look out for are:

1. Smart Firearms

One big trend in the future of firearms is the development of smart guns. These firearms incorporate technology to enhance safety and user experience, such as biometric fingerprint recognition or special grips that only let authorized people shoot them. These advancements can help reduce accidents and unauthorized firearm use, making them ideal for home defense.

2. Modular Design

Modularity is becoming increasingly popular in the firearms industry as well. A modular firearm allows users to customize and adapt their weapon to meet their specific needs with interchangeable parts like the barrel, grip, or sights. This trend enables gun owners to have a single firearm that can be easily adjusted for different purposes, such as hunting, competition shooting, or self-defense. Customizable guns are also easier to fix because you only need to replace the broken part instead of the whole gun.

3. Enhanced Materials

Advancements in materials science are also influencing the future of firearms. Lightweight and durable materials that reduce weight are appearing in firearm construction. These materials result in guns that are easier to handle and carry while maintaining performance. Additionally, these materials can improve recoil management, reducing the impact on the shooter and increasing accuracy during shooting sessions.

4. Optics and Electronics Integration

Integrating optics and electronics are changing how shooters aim at targets. Red dot sights, holographic sights, and electronic scopes provide better accuracy and target acquisition. In addition, we are seeing more electronic triggers and fire control systems that offer improved trigger pull consistency and programmable firing modes for better control and precision.

5. Advanced Safety Features

In the future, firearms may incorporate even more advanced safety features. These features will prioritize accident prevention and safe handling. Some potential innovations include trigger mechanisms that require intentional finger placement to prevent accidental discharges. Integrated sensors and indicators could also provide real-time feedback on the firearm’s condition, such as ammunition levels, battery life, and potential malfunctions. These safety advancements will further enhance user confidence and promote responsible firearm usage.

Your Firearm Hub in Arizona

At The Hub, we are committed to staying updated with the latest advancements in firearms, providing our customers with top-of-the-line products. In addition to our products, we also offer safe firearm practice options, including classes, an indoor shooting range, and a virtual tactical range.

Visit our store or browse our online selection to experience the future of firearms firsthand!

Benefits Of Participating In Shooting Sports

Shooting sports offer a lot more than just excitement and adrenaline. They provide a range of benefits for both beginners and experienced shooters alike. In this blog post, we will explore the advantages of participating in shooting sports. From developing essential skills to boosting self-confidence and making friends, shooting sports have something for everyone.

Four benefits of participating in shooting sports are:

1. Developing Valuable Skills

Shooting sports help you develop skills that go beyond the range. Whether you are a beginner or an experienced shooter, you’ll improve your concentration, focus, and hand-eye coordination. Shooting requires discipline, patience, and control over your breathing, which helps sharpen your mind and increase mindfulness.

It’s also crucial to learn about firearm safety and responsible handling. As you progress, you’ll gain knowledge about firearms, ammunition, and proper maintenance, promoting responsible gun ownership and safety.

2. Boosting Self-Confidence

Engaging in shooting sports can significantly boost your self-confidence. As you practice and improve your skills, you’ll see tangible progress over time. The more accurate and proficient you become, the more you’ll believe in your abilities. Achieving shooting goals and higher scores will give you a sense of accomplishment and increase your self-esteem.v

Shooting also teaches you to stay calm under pressure, which helps you handle stressful situations better. As you overcome challenges and surpass your expectations, you’ll develop a strong sense of self-assurance that will carry over to other areas of your life.

3. Making Friends and Sportsmanship

Shooting sports allow you to connect with like-minded people and make lasting friendships. Whether you participate individually or as part of a team, you’ll find a community of enthusiasts who share your passion. This camaraderie allows you to exchange knowledge, experiences, and tips, facilitating continuous learning and improvement.

Sportsmanship is highly valued in shooting competitions. Shooters learn to appreciate others’ achievements, showing respect, humility, and grace, whether they win or lose. The supportive environment within the shooting community encourages individuals to push their limits, learn from one another, and build strong bonds.

4. Stress Relief and Mental Well-Being

Shooting sports offer a unique way to relieve stress and promote relaxation. Focusing on shooting requires concentration, which can put you in a meditative state and help you disconnect from everyday pressures. The controlled breathing and precision of shooting have a calming effect, reducing anxiety and improving mental well-being.

Moreover, the thrill and excitement of shooting release endorphins, which are known as the “feel-good” hormones. These endorphins contribute to happiness and satisfaction, reducing stress and improving overall mood.

The Bottom Line

Engaging in shooting sports brings numerous benefits that extend beyond the shooting range. From developing valuable skills to boosting self-confidence and making friends, shooting sports offer something for everyone. Whether you’re a beginner or an experienced shooter, consider exploring the world of shooting sports to embark on a journey of challenge, inspiration, and empowerment. Enjoy your shooting experience!

Your One-Stop Shop For All Your Firearm Needs

If you are interested in enjoying the many benefits of participating in shooting sports, the Hub is your one-stop destination for all your firearm needs. With a wide range of firearms, ammunition, and accessories, we cater to both beginners and experienced shooters. Our knowledgeable staff is ready to assist you with expert advice and ensure you make the right choices. We also offer several firearm training classes to help you hone your skills before a competition.

Visit The Hub at one of our locations or browse our website today!

The Benefits Of Hunting

If you’ve ever considered taking up hunting, now is the perfect time to start. Whether you’re an outdoor enthusiast, a sportsperson, or finding alternatives to high grocery prices, hunting offers a multitude of benefits that you might not have thought of. This blog post will delve into the many advantages that hunting can bring, and why it’s worth considering as your new hobby.

Cost Savings and Self-Sufficiency

In these times when grocery prices continue to soar, hunting can serve as a significant cost-saving measure. When you consider the price of high-quality meat in the supermarket, hunting your own game can lead to substantial savings over time. A single deer, for instance, can yield up to 60-75 pounds of meat, which can feed a family for months.

Beyond the savings, hunting also promotes self-sufficiency. It enables you to provide for your family’s nutritional needs directly, making you less dependent on market fluctuations and supply chain disruptions. So, as you fill your freezer with nutritious, lean, and organic meat, you’re also padding your wallet with the savings earned from bypassing the pricey meat aisle at your local grocery store.

Connection with Nature

Hunting promotes a deep connection with nature. It encourages you to step outside your daily routine, to immerse yourself in the great outdoors. As a hunter, you’ll need to understand wildlife habitats, behaviors, and movement patterns, which in turn deepens your appreciation for the natural world. Plus, spending time in nature is known to reduce stress and improve mental health.

Physical Fitness and Mental Strength

Hunting is a physically demanding activity. It requires stamina, strength, and agility. Walking for miles in search of game, climbing hills, and traversing difficult terrains can provide an excellent workout. Additionally, hunting promotes mental fitness as well. It requires patience, focus, strategy, and resilience, all of which contribute to improved mental strength.

Sustainable Meat Consumption

Hunting allows you to source your meat in a sustainable manner. Unlike the factory farming industry, hunting causes minimal impact on the environment. It provides free-range meat, free from antibiotics and hormones typically found in commercially raised animals. When done responsibly, hunting contributes to conservation efforts by controlling animal populations and supporting the balance of ecosystems.

Skill Development

Hunting is a skill that has been passed down through generations. It involves a wide range of skills like tracking, stealth, and precision. Mastering these skills takes time and practice, and it’s an ongoing learning process that keeps your mind engaged. It’s a challenge that boosts confidence and self-esteem when accomplished successfully.

Building Community

Hunting often involves teamwork and fosters a sense of community. Hunting clubs and groups are great places to meet like-minded people, share experiences, and learn from one another. It is an activity that can bring friends and family together, forging stronger bonds as you share in the triumphs and trials of the hunt.

Supporting Local Economies

The hunting industry contributes significantly to local economies. It generates revenue through licensing, tourism, and the sale of gear and equipment. By participating in hunting, you are supporting local businesses, conservation efforts, and your local community.

Find Hunting Supplies At The Hub

Now that we’ve outlined the compelling benefits of hunting, it’s time for you to embark on this rewarding journey. For those interested in taking up hunting, The Hub provides an extensive selection of firearms and hunting supplies to get you started. From beginner-friendly options to advanced equipment, our experts are here to guide you in making the best choices for your needs.

Visit our shop today, and let us equip you with the necessary gear and knowledge to begin your hunting adventure.

What Is Open Carry?

Whether you’re a seasoned firearms enthusiast or new to the world of gun ownership, understanding the concept of open carry is important. In this blog, we’ll delve into what open carry entails, explore the legal considerations surrounding it, and weigh the pros and cons. Whether you’re looking to exercise your Second Amendment rights or simply curious about the topic, this informative article will provide you with a comprehensive overview of open carry. So, let’s holster up and dive right in!

Please note that this article does not constitute legal advice, and we are not able to answer any legal questions. For more information about any legal considerations, consult a lawyer in your jurisdiction.

An Overview Of Open Carry

Open carry refers to the practice of openly carrying a firearm in public, where the weapon is visible to others. Open carry can take various forms, such as carrying a handgun in a holster on the hip or carrying a long gun slung across the shoulder. This is in contrast to concealed carry, which, as the name implies, involves having a firearm that is hidden until you need it.

Legal Considerations For Open Carry

Gun laws, including those that impact open carry, vary across different states and jurisdictions. It’s important to know which laws apply in your area.

States generally fall into four different categories:

  • Permitless – In many states, you don’t need a license or permit to carry a gun.
  • License Required – In some states, you need a license or permit to openly carry a firearm.
  • Open Carry Not Permitted – Some states completely prohibit carrying a gun openly or only allow it in specific circumstances (often while hunting).
  • Other – The laws in certain states don’t fit neatly into any of the above categories. This may apply to states where open carry is allowed on a state level but prohibited in certain cities or counties.

You can find a map of current open carry laws on the US Concealed Carry Association (USCCA) website.

Keep in mind that other circumstances beyond these laws can impact legality. For example, even in states where carrying a firearm openly is permitted, brandishing it in a threatening manner typically comes with legal consequences. Responsible gun owners need to research and fully understand the laws in their specific regions.

Pros And Cons Of Open Vs Concealed Carry

There is much debate among gun owners when it comes to open vs concealed carry. At the end of the day, this is a personal decision and is highly dependent on your unique circumstances. For example, the decision of whether to carry openly will be very different for someone in a rural area who is primarily concerned with defending against wildlife versus someone in a city with strict gun laws who is primarily concerned with self-defense. This decision can even vary on a day-to-day basis for the same individual.

As a general overview, here are some pros and cons of open carry to keep in mind:

  • Pro – Quick Access: The top reason people want to carry openly is that it’s easier to get to your firearm quickly if you need it.
  • Pro – Often More Comfortable: Open carry holsters may be more comfortable, especially in hot weather or with certain styles of clothing.
  • Pro – Can Be Used For Larger Weapons: Larger firearms are difficult to conceal, and open carry gives you more options in this regard.
  • Con – Can Draw Attention: Openly carrying a firearm can often draw attention. This can range from a few judgmental looks to, in the worst-case scenario, making yourself a target. This is the most obvious downside of open carry.
  • Con – May Spark Unwanted Conversations: If you’re interested in sparking conversations about gun rights, this may not be an issue for you. However, if you’re put off by the idea of having to explain your views to others, you should be aware that open carry can often bring up these types of debates.
  • Con – Potential Legal Issues: Again, legal considerations vary based on the jurisdiction. We can’t stress enough how important it is to understand your unique situation before you open carry (or conceal carry, for that matter).

Find Firearms At The Hub

However you choose to carry, The Hub is your source for high-quality firearms in Arizona. We have stores in Mesa, Tucson, and Pinetop, as well as an online store.

Visit us today to browse our selection of guns.

The Role of Firearms in American History and Culture

No matter how you look at it, firearms have been an integral part of American history since the nation’s founding. From the colonial period through to the present day, firearms have been used to protect the citizens of the nation, to defend against enemies, to hunt for food, and to ensure the freedoms of the American people.

Historical Influence

In the early days of the United States, guns were used by colonists to defend their homesteads against hostile forces, and to hunt for food. As the nation grew and the Industrial Revolution took hold, guns began to take on a more recreational role. Hunting became popular, and marksmanship became a respected skill. In 1871, the National Rifle Association was founded to promote marksmanship and gun safety.

The 20th century saw further changes in the role of guns in America. The rise of population and crime in cities led many citizens to purchase firearms for self-defense. Firearms were used during both World Wars, as well as during the Vietnam War and other conflicts. 

Today, firearms continue to play an important role in American life. They are used for hunting, recreation, and self-defense. They are also used in law enforcement and the military to protect the citizens of the United States.

Cultural Influence

Firearms have a complex role in American culture. They are a part of the nation’s history, and they are deeply intertwined with the national identity. For many Americans, firearms are a symbol of freedom, strength, and independence, and a guaranteed right due to the 2nd Amendment. They are seen as a way to protect oneself and one’s family, as well as a way to defend against tyranny. Firearms are also symbolic of the nation’s frontier spirit, and a reminder of the hardy pioneers that has shaped the country.

Firearms Controversy

In modern times, firearms have also become controversial. Gun violence and mass shootings remain a major issue in the United States, and the debate over gun control is ongoing. Gun ownership has become a major political issue, and debates over gun control and gun rights rage across the country. However, regardless of one’s opinion on firearms, it is undeniable that they have played an important role in American culture.

Shop Our Firearms

Whether you are looking for a gun to protect yourself and your family, or for recreational purposes such as hunting or competitive shooting sports, we have it all.  We also have classes for the first-time gun owner, as well as seasoned shooters.

Call or visit the Hub today for all your firearm needs.

The Importance of Firearm Maintenance and Cleaning

Firearms are an important part of many people’s lives, whether they’re used for hunting, target shooting, self-defense, or even just a hobby. However, as a gun owner, it is your responsibility to make sure that your firearms are stored and maintained properly. Like any tool, they require regular cleaning and maintenance to stay in top condition and function properly.

Importance of Cleaning

Boosts Performance

A clean firearm is essential for proper performance. If your gun is dirty, it will not fire reliably and could potentially malfunction. This could lead to serious injuries or even death. Additionally, dirt and debris can build up in the action of your gun, making it harder to operate and decreasing the accuracy of your shots.

Increases Lifespan

Not only is a clean firearm important for its performance, but it is also important for its lifespan. Neglecting to clean your gun can lead to rust and corrosion, leading to permanent damage. Additionally, dirt and grime can act as an abrasive, causing wear and tear on the metal parts of your gun. Regular cleaning and maintenance can help prevent this type of damage and ensure that your gun will last for many years.

Importance Of Proper Maintenance

Extends Life

It is important to inspect and maintain your gun before and after each use. This will help extend the life of your firearm. By properly cleaning and lubricating your gun, you can help keep it running smoothly for years to come. This is especially important for firearms that are used often, as dirt and grime can build up and cause malfunctions.

Prevents Malfunctions

Regular maintenance can also help keep you safe. Properly caring for your firearm will prevent it from malfunctioning and potentially causing an accidental discharge. This is especially important for those who carry their guns for self-defense, as a malfunctioning gun could be disastrous in a dangerous situation.

Increases Accuracy

Regular maintenance can help keep your gun accurate. Cleaning and lubricating your firearm can help it fire more consistently, which is important for those who use their guns for hunting or target shooting. Additionally, a clean and well-maintained gun is more likely to stay on target, making it a more effective tool.

Get Help At The Hub

We offer group firearm classes as well as one-on-one training that will teach you how to keep your gun in tip-top shape. If you own a firearm, make sure to give it the care it deserves.

Visit The Hub today for all of your firearm needs.


5 Firearm Storage Tips

Owning a firearm is a rewarding experience, giving you peace of mind knowing you are protecting yourself and your family. Not to mention that guns can also be a source of enjoyment. That pride and enjoyment come with high responsibility, however. Firearm safety is crucial, and proper storage of firearms is an essential component of that.

Here are five firearm storage tips to help keep your guns safe and secure:

1. Use a Gun Safe

One of the best ways to safely store firearms in your home or apartment is in a gun safe. A gun safe is a secure metal box specifically designed to house firearms. You can purchase a safe in various sizes, depending on how many weapons you need to stow. The safe should be securely mounted to a wall or floor and have a combination lock or other security measures to prevent unauthorized access.

2. Store Firearms Separately

Another crucial safety component is storing firearms separately rather than all in the same safe or cabinet. Separate storage helps to prevent unauthorized access and can also avert accidents. Make sure to use a different safe or cabinet for each firearm and keep the ammunition stored separately as well.

3. Keep Firearms Unloaded

When securely storing your firearms, make sure to keep them unloaded when they are not in use. Unloading them helps to prevent accidents and keeps them out of the hands of unauthorized persons. It’s especially important to keep firearms unloaded and locked away if you have children in the home. In addition, even when your guns are unloaded, you should always treat them as if they are loaded.

4. Clean Your Firearms

Cleaning your firearms before storing them is another key to keeping them safe and secure. Always clean your guns before putting them away for storage, as the residue inside the barrel after firing can corrode the barrel over time. This practice will help preserve your weapons and ensure they will continue to fire safely.

5. Use a Trigger Lock

Using a trigger lock will also help keep your firearms safely and securely stored. A trigger lock is a device that fits over the trigger of a gun to prevent it from being fired. It’s a good idea to use a trigger lock when storing firearms as it helps reduce the risk of accidents. You can purchase a trigger lock at most sporting goods stores.

Additional Firearm Storage Tips

Along with the above five points, gun owners can follow these additional tips for secure gun storage:

    • Keep firearms away from heat. Heat can damage guns, so keep them away from heat sources such as radiators, stoves, and fireplaces. If possible, store the firearms in a cool, dry place.
    • Keep firearms locked up. Once you securely store your guns in a safe or another container, keep them locked inside at all times. Even if you don’t have children in your home, keeping your firearms locked will help prevent unauthorized access.
    • Teach your children basic firearm safety. If you do have children at home, make them aware of the safety guidelines concerning firearms. Teach them never to play with guns or their storage safes. When they are old enough, you can teach them safety tips for handling weapons.

Safe Firearm Storage at The Hub

At The Hub, we have everything you need for safe firearm storage. Our wide range of firearms and accessories includes high-quality safes for both your car and home. We also offer several training courses to help improve your gun safety techniques.

Visit us in person today in Phoenix, Lakeside, or Tucson, or browse our online gun shop.

The Advantages of Customizing Your Gun

If you’re a gun enthusiast, you know there’s nothing quite like owning and shooting a customized gun, and the benefits of customizing your firearm are numerous. From improved accuracy to increased aesthetics, customization can make the shooting experience more enjoyable and practical.

Here are six advantages of customizing your gun:

1. Freedom of Preference

First, customization allows you to truly personalize your gun to fit your individual needs and preferences. Personalization can mean anything from changing the stock and pistol grip to adding optics and other accessories. By customizing your firearm, you can ensure it is perfectly tailored to you and your shooting style.

2. Increased Accuracy

Second, customizing your gun can help you improve your accuracy and shoot more consistently. This is especially true when you customize your firearm with aftermarket trigger components, such as springs and adjustable triggers. Customizing your gun can also help you customize the fit to your body, which can help you hold it more comfortably.

3. Added Value

Third, customizing your gun can be a great way to increase its value. If you decide to customize your weapon with high-end parts and accessories, it will be worth more than when you bought it. A custom gun is a great investment, as well as a way to show off your shooting skills.

4. Reliability

Fourth, customizing your gun can also help to make it more reliable. By adding higher-quality parts, you can ensure your firearm will perform to its fullest potential. With aftermarket components, such as a reinforced barrel, you can help ensure your gun will withstand years of use. This reliability can help to make your shooting experience more enjoyable and successful.

5. Increased Safety

Fifth, customizing your gun may also increase its safety. By adding certain safety features, such as an ambidextrous safety lever or a higher-quality trigger, you can ensure your gun is as safe as possible. Using a safe weapon can give you peace of mind when hunting or out on the range.

6. Personal Expression

Finally, customizing your gun can be a great way to express yourself. You can make your gun truly your own by adding unique features such as custom engravings or intricate designs. This can be a great way to show your personality and make your firearm stand out from the rest.

To Customize Or Not?

Customizing your gun is a big decision. If you’re a first-time gun owner, it may be best to explore all your options before investing in personalization, as it can be an expensive investment. Seek recommendations from friends and family members who are more experienced, if possible. Gun stores and websites are also helpful tools as you gather information. Once you’ve done your research, you can start with simple modifications first, then build your way up to a fully customized firearm. At the end of the day, knowing if you’re ready for a custom weapon is up to you and your preferences.

Purchase Firearms and Accessories in Tucson

The Hub is your source for firearms and accessories in Tucson. Whether you want to purchase your first gun or customize an existing one, our physical and online shops have an extensive selection of handguns, rifles, shotguns, accessories, gun parts, gun safes, and more. In addition to our gun stores, The Hub also offers training classes and physical and virtual reality shooting ranges.

Contact us today to learn more about our firearm selection and tactical training options.

The Benefits Of Owning A Firearm

When it comes to protecting yourself and your family members, owning a firearm is a great solution. While possessing a weapon comes with responsibilities, firearms offer countless benefits, from personal protection to recreational and competitive shooting. With the many types of guns available, deciding which is right for you can be difficult. To help you make this decision, we’ll discuss several benefits of owning a firearm and why they are a wise choice for many.

1. Personal Protection

One of the main benefits of owning a firearm is personal protection. Having the ability to protect yourself and your family is essential. A gun provides an additional layer of security that can help you and your loved ones feel safe, even in the most dangerous situations. Whether you encounter a home invasion or a robbery, a firearm can be your first defense against these threats.

2. Recreational Shooting

Another great benefit of gun ownership is the ability to enjoy recreational shooting. A gun can provide hours of enjoyment and entertainment spent on target or skeet shooting and without one, you won’t be able to participate in these activities. Not only is recreational shooting a great way to have fun, but it can also help improve your shooting skills.

3. Competitive Shooting

If you want to take your shooting skills to the next level, competitive shooting provides a great avenue to do so. Owning a firearm allows you to compete in many shooting competitions, from local matches to traveling to a national competition. Competitive shooting also empowers you to test your skills against other shooters.

4. Hunting

For those who enjoy the outdoors, owning a firearm gives you the opportunity to hunt. Hunting can provide hours of enjoyment, the ability to provide food for your family, and the chance to spend time with friends or family who also enjoy this pastime. While different types of hunting require different gun types, owning a firearm opens up the possibility to start hunting.

5. Collecting

Owning a firearm can also lead to a collection. If you are passionate about them, firearms are a solid investment. Guns can be bought and sold, allowing you to make a return on your investment. With proper maintenance, your weapon can last for years and even increase in value. Whether you want to start collecting handguns, shotguns, or rifles, owning a firearm will begin a collection you can add to and enjoy for years to come.

Shop For Firearms in Tucson

When it comes to owning a firearm, the benefits are clear. If you want to enjoy the advantages mentioned above and more, The Hub is your source for guns and accessories in Tucson. Whether you are a first-time gun owner or are looking to add to your collection, we have something for every type of customer. In addition to our products for sale, The Hub also offers training and classes related to gun safety, ownership, and self-defense.

Contact The Hub today to explore everything we have to offer.

Do You Need A High-End Gun?

When looking to buy a gun, it can be difficult to decide between a high-end, expensive model and a more affordable one. While there are definitely pros and cons to each option, it’s important to remember that the purpose of your gun will play a big role in which one you should choose. Additionally, it’s always a good idea to test the gun before you purchase it to make sure it meets your needs and that it’s a good fit for you.

High-End Firearms


One of the main pros of choosing a high-end, expensive gun is that they tend to have a higher quality and better performance than more affordable models. High-end guns typically use higher-grade materials and components, and they are designed with precision and accuracy in mind. This means that they can provide better accuracy and reliability, as well as a higher level of comfort and control.

Additionally, expensive guns typically have more features than lower-priced models, such as adjustable sights, custom grips, and different finishes.

While aesthetics shouldn’t necessarily be a major factor in your decision, there’s also no denying that many high-end guns simply look cool! If you’re shopping for a secondary gun for your collection or just want something unique, this can be a reason to choose a more expensive model compared to a starter gun.


Of course, the major downside of choosing a high-end gun is the cost. These firearms can be expensive, and they may not be within your budget. You’ll need to consider what features are most worthwhile

Affordable Firearms


When it comes to more affordable guns, the most obvious benefit is that they are less expensive than higher-end models. Additionally, many of the more affordable guns are still of good quality, so you can still get a reliable gun that meets your needs. For advice on how to do this, check out our blog “Budgeting Tips For Gun Buyers.”


However, the cons of choosing a more affordable gun are that it may not have as many features as an expensive model. It may also not have the same level of accuracy or performance as the higher-end guns, although this depends on what type you choose. Additionally, some of the cheaper guns may not be as durable as the more expensive models, so they may not last as long.

The Bottom Line

Ultimately, choosing between a high-end and an affordable gun is a personal decision. It’s important to remember that the purpose of your gun is a key factor in making this decision. Getting a reliable yet simple gun for everyday concealed carry will be a different process than finding a gun for a shooting competition, for example. Additionally, it’s always a good idea to test the gun before you purchase it to make sure it meets your needs and that it’s a good fit for you.

If you’re looking for a gun, whether you need something unique and high-end or a reliable and affordable option, The Hub can help. Our Arizona gun stores stock a wide variety of firearms and our friendly associates are happy to answer any questions you may have.

To browse our firearms, visit us today in Tucson, Lakeside, or Mesa.

What Is A Shot Timer?

A shot timer is a valuable tool in the practical shooting scene, but not every shooter is familiar with it. First developed in the 80s, this device is often used in competition shooting sports and law enforcement training to provide essential, reliable data in real-time. Read on to learn more about shot timers and what they can do.

Defining a Shot Timer

A shot timer is an electronic device that combines a digital stopwatch with a microphone calibrated to record a shooter’s time. The device indicates starting time with an audible signal and detects the sound of each shot. When the shooter finishes, the timer will display the time elapsed from the start signal until the last shot.

A shot timer provides crucial details about the speed of a shooter’s draw, transition times between targets, and follow-up shot timing. Each timer offers many of the same basic features. They include an audible buzzer, a microphone that records shots, and the ability to review a string of fire to get data from multiple gunfires. Many shot timers also have a setting for a random start time, which allows shooters to train by themselves.

A few definitions associated with shot timers are:

  • Raw time: The final time captured after the last shot.
  • Total time: Raw time plus penalty time (in seconds) from missing the target.
  • Shot time: The time captured on a single shot.
  • Par time: An allotted amount of time ending with a buzzer.
  • Split time: The time frame between shots.

Why Use a Shot Timer?

Shot timers not only have many practical applications for competitive shooters and law enforcement officers, but they can also be helpful for everyday target practice.

Prepare For a Shooting Competition

Like in other professional sports, shooting competitions are often won or lost by a fraction of a second. Shot timers record data to hundredths of a second, providing shooters with accurate, reliable, and quantifiable data. Measurements like total time represent a combination of balancing speed, efficiency, and marksmanship. Once you know your performance time, you know which areas need improvement before your next shooting competition.

Quantify Your Limitations

Shot timers also allow an everyday marksman to quantify their limitations. Some shooters assume they are a good shot, but without a timer, they will never know how fast they are really shooting. Using a timer sets a baseline performance for fundamental defensive skills like a fast, smooth draw or quick and accurate follow-up shots. With this data, there will be no question of how good of a shot you are.

Improve Your Accuracy

Having baseline data from a shot timer allows shooters to measure their improvement in essential firearm skills. Using a timer will help you keep track of what areas you need to focus on in your training regime, and record your progress as you improve. Additionally, these devices simulate the stressful environment that shooters often face in a real-life defensive situation. Practicing quick and accurate firing under stress helps ensure that you can defend yourself if the need arises.

Your New Favorite Arizona Gun Shop

Look no further if you are in the market for a new firearm or accessories! The Hub is your one-stop gun shop for everything from high-end weapons to affordable guns. You can also take advantage of our physical and VR shooting ranges or Concealed Carry Weapons (CCW) classes to help you hone your craft.

Call The Hub today for more information on our firearm selection and tactical training options.

Why Is 9mm So Popular?

The 9mm is widely considered the most popular handgun for personal defense, concealed carry, and service around the globe. Since its debut, technological advances have improved the performance of this versatile cartridge, skyrocketing it to the top of every gun owner’s list. So why is 9mm so popular? Read about six of its main benefits in our blog below.

1. Reduced Recoil

One major benefit of the 9mm is reduced recoil. Reduced felt recoil allows for faster target acquisition, providing a tactical advantage. With less recoil anticipation, it also creates faster and more accurate follow-up shots. This results in better shot placement for both the average user and professionals, even while moving.

2. Increased Capacity

Another factor that contributes to the popularity of the 9mm is increased ammo capacity. Most 9mm pistols have a standard capacity of 17 rounds, with extended magazines reaching 20 rounds or more while maintaining a manageable size. This optimal capacity in a relatively small package allows its user to carry more ammunition in the gun and on their person.

3. Impressive Firepower

Despite its small size, the 9mm round packs a punch. Along with its large magazine capacity, it balances firepower with stopping power for the ultimate shot. Its impressive firepower does not sacrifice accuracy, though. The 9mm enhances shot placement, which is the most critical factor in stopping a threat.

4. Reliable History

The first 9mm luger was developed over a century ago in 1901. That is 121 years of weapons development dedicated to the caliber. This development makes the 9mm reliable, as it lasts longer, needs fewer repairs, and is less prone to breakage than its counterparts. Most owners get years of life out of this weapon.

5. Used by Law Enforcement and Military

The popularity of the 9mm can largely be attributed to law enforcement agencies and the military. The average consumer often takes their cues from these organizations, and the 9mm is the caliber of choice for most police stations and the FBI. The United States military has also replaced the .45 Automatic Colt Pistol (ACP) with 9mms. These establishments favor this handgun caliber because of the above reasons, as well as its penetrating power and reliability in both practice and duty settings.

6. Widely Available

The 9mm’s popularity has made it a widely available weapon, further increasing its demand. Many weapons now come in the 9mm caliber. Since it is manufactured in high quantities, it is inexpensive to produce compared to other calibers. This also makes it flexible and easily customizable. There are many options to further enhance the firearm, such as extended magazines or more durable components.

Your Source For Firearms and Training in Arizona

From handguns to rifles, The Hub stocks high-end, hard-to-find firearms and accessories. We also offer a variety of training and classes on gun ownership and self-defense, as well as a full indoor shooting range and a firearms training simulator. You can find us online or at one of our Tucson, Lakeside, and Phoenix locations.

Contact one of our gun experts today for more information on our products and services.

The Importance Of Structure In Shooting Practice

Regular practice is essential for building any skill, including shooting. However, there’s a difference between simply taking the gun to the range and actually having structured shooting practice. The former is definitely fun and can be helpful to a certain extent, but the latter is what will really help you build your skills.

Here are some reasons why structure is important for practicing your shooting:

1. Focus On Key Skills

With unstructured practice, you’re working on your shooting in general. This allows you to get more hours in and build experience, but it doesn’t necessarily help you identify and improve areas where your skills may be lacking. With more structure, you can add drills that target key skills you want to improve.

2. Stay Consistent

Consistency is important for any pursuit. Without a sense of structure, you are unlikely to be consistent with your shooting practice. You may go to the range whenever you feel like it or when you remember, but this may not be at regular intervals. To create a more consistent routine, think about how often you can reasonably practice and commit to specific days and times you will dedicate to range time. Keep in mind that dry fire training can also be helpful and may be easier to schedule consistently, especially if you are low on ammo.

3. Avoid Losing Skills Over Time

The longer you go without practicing, the more likely your skills are to diminish. By having a structured routine, you can make sure that you continue to practice specific firearm-related skills regularly and stay sharp. This is especially essential if your main purpose for owning a gun is self-defense. In the worst-case scenario, adrenaline is high and you need to have a strong foundation of skills.

How Training Can Help You Create A Routine

Even if you understand the importance of structure in your shooting practice, it can be difficult to actually create this structure on your own. Getting one-on-one training can help immensely. It allows you to work with a professional to identify drills and techniques that could be more beneficial for you. Your trainer can help you create a schedule to continue your practice in a more structured manner.

Firearms Training In Arizona

The Hub has locations in Lakeside, Phoenix, and Tucson, AZ. We can help you hone your skills and offer a variety of classes and one-on-one training, as well as ranges at our various locations for continued practice. We also have a wide selection of firearms, ranging from affordable options to high-end and hard-to-find pieces. Whether you’re a beginner, an expert, or anything in between, we can help you.

Visit one of our gun stores today to learn more.

Who Can Benefit From Gun Training?

Firearms are valuable tools for a variety of purposes like self-defense, hunting, or hobby shooting. However, guns are only as effective as the people using them. If you have a gun but never learn how to use it well, this can cause serious issues, especially in the worst-case scenario if you need to use your weapon to defend yourself and your family. Gun training gives you the opportunity to learn from a professional and stay prepared.

Here are some individuals who can benefit from firearm training:

First-Time Gun Owners

With any new skill, there’s a learning curve. When it comes to something as powerful as a firearm, it’s important to invest time into building your skills. Training helps you learn how to be a responsible gun owner and starting as soon as or even before you buy your first gun is a great decision.

Safety is, of course, a major focus for gun training. You need to understand the rules of gun safety and having a professional who can point out if you are handling your gun unsafely helps you catch mistakes you might otherwise miss.

People purchase guns for many different purposes, and training can also help you optimize your skills with a specific focus on your needs. For example, if you plan to use your gun for home defense, you should understand how to store it, how to shoot accurately under stress, and how to assess a situation to determine if firing your weapon is necessary. Gun training can help you build these skills.

Out-Of-Practice Individuals

A common situation is that someone purchases a gun, gets some basic training on how to use it, then puts the weapon in storage and hardly practices at all. While it’s great to have some training to start, regular practice is important to keep your skills sharp. You can do this by going to the range on your own, but you may develop poor habits without professional guidance. A trainer can help you pinpoint areas for improvement and give you drills you can use during your other practice time.

Experienced Shooters

You may think that once you’ve gotten some experience and feel confident with your firearm, you don’t need any more training. However, a professional can help you further hone your skills. They will identify areas for improvement and can help you move beyond your current level to become even better. Additionally, without training and practice, your skills will fade over time, so staying on top of this helps you stay at the top of your game.

Personalized Firearm Training

At The Hub, we offer group classes as well as one-on-one training. We can help you hone your skills and consider your individual starting point, concerns, and goals.

To learn more about our gun training, contact us today.

Key Aspects Of Pistol Shooting

Pistol shooting is a fun and practical skill to develop. Like any skill, it takes time and effort to improve. There are multiple aspects of shooting well that you should know and train in order to build a stronger skillset over time.

Some key aspects of pistol shooting include:

1. Stance & Position

Stance and position go hand in hand and describe how you position your body relative to your target. Many different elements are involved in this, from your feet up to your head. You’ll want to consider how much you’re bending your knees, your angle relative to the target, your arm position, and other factors. Different types of shooting have different ideal positions.

2. Grip

A proper firing grip is more involved than simply holding the pistol how you would naturally. In fact, most people’s “natural” way of holding a gun is completely ineffective for shooting. Having consistent tension in your grip helps minimize the effects of recoil while shooting. You’ll also need to consider finger placement. Of course, keep your trigger finger out of the trigger guard until you’re ready to fire. This is important for both safety and technique.

3. Sight Alignment

Your pistol’s sights need to be in alignment in order for you to shoot accurately. What this means is that the front sight post should be centered within the rear sight notch, as well as being even at the top. You need to maintain this alignment while firing.

4. Trigger Control

As you pull the trigger to fire, you should apply steady building pressure. Trigger control and sight alignment work together because in order to maintain sight alignment while shooting, you need to have good trigger control. Grip is also important for trigger pull technique, as a strong grip prevents you from jerking the gun while firing.

5. Breathing

Breathing properly while shooting sharpens your vision, keeps you calm, and helps you focus. It also helps minimize the amount you move the pistol while aiming and firing. Relaxing and breathing slowly and consistently can help improve your shooting technique.

The Mental Aspect Of Shooting

Once you’ve worked on the physical skills that go into shooting, the mental aspect begins to play a larger role. Having the discipline to train regularly and improve your skills can take you from okay to great. Routine is important for this, as is the ability to analyze your past performance.

It’s also essential to be honest about your goals and expectations. If your main motivation for learning how to shoot well is to protect yourself if the worst-case scenario ever occurs, your training regimen will be different from someone aiming to become a professional marksman or from a hunter. These goals may also overlap, which will influence where you should focus your attention.

Firearms Training

Professional training can help you get objective feedback on your shooting and hone your skills. The Hub offers a variety of one-on-one and class-based training at our Arizona gun stores.

Contact us today to learn more about our options for pistol shooting training.

Are Revolvers Obsolete?

Choosing a gun is a significant and personal decision. Which options are best will depend on what your needs and preferences are. When you’re looking for a handgun, your two broad options are a semi-automatic pistol or a revolver. Although you may hear some people claim that revolvers are obsolete, the truth is more complicated. Like any gun, revolvers are well-suited to some applications and less than ideal for others.

Why Do Some Claim That Revolvers Are Obsolete?

There are two main definitions of obsolete: no longer in use or outdated. The first obviously doesn’t apply to revolvers. The second is somewhat debatable. Technically, revolvers use older technology and they do have some downsides compared to newer pistols.

One of the most significant cons of a revolver is the lower capacity. A revolver can only fire five or six shots before it needs to be reloaded. Pistol capacities vary, but some can hold up to 17 rounds. The average number of shots fired in a self-defense scenario is between two and four, so in the “average” encounter, the lower capacity of a revolver doesn’t make a difference.

However, in some situations, especially in a military or law enforcement context, being able to fire more rounds before reloading is significant. This is why police departments and the military use pistols instead of revolvers in most cases.

Although the issue of capacity is one of the most talked-about relating to revolvers, there are other downsides to consider. Revolvers are often less customizable and have fewer features than newer models.

Benefits of Revolvers

Despite having some downsides, revolvers also have many benefits and continue to be a popular choice.

Some of the benefits of revolvers include:


Revolvers are able to use larger caliber cartridges and this makes them a great choice for those who need high power. In particular, revolvers are popular for outdoorsmen, as they are more easily able to take down a large animal compared to a pistol.


The reliability of revolvers is one of the reasons for their continued popularity. Revolvers are known to rarely malfunction, even if the owner does not regularly maintain the weapon.


A revolver is easy to operate, especially if someone with a limited understanding of firearms. Many individuals who want a gun for self-defense but don’t want to invest too much time into training choose a revolver for this reason, although ideally, you should still get training and put effort into honing your skills with any gun.


Revolvers are often smaller and easier to conceal than pistols. As a result, they can be a great choice for concealed carry, either as a primary gun or even as a backup.

Find Your Next Gun At The Hub

At The Hub, we have a variety of high-quality firearms available, including pistols and revolvers. Whatever your personal preference may be, you can find what you are looking for at our Arizona gun stores.

Visit us today to browse our selection of revolvers, pistols, and other weapons.

Seven Tips To Improve Your Shooting Accuracy As A Beginner

Are you new to the handgun world? If so, keep reading to discover some simple techniques for improving your shooting accuracy.

Whether you are a novice or a seasoned shooter, there is always growth potential. Learning how to shoot better will enhance your experience at the range or the outdoors. Fortunately, this article can assist you in taking your shooting abilities to the next level.

We’ll look at shooting tips that will help everyone, regardless of skill level, improve their accuracy.

Tips To Improve Your Shooting Accuracy As a Beginner

1. Take It Easy

Slowing down is the first step to bettering your aim. Everyone wants to shoot fast, yet firing fast always means sacrificing precision. Slow down and focus on the fundamentals of marksmanship if your target starts to appear like it’s been blasted with a shotgun.

Once you’ve mastered the rhythm and precision of firing slowly, you may begin to increase the tempo.

2. Dry Fire

Dry fire practice allows you to hone your skills without using ammunition.

Steps for dry fire practice drills:

  • Unload your weapon. Examine and feel the chamber to ensure it is empty. All live ammunition should be kept in a separate area.
  • Make a target.
  • When you’re finished, check and feel to make sure the chamber is emptied again.
  • Carry on with your practice.

3. Trigger Management

When shooting, trigger control is critical. To have full trigger control, we need to create an “unexpected break.” This break is characterized as applying equal and progressive pressure on the trigger until the hammer falls unexpectedly.

When you miss a “surprise break,” the round normally lands someplace other than the bullseye. Again, a surprise break is essential; the trigger finger operates and functions independently of the rest of your body. To avoid Glock malfunction , make sure that the trigger spring is not broken or a problematic one.

4. Correct Pistol Grip

The firing hand grips the weapon by positioning the web of the firing hand high on the pistol grip and wrapping all fingers save the trigger finger around the weapon’s pistol grip. Unless the weapon is pointed at a target, the trigger finger is placed alongside the lower receiver.

This grasp should be all-encompassing. A suitable pistol grip allows for the most surface contact between your hands and the grip of the gun. It will enable a positive rebound and follow-up.

In a nutshell, a solid grip will allow you to steady the rifle enough to target the current shot, and then you’ll be right back in position to do as little reading or follow-through as feasible.

5. Test Out The “Ball And Dummy Drill”

The ball and dummy exercise is an excellent practice for observing the slight dip that occurs when you unintentionally fire the fake round. This is known as the “flinch.” Loading dummy and live ammo and firing a few rounds helps you become more conscious of how you pull the trigger each time.

The combination of live and dummy ammunition improves focus, resulting in improved follow-through and smaller groupings. It’s another method of requiring you to draw the trigger smoothly and deliberately every time since you never know what sort of ammo is going to come next.

6. Attend A Firearms Training Course

There is no alternative to the benefits of a professional firearms teacher and Handgun 101 Class for your handgun aim! There are dozens of small processes that combine to make a swift and precise shot, from equipment setup and drawing to the final break of the trigger.

Having a firearms teacher break down your shot and provide constructive feedback on how to improve and link steps together will help you improve your shooting.

Beyond the marksmanship abilities required to execute a single shot from a fixed posture, complexity increases when many bullets are fired, a stressor is included, mobility is introduced, and so on. Also, make sure of your Glock slide-back plates so that you don’t take the wrong Glock to your firearms course.

7. Learn The Correct Trigger Squeeze/Press

Despite being one of the most crucial components of pistol shooting, the trigger pull is frequently overlooked by both novice and veteran shooters. If you get your sights aligned and your shot is still straying to the left or right, an incorrect trigger pull is most likely to blame.

Most handgun teachers recommend pressing the trigger with the middle of your fingertip and the first knuckle joint. However, depending on your hand and finger size, this may vary from person to person. Better keep your Glock magazine base plates clean for faster reloads.

Find All Your Firearm Needs At The Hub

The Hub’s Arizona gun stores offer firearm training as well as a wide selection of handguns and other firearms.

Visit us today to see all we have to offer.

Budgeting Tips for Gun Buyers

Gun buyers have a wide range of needs and budget is often a consideration. Whether you’re buying a gun for the first time or adding a new piece to your collection, you may have a budget you’re trying to stick to during this process. The tips in this article can help you find a firearm that fits your needs without breaking the bank.

1. Don’t Buy A Gun Just Because It’s Cheap

To start off with, it’s important to understand that there’s a difference between budgeting effectively for a firearm purchase and simply choosing the cheapest gun you can find. While a cheap gun may seem like a good choice at first, it may require more maintenance down the line. Even worse, it could fail when you need it most. This doesn’t necessarily mean that every inexpensive gun is poorly made, either. The point is to consider more than just the price during the purchasing process.

2. Know Your Needs, And Reflect These In Your Budget

You’ve probably heard this advice before, but it bears repeating. It’s impossible to determine the best gun for your needs unless you know what those needs are. The process for selecting a firearm for concealed carry will look very different than choosing a gun for big game hunting.

Once you know your needs, do some research on the range of prices for these types of guns. This will help you set reasonable expectations for how much you will likely need to spend.

3. Start With The Essentials

Firearms serve many purposes and sometimes, your purpose in buying a gun is to find something new and exciting for your collection. However, if you’re on a budget, the “cool factor” of a given firearm is likely not a priority. Instead, make a list of the essential features you are looking for in a gun, and make sure the firearms you are looking at check off all those boxes before looking at fancy add-ons. If you have money left in your budget, you can start to consider upgrades and higher-end models, but it’s best to start with the basics.

4. Consider a Used Gun

Purchasing a used firearm can help you find what you are looking for at a lower price point than a new model. However, you should feel confident in your gun knowledge so you can properly vet the used gun before you purchase it. It also helps to work with a trusted dealer.

5. Ask For Help

If you have a price range you’re comfortable with but aren’t sure where to start, asking for help is a great way to find a gun that will work for you. Whether you ask the friendly associates at your local gun store or talk to a friend, they can give you options that meet your needs while staying within your budget.

Browse Our Firearm Selection

At The Hub, we have everything from reasonably-priced entry-level guns to high-end and hard-to-find models. Whether you’re an expert or a first-time buyer, we’re here to help you every step of the way.

Visit us in Tucson, Lakeside, or Phoenix to see our available firearms.

Selecting The Right Gun Size

There are many factors to consider in order to select the right gun for you. One variable to keep in mind is gun size. A gun that is too small may not be powerful enough for the task you need to accomplish, whereas a gun that is too large may be difficult to conceal. It’s important to find a balance between your various needs and preferences when you are choosing a firearm.

There are two factors someone might be talking about when they mention the “size” of a gun, depending on the context. The first is, of course, the actual physical size: how large or small the gun is and how much it weighs. The other is the caliber, which is the size of ammunition the gun shoots. You’ll need to think about both of these during the gun selection process.

Here are some tips for selecting the right gun size:

1. Know What Your Gun’s Primary Purpose Is

Any decision about which gun to purchase should be based on the primary reason you want that firearm. A common analogy is to think about guns like you think about vehicles. It’s impossible to say what vehicle is the best purchase for someone without knowing what their needs are. A truck that is great for a business owner who needs to haul heavy-duty loads likely won’t work well for a parent with multiple young children, for example. Likewise, a gun that is great for concealed carry and self-defense may not be suitable for big game hunting.

2. Consider Recoil

The larger the caliber of a gun, the more intense the recoil will be. The relationship between physical gun size and recoil may be different from what you’d expect. The smaller the gun is, the more recoil it will have. This is because as the surface size and weight decrease, the firearm doesn’t absorb as much of the recoil force as it could at a larger size. For individuals with more firearm experience and who are physically larger, recoil may not be much of an issue. However, if you’re new to guns or have a small stature, this could be a more significant factor.

3. For Concealed Carry, Balance Power, Usability, and Concealability

If you want to carry a gun for self-defense, you’ll need to consider your gun’s stopping power, its usability in a high-stress situation, and its concealability. These factors may conflict, so it’s important to find a balance that works for you. For example, a smaller gun may be easier to conceal without altering your style of dress, but it will typically have less stopping power. It may also be harder to operate a small gun in a high-stress situation, depending on how large your hands are.

4. Try Before You Buy

It’s hard to determine how well a gun fits in your hand and how easy it is for you to use if you don’t try it out. If possible, take a gun to the range before purchasing it, either through a gun store that allows you to test their guns or with a friend who has a firearm you’re interested in.

When you purchase from The Hub, we offer a discount if you purchase a gun after trying it at our shooting range.

Find All Your Firearm Needs At The Hub

Our Arizona gun stores have everything you need related to guns, and you can also find us online. Our experts are happy to help you choose the best gun for you and you can try many of our options before you buy them at our Tucson and Lakeside shooting ranges.

Visit The Hub gun stores today.

Understanding Shotgun Shell Terms

When you’re first getting into the world of firearms, understanding all the different terminology can be confusing. In particular, shotgun shell terms can be difficult for new shooters to pick up. While definitions related to other types of ammunition or styles of firearms seem more straightforward, the terms used to describe shells may not be as clear at first. Luckily, they’re easier to understand than you may think, and this article can help you learn some of the most common shotgun shell definitions you should know.

Shell Size/Gauge

One of the more straightforward descriptions relating to shotgun shells is the “gauge”, which is the size of the shotgun bore and therefore the size of shells that work with that type of shotgun. While some rifle and pistol calibers have interchangeable counterparts, shotgun gauges cannot be switched out for one another.

The gauge is determined by the number of lead balls equal to the approximate diameter of the shotgun bore that it would take to weigh one pound. For example, for a 12-gauge shotgun, it would take 12 lead balls with the same diameter as the bore to equal one pound. This means that the higher the number, the smaller the bore/shells are.

Common gauges include 10-gauge, 12-gauge, 16-gauge, 20-gauge, and 28-gauge. One exception is the .410 round, which does not actually use the gauge system. The proper name for this size of shell is “.410 bore.”

Shot, Slug, and Shell

Up until now, we’ve been talking about shells. These are the units that you load into a shotgun. Within the shell, the part that actually fires out of the barrel is either a slug or shot. This is similar to how a cartridge is the full unit you load into a gun, but the bullet is the part that leaves the barrel – although many people still incorrectly use these terms interchangeably.

Shot is the term for multiple small pellets, and there are different sizes of the pellets that are indicated when you are purchasing ammunition. You choose the type of shot depending on what you are using it for. Like with gauges, a smaller number indicates a bigger pellet. There are also different types of shot, which we’ll discuss more a little later.

A slug is a solid projectile that you can fire from a shotgun. You would typically use this for hunting big game.

Types of Shot

There are three main types of shot to be aware of:

Target Load

This type of shot is, as the name implies, usually used for target shooting. Number 7 1/2, 8, and 9 sizers are most popular, and 7 1/2 is most commonly used for typical clay shooting.


Birdshot also has a straightforward name. It’s best used for hunting birds and other small game like snakes, rodents, and various critters. You may find this type of shot labeled by number (indicating, as we mentioned, the pellet size) or by the type of game it is best for. Most experts agree that this type of shot is not ideal for home defense.


This type of shot is more suited to large game and for home defense. It is labeled by number the same way that target load and birdshot will be. You can also find “ought” sizes, which are #0, #00, and #000 and are larger than other numbers, and typically more readily available. #00 buck is the most common.

Find Shotgun Shells and More At The Hub

At The Hub, you can find everything you need for shotguns and for other types of firearms as well. We’re your one-stop gun shop, and if you are ever unsure of what you need, our friendly associates are happy to help. Whether you’re a new gun owner or a seasoned shooter, you can count on us.

Visit us at one of our Arizona gun stores today to purchase shotgun shells and other gun-related items.

What is Plinking?

Whether you are a novice with a firearm or have children showing interest in learning to shoot, plinking may be for you. It teaches you gun principles like accuracy and speed shooting with no stress or competition. Follow along as we define plinking, its benefits, and safety tips.

Defining Plinking

Plinking is a term that describes recreational shooting with low-caliber rifles. It often involves shooting aluminum cans, but most objects, such as paper and pieces of wood, also work as targets. This form of target practice got its name from the “plinking” sound a can makes when hit. It is typically done more for leisure than to hone skills and often takes place in the woods, at home, or in other open spaces.

Benefits of Plinking

Plinking has many benefits, whether you are a hunter working on your accuracy, teaching your children how to shoot, or just want to have a good time with friends.

Keeps Shooting Exciting

Target practice with traditional paper targets can get repetitive. One of the many benefits of plinking is that you can keep it exciting by using nearly anything as a target, from corks to golf balls to empty bottles.

Shooting Practice/Training

Plinking can also help you brush up on your aim and accuracy. To prepare for the hunting season, you can hide targets in certain areas of the woods and practice shooting.

Inexpensive Hobby

Another advantage of plinking is that it’s an inexpensive hobby. Since you can use almost any found object as a target, you don’t have to purchase any if you don’t want to. You can also reuse most targets over and over.

Tips For Plinking Safety

Although it is informal target shooting, it is still crucial that you are safe while plinking.

Follow these three tips to practice plinking safely:

1. Define Your Shooting Area

Defining your shooting area is a priority. Before you start plinking, carefully identify and delineate the region to ensure you are in an open space that is safe and free of objects you could damage. Additionally, keep your distance from neighbors and businesses, as it can be a loud activity. You should be aware of any restrictions in the area you are shooting as well – plinking is often more feasible in rural areas.

2. Restrict Access to the Site

Another safety precaution is restricting access to your plinking site. Take measures to avoid anyone entering the line of fire, such as locking the doors when training in an enclosed area or attaching signs nearby your shooting area. You mustn’t allow children to enter during this activity unless an adult supervises them while they learn to shoot.

3. Use Steel Targets

While you can use nearly any object for plinking, steel targets are often preferred. Steel is a thick, durable material that is resistant to bullet impacts. Be wary of targets like glass bottles, as shards of glass can go flying when the bottle explodes. It is also harder to clean up a glass target than a steel one.

Shop For Your Firearms in Tucson

Whether you are a first-time gun owner or want to add a firearm to your collection, The Hub has something for everyone. Our Lakeside and Tucson locations have an extensive selection of guns, parts, and accessories ranging in price to fit any budget. We also offer various training classes related to gun ownership and self-defense.

Contact us today to learn more about our firearm selection or tactical training options.

Firearm Accessories: Essentials vs Extras

There are many types of firearm accessories available. Shopping for new additions to your collection is exciting for new and experienced gun owners alike. However, with so many accessories on the market, it can be hard to determine what is essential and what is just a fun extra. Of course, there’s nothing wrong with purchasing a new item just because it’s cool, but it’s helpful to know the difference so you can plan and make sure you have what you need first.

Here are some questions to ask to distinguish between firearm accessories that you need and those that are just for fun:

1. Is This Accessory Necessary To Use Your Weapon Properly?

Depending on how you plan to use your firearm, some accessories are non-negotiable. For example, if you plan to conceal carry, you’ll need a holster, period. Even if you’re keeping your firearm in a bag, a holster helps keep it secure and easy to access. The type of holster will depend on the method of carrying you prefer, and it may be helpful to have a few options for different styles of dress.

Cleaning supplies are another example of something you should have on hand with your firearm. If you don’t clean your gun, it won’t work properly and can put you in danger.

2. What Purpose Does the Accessory Serve?

Each accessory serves a purpose, even if it’s just for aesthetics. For example, does it help you transport the firearm more easily? Does it help improve visibility for hunting? Does it make reloading faster? Knowing what this purpose is, or if the accessory has multiple purposes, can help you determine if it is necessary.

3. Can You Test The Accessory?

If you can test out the accessory or something similar before you buy it, it’s often easier to determine how helpful it is. You may be able to do this at a gun store for some items, or if you have a friend that already has the accessory you’re interested in, you can ask them if you can try it. This is easier for some items than others. You can typically try on a holster, for example, but there may be regulations that make it harder to try a suppressor without paying the tax stamp first.

4. What Do Others Have to Say?

Read reviews online, ask the associates at your favorite gun shop, and/or talk to your friends about the accessory you’re interested in. Getting advice can give you insight into what others think and how much use they’ve gotten out of it. If everyone you know hardly uses the item, it may not be worthwhile. However, if they feel like it’s improved their shooting experience, it may be a better idea to look into purchasing it.

The Bottom Line

Of course, deciding whether or not to purchase a new accessory for your firearm is subjective. At the end of the day, if you’re interested in something and want to try it out, you should do whatever makes you happy. Even accessories that aren’t purely functional can improve your experience, even if it’s only because they look badass and are fun to own.

To browse our selection of firearm accessories at The Hub, visit us online or at one of our Arizona gun stores.

What is a Gun Belt?

A gun belt is an integral part of your concealed carry system. This accessory’s design supports the weight of your gun and magazine for comfortable carry. Comfort is only the beginning; wearing a gun belt for concealed carry has plenty of other benefits.

Gun Belt vs Regular Belt

A gun belt is a belt with a combination of features that help with the following:

  • Keeping your pants up under the weight of a firearm
  • Keeping your holster in place when you draw
  • Fitting with or without a firearm
  • Resisting stretching over time

Although they may look similar at first glance, a gun belt and a regular belt have a few substantial differences.


The main difference between gun belts and regular belts is stability. A typical belt is only meant to hold your pants in place and will eventually sag or move into a less than ideal position under the weight of a gun. Unlike other belts, a gun belt can accommodate the weight of your firearm. This belt will not slide down and cause printing, which is when the outline of your gun becomes visible through your pants.

Superior Materials

Gun belts and regular belts also differ in the quality of materials used to make them. Gun belts feature strong materials like nylon or high-quality leather that hold their shape and fit. The stitching is another element. While a regular belt uses nylon thread, a gun belt is stitched together with military-grade polyester thread that will not stretch or succumb to UV rays or the elements.

Easily Adjustable

Additionally, a gun belt is more easily adjustable than a regular belt. Most belts have a traditional prong buckle, which is not ideal for concealed carry. While some gun belts also feature this buckle type, most employ belt snaps and are more user-friendly.

Benefits of a Gun Belt

There are many reasons why a gun belt makes sense for a handgun holder who wants to conceal-carry their firearm.

Higher Comfort Level

One of the main benefits of using a gun belt is the comfort level. Tucking a firearm into your pants or pockets can become painful when you sit or bend and cause your pants to droop throughout the day. A well-fitting belt keeps your pants from sagging and is ideal for those who everyday carry (EDC).

Safety and Security

When you carry a handgun, you must ensure that your weapon doesn’t accidentally drop to the ground. Although most firearms have mechanisms to prevent drop-fires, accidents still occur. Gun belts help prevent this. Most holsters attach to these belts and reduce the chance of your gun falling out.

Ease of Draw

The ease with which you draw your concealed weapon from your holster can be a matter of life or death. Flimsy, regular belts can inhibit your ability to draw your gun smoothly during an emergency. A tactical gun belt is sturdy and built to allow ease of draw.

Supports Extra Magazines

Gun belts have tactical advantages as well. In addition to supporting the weight of a firearm, they can also carry accessories like extra magazines. This feature ensures you have everything you need for concealed carry at your fingertips.

Earn Your Concealed Carry Weapon Permit

Before you purchase a concealed weapon, you must earn your concealed carry weapon (CCW) permit. At The Hub, we can help you get your Arizona permit. Our Tucson and Lakeside locations offer classes that cover the basics of self-defense laws and firearm safety. We also have several other gun training courses.

To earn your CCW permit, contact The Hub today.

Tips for Staging Firearms

If your home gets broken into, you won’t have the luxury of knowing in advance when it will happen. This means that unless you plan ahead for the worst-case scenario, you may not have easy access to your gun(s). Staging firearms is an important part of a home defense plan, and it’s important to keep safety and security in mind during this process.

Here are some tips for staging firearms in your home:

1. Consider Wearing Your Gun at Home

The easiest way to ensure you have access to your gun quickly should you need it is to keep it on your person. Not everyone is comfortable with this option, but if you are already carrying a concealed firearm outside of the house, it’s not a major adjustment to keep it on at home as well. You may need to adapt your method of carrying for more casual styles of clothing, but it is doable. However, whether this option works for you will ultimately depend on your particular preferences.

2. Think About the Layout Of Your Home

Staging firearms doesn’t have a one-size-fits-all solution because every home is different. As a starting point, think about where an intruder might enter your home. The front door is a clear option, but also consider any accessible windows and the patio door. You don’t want to be in a situation where you’re cut off from all the rooms where you’ve staged your guns and considering different scenarios helps you identify when this may be the case.

3. Identify Where You Spend the Most Time

In addition to thinking about the route a potential intruder may take, it’s also important to consider where in the house you’re most likely to be at any given time. These rooms are where you should focus your staging efforts.

For many people, the top rooms will be:

  • Master Bedroom: Intruders often target houses at night when they expect you to be asleep. When storing guns in your bedroom, it’s important to balance ease of access and safety. One tip is to have a tactical flashlight available at your bedside. This is a safe item to have accessible and makes illuminating your room to get your safe quicker.
  • Kitchen and Dining Room: If you spend a lot of time cooking, having a safe in the kitchen is a good idea.
  • Living Room: This is a common space for families to spend time together and if you’re in this area often, you’ll want to consider it when staging firearms.

4. Choose Firearms Carefully

The type of gun you choose makes a big difference in how practical your home defense plan is, and you may want to have different options available in different rooms. For example, a long gun is probably not as good of a fit in the kitchen, both because of the limited storage space and because you’re more likely to be in a close-quarters situation if an attacker corners you here.

5. Always Use a Gun Safe

You may be tempted to choose staging options that give you the quickest possible access to your gun, such as keeping it in a drawer in your bedroom. However, this is not a good idea. If you have children in the house, this does little to prevent them from accessing your firearms. Even if you live alone or only with other adults you’d trust to use your gun, firearms are a major target for thieves. You don’t want to have such a weapon in a place that anyone you don’t authorize can easily get to it.

There are many gun safes available that use biometrics, radio frequency identification (RFID), or other high-tech methods to help you access your weapons quickly in an emergency. You should also practice how you would get to your firearms to ensure your staging is as effective as possible. Additionally, be sure any safe you use is bolted down so thieves don’t simply take the whole safe.

Your Source for Firearms in Arizona

If you need new firearms or accessories for staging, The Hub can help. We have an extensive selection at our three Arizona gun stores. We also offer classes to help you hone your skills, and our Tucson store has a MILO simulator so you can practice tactical decision-making in worst-case scenarios.

Visit The Hub’s Arizona gun stores today.

What is an FFL Transfer?

If you’ve ever purchased a gun online, you have probably heard of Federal Firearm Licensee (FFL) transfers. This is a necessary process to receive a firearm after an online purchase. It’s important to understand how this process works so you know what to expect.

Note that this article is for informational purposes only, and does not constitute legal advice. If you have any legal questions regarding an FFL transfer, consult with an attorney.

What is an FFL?

To understand what FFL transfers are, you’ll need to know what FFLs are. This acronym stands for Federal Firearm Licensee in the context of transfers, but can also stand for Federal Firearm License. This is required for a business to sell and ship guns in the United States, and there are various types of licenses that allow the sale and shipment of different types of weapons, such as National Firearms Act (NFA) regulated items.

Why are FFL Transfers Necessary?

In the United States, guns can only ship between FFLs. This is because there are specific requirements for background checks and identification when purchasing a firearm. If a gun were simply shipped from an online retailer to your door, it wouldn’t be possible to complete this verification. It would also leave the weapon vulnerable to being stolen. An FFL transfer ensures the gun is secure and all legal requirements for the transfer are met.

How to Complete an FFL Transfer

If you purchase a gun online and need to transfer it, your first step is to contact an FFL. It’s important to arrange the process ahead of time so no one is surprised or confused by a purchase showing up.

Next, the FFL you are shipping to will need to fax or email a copy of their license to the party you purchased the gun from.

When the gun shows up at the FFL’s shop, they will log it into their inventory and inform you when the item is ready for you to pick up. At this time, you’ll need to come in and complete all necessary background check paperwork, just as you would if you purchased the firearm in person. You will also need to pay the transfer fee and any applicable state fees or taxes.

What About NFA Items?

Since NFA items are more regulated than a typical firearm, you need to be aware of the rules for FFL transfers involving them. First and foremost, you’ll need to make sure you complete the transfer through a dealer who is licensed for NFA items. This is known as a Class 3 License. You’ll also need to fill out additional paperwork and pay the tax stamp to receive the item. Most FFLs will charge more for these types of transfers since there is more paperwork on their side.

FFL Transfers at The Hub

If you need to transfer a firearm you purchased online through a licensed dealer, The Hub can help. All of our locations offer FFL transfers, and you can start the process online in just a few simple steps. If you don’t want to go through the process of a transfer, we also have an extensive selection of firearms at our stores, including NFA items.

Contact us today to learn more about FFL transfers in Phoenix, Lakeside, or Tucson, Arizona.

What is Self-Defense Liability Insurance?

Having a firearm may help you protect yourself in the worst-case scenario. Hopefully, you’ll never have to actually use your gun to defend yourself, but if you do, it’s important to be prepared. Even if it seems like the situation was a straightforward case of self-defense, you may face criminal charges after using your firearm.

Having a skilled attorney to defend you and help you during the process of clearing your name is highly valuable. However, it’s also likely to be expensive. This is where self-defense liability insurance, also called concealed carry insurance, comes in. These policies can help cover the costs of legal representation if you use your gun to defend yourself or your loved ones. They also often cover defense and damages in civil court, as well as other expenses.

Note that this article is for informational purposes only, and does not constitute legal advice.

What Self-Defense Liability Insurance Covers

Coverage varies depending on the provider and policy you choose for your concealed carry insurance.

Some of the expenses a policy may cover include:

  • Civil Defense & Damages: In addition to facing criminal charges, you may face a suit in civil court for damages due to firing your gun in self-defense. Many policies offer coverage for defense against civil suits and for coverage of damages.
  • Criminal Defense: If you’re charged with a crime (such as aggravated assault or homicide) due to a self-defense incident, you’ll likely want to hire a criminal defense attorney. Some policies offer money toward a retainer or legal fees in criminal court.
  • Bail Bond: Your concealed carry insurance may offer assistance with covering a bail bond, if necessary.
  • Compensation For Time In Court: Even if your legal expenses are covered, you’ll likely have to take time off work to defend yourself in court, which can put a strain on your finances. Some self-defense liability insurance policies offer reimbursement for time spent in court.

Depending on the policy, you may be reimbursed after the fact or get these funds during the legal process. It’s generally best to find a policy that helps you during your defense rather than after, as many people do not have the resources available to fund a legal battle without assistance.

Situations Not Covered by Concealed Carry Insurance

It’s important to be aware that self-defense liability insurance does not protect anyone who has committed a crime. This means that the incident in which a firearm was used must actually be self-defense. If the court determines that it was not, coverage will cease.

Is Self-Defense Liability Insurance Worth It?

Concealed carry insurance is a great way to protect yourself legally and financially if the worst-case scenario occurs and you need to use your firearm for self-defense. You should be sure to read the policy you are interested in to determine what its limitations are, but for the most part, this type of insurance is a great investment.


The Hub is a proud partner of the United States Concealed Carry Association (USCCA). They offer self-defense training as well as liability insurance for responsible gun owners.

To learn more about USCCA’s self-defense liability insurance, visit their website.

The History of Handguns

In the last two years, firearm purchases have accelerated. The number of adults who became first-time gun owners doubled compared to 2019, according to a survey in the Annals of Internal Medicine. A significant percentage of those sales were handguns, which are typically used for self-defense or target practice. If you are considering purchasing a handgun, you may be interested in learning more about their history.

What is a Handgun?

A handgun is a short-barreled firearm that is designed to be held and fired with one hand. Many handguns are semi-automatic. These firearms use the energy from a fired bullet to eject the spent casing and get the next round ready to fire in the chamber. Others use a manual action.

A pistol is type of handgun that is designed with the chamber as part of the barrel of the gun. Many modern pistols are semi-automatic but they can also be single-shot, striker-fired, hammer-fired, and break-action.

A revolver is a handgun in which the user must manually cock the hammer to fire it. You can purchase single-action and double-action revolvers, which differ in the ease of the trigger pull.

The First Firearm

To understand the history of the handgun, you must first understand the origins of modern firearms. The first firearm is believed to have been developed in China in the 10th century. These fire lances, or metal or bamboo tubes filled with gunpowder and attached to the end of a spear, laid the building blocks for cannons in the 1300s. Cannons later evolved into hand cannons, which developed into modern firearms in the 15th century.

The Evolution of Handguns

The first mechanism invented to facilitate a hand-held firearm was the matchlock. It held a slow-burning match in a clamp that dropped down to ignite the gunpowder when the user pulled the trigger. The next big advancement that aided the development of the handgun was the invention of the wheel lock. This tool created a mechanical spark to propel the bullet forward rather than relying on a burning wick.

The first practical and mass-produced handgun, the Colt revolver, came a few centuries later in the 1830s. Up until this point, handguns were only carried by the upper class because they were expensive and had limited uses. The Colt revolver, invented by Samuel Colt, was capable of firing five shots in rapid succession. It revolutionized handguns by reducing reload time and making them available to a larger population.


The revolving chambers used in the Colt revolver meant the user had to manually pull back the hammer to use the next bullet. Semi-automatic guns were created to ease the hassle of reloading. What is believed to be the first automatic pistol was designed by Joseph Laumann in the late 1800s. The Laumann 1891 was refined and began widespread use in the 1900s.

Today, handguns are widely circulated and used as sidearms for law enforcement officers and the military, as well as with civilians for self-defense and target practice.

Purchase a Handgun at The Hub

At The Hub, we offer a variety of handguns, from bolt-action to revolvers to semi-automatic. Our knowledgeable staff can assist both gun experts with in-depth questions as well as first-time gun owners who need basic information.

For more information on our handgun selection, visit The Hub today or browse our inventory online.

What is Bullet Grain?

If you are a new gun owner, you might have wondered what the abbreviation “gr” on the side of a box of ammo means. “Gr” indicates the grain of the bullet, which makes a big difference in how your weapon fires. Bullet weight is an important factor that can impact other variables like recoil, accuracy, and ballistics. Understanding grain will help you get the most out of your firearm.

Defining Bullet Grain

Bullet grain is equivalent to the weight of the projectile. It is an extremely small unit of measurement, equal to 1/7,000th of a pound or 1/437.5th of an ounce. For context, a sheet of paper weighs about 77 grains. A higher grain indicates a heavier bullet.

Why Is Bullet Grain Important?

Bullet grain is important to consider depending on what you are using your gun for. For activities like plinking and close-range shooting, the weight of the bullet does not have much of an effect on your performance. When you are using your firearm for self-defense, hunting, and precision shooting competitions, however, grain matters a lot.

The weight of the bullet can determine how well the shot will travel through the elements, including wind, rain, and even gravity. It is crucial to use the correct bullet grain when hunting in these conditions so your shots are as accurate as possible. For shooting competitions, precision is the key to success, and the right grain can make or break your shot.

Different Types of Bullet Grain

Ammunition comes in a wide range of sizes. Some of the smallest bullets weigh in at 15 grains, while others can be upwards of 700 grains. There are multiple bullet weights that are compatible with each caliber of gun. The most popular for 9mm loads are 115, 124, and 147 grains, while a classic AR-15 commonly uses 55-grain bullets.

How to Choose the Correct Bullet Weight

When choosing the correct bullet grain for your weapon, it is important to consider what you are using your gun for so you can weigh the pros and cons of light and heavy grains. For distance target shooting, lighter bullets are more effective, while heavy bullets are well-suited for self-defense and hunting big game.

Lighter Grain

Lighter grain ammunition generates more speed overall than heavy bullets. This results in maximum accuracy and a straighter trajectory over a longer distance.

While light grain bullets are fast, they sacrifice energy to maintain their accuracy. Less energy makes them more susceptible to wind and can be easily blown off-target. Light ammunition will also do less damage to your target.

Heavier Grain

Heavier grain bullets are way less affected by wind and other elements than light bullets are, making them a great option for hunting. Their weight generates a lot of stopping power as well, which better penetrates the target.

Due to their weight, however, heavy ammunition struggles to maintain the velocity needed for a stable flight path. They will not go the same distance that a lighter grain bullet will. Heavy bullets are also known to generate a greater recoil.

Your Source for Guns and Ammo in Arizona

The Hub is your source for all things firearms. We have a large selection of guns, ammunition, and accessories available. You can even try out different firearms at our shooting range and receive a discount if you choose to make a purchase.

To browse our inventory, visit us at any of our Arizona locations or look through our website.

Debunking Pop Culture Gun Myths

It is hard to imagine what cinema would be like without the portrayal of guns. They are included in almost every genre from westerns to action movies. However, the use of firearms in movies is not always accurate to how they actually function in real life. The unrealistic portrayal of guns in movies can lead to skewed expectations.

Here are four popular culture myths about guns and their reality:

Myth #1: Getting Shot Will Send You Flying Backward

Perhaps the most popular gun trope in movies is the good guy shooting a large gun and causing the bad guy to fly back when they are hit with the bullet. This can be seen in western and action movies like “Django Unchained,” “The Godfather 2,” and “The Terminator.” However, it is just a cinema trick to add dramatic effect.


A bullet does not have enough momentum or mass in comparison to a person to send them flying. According to Newton’s Third Law of Motion, every action has an equal and opposite reaction. This means that if a bullet had the force to send its human target flying, then the shooter would also fly backward due to the recoil of the gun. While some guns do have a powerful kick, it is not enough to knock someone down or send them through a wall.

Myth #2: Dropping a Gun Will Cause it to Fire

For many first-time gun owners, accidentally discharging their firearms is a big fear. They may not want to drop their weapon for fear of it firing. While a mechanical failure has the potential to make the gun fire without pulling the trigger, it is nearly impossible to make a firearm go off by dropping it. Mechanical failure is also very rare.


Modern guns are made drop safe, meaning that they go through testing to ensure that the chances of accidental discharge are very minimal. Older rifles do have different firing mechanisms than newer firearms, including pins that could potentially make the gun go off if dropped. However, that is also very unlikely.

In fact, it’s typically more dangerous to reach for a gun that is falling than to let it hit the ground. This is because you could accidentally pull the trigger in the process.

Myth #3: Every Bullet Causes Sparks When Fired

Another common cinematic effect is bullets creating sparks as they ricochet off objects. This can be seen in almost every action movie, especially during gunfights on the street where the characters are hiding behind vehicles. This does not occur in real life, though.


Sparks are added in during the movie editing process to help the viewer see what the bullet hit. Bullets will rarely ever spark in real life. Most are made from copper or lead, two safe metals with low thermal conductivity, meaning heat does not pass through them very easily. This makes their chances of sparking next-to none. Steel ammo might spark on occasion, but not often.

Myth #4: You Can Shoot a Rifle Right After Assembling it

An iconic scene from action movies is an assassin opening their sleek case and putting together a sniper rifle. Then, they take aim at their target and eliminate them with one shot. There is just one small problem with this film sequence, though.


In reality, a gun would need to be sighted after assembly. If not, it will not be nearly as accurate as it needs to be for the work of an assassin. The movie sequence just makes for a more dramatic scene than pulling out a fully assembled and sighted gun.

Your Firearm Source in Arizona

The Hub is your one-stop-shop for firearms. We have a wide variety of guns, as well as ammo and accessories such as gun safes. We also offer professional firearm training.

To purchase a firearm, contact The Hub at one of our locations or online today.

Types of Recreational Guns and Their Differences

Americans own guns for a variety of reasons, whether it is for sport or self-defense. In addition to firearms, many people also own what are known as recreational guns.

What Are Recreational Guns?

The category of reacreational guns includes air guns and airsoft guns. This definition also sometimes includes guns that are used for recreational purposes, such as hunting, shooting sports and competitions, and other hobbies. For the purpose of this blog, we’ll be using “recreational guns” to mean a non-powder gun.

Types of Recreational Guns

The two main types of recreational guns are airsoft and airgun. Each type has its own advantages.

Airsoft Guns

Airsoft guns are designed to resemble a traditional firearm, but instead of bullets, they shoot plastic pellets that are non-lethal. They are most often used for tactical simulation games that have a military environment. In these games, players fight against each other in mock combat. They can also be used for training and target practice.


Although the name is similar, an airgun is not the same as an airsoft gun. An airgun, also known as a pellet gun, is a firearm that uses compressed air to release a projectile, usually a plastic pellet. They can obtain their power in three ways: carbon dioxide, spring pistons, and pneumatics (air pressure used to move objects).

BB, pellet, and paintball guns all fall under the category of airgun.

BB Guns

A bullet ball gun, or BB gun, is a common type of airgun that shoots small steel or lead balls. They come in pistol form, as well as rifles. They are often used for target practice, pest control, or hunting small animals.

BB guns are also a good option to start out with for first-time gun owners and adolescents because they are low maintenance and have less power than a pellet gun.

Paintball Gun

Paintball guns are another form of airguns. They use carbon dioxide to shoot balls of paint at opponents during gameplay. The three main types of paintball guns are pump, mechanical, and electronic.

Pellet Gun

A pellet gun is an airgun that is designed to shoot non-spherical projectiles called pellets. It is used for sport and is another great option for those that are inexperienced with firearms.



The main difference between airsoft and airguns such as BB guns is their ammunition. BB guns shoot a metal ball that is dense and has the ability to puncture objects. These can leave bruises and welts, and even penetrate flesh. Airsoft guns fire plastic pellets, making them the safer option for recreation.


The two types of recreational guns also differ based on what they are used for. Airsoft guns are almost exclusively used for simulation situations, either gameplay or training for the military or SWAT. Airguns, on the other hand, are used more broadly for hunting, pest control, and target shooting.

Your Source for Firearms in Tucson

The Hub carries recreational guns, as well as a wide selection of firearms. Whether you’re a seasoned gun owner or looking to make your first firearm purchase, our experts can help determine what will work best for your needs. We offer training courses as well.

To find the right firearm or recreational gun for you, stop by one of our locations or contact us today.

How to Cultivate the Right Concealed Carry Mindset

2020 was a record year for both gun sales and concealed carry permit numbers, which rose over 10% more than the year before. Arizona is a constitutional carry state, meaning you don’t need a permit to carry a concealed weapon in public. With a rise in people carrying concealed weapons, however, comes a rise in the importance of educating yourself on the topic.

Along with being skilled with your firearm, there is another aspect that is just as important when it comes to regularly carrying a weapon: the concealed carry mindset. Developing a concealed carry mindset will make sure you are both physically and mentally ready, willing, and able to operate your firearm if needed.

What Does Having a Concealed Carry Mindset Mean?

Knowing how to practically use a firearm does not also prepare you for what it will be like to use it for actual self-defense. A concealed carry mindset is the belief that guides the ways in which you handle certain situations – in this case, using your concealed weapon to protect yourself. It can be the difference between life and death when the moment arises.

The Concealed Carry Mindset

Protecting Yourself

To cultivate your concealed carry mindset, you’ll need to do a bit of introspection. First, ask yourself why you want to carry a weapon. For most people, this comes from a desire to protect themselves. However, desire is not always enough – you need to make sure you are fully committed to self-defense and everything that comes along with it.

Next, try to imagine yourself drawing, pointing, and firing your weapon at an attacker. If you are unable to do so, you might need a bit more time to work on your mindset. Lastly, ask yourself if you believe it is moral to fire your weapon to protect your life. It should never be your goal to use your gun to stop the threat, but if the need arises, will you be able to live with that decision?

Committing to the Lifestyle

Having a concealed carry mindset requires committing to the lifestyle of an armed citizen. This means making the choice every morning to carry your gun on your person because a self-defense situation can occur anywhere and at any time. It also means dealing with smaller hassles that come along with carrying a firearm, such as uncomfortable gear to hold it, avoiding buildings that do not allow guns on their premise, and dressing in order to conceal your weapon. Although some things in your life will be hindered by concealed carry, the safety and peace of mind it provides will outweigh those hassles.

You Always Win the Fight That Didn’t Happen

Firing your weapon in an act of self-defense is a life-changing experience that shouldn’t be taken lightly. Another necessary part of the concealed carry mindset is understanding that just because you are carrying a weapon, doesn’t mean you are obligated to use it. Your firearm should only be used as a last-resort option in escalating situations.

It is important to be aware of your surroundings at all times, in case you can potentially de-escalate a situation before the need for self-defense arises. One way to do this is to move away from the threat you’ve identified and stay behind cover.

Firearms & Training at The Hub

Once you’ve honed in your mindset, visit The Hub to purchase your gun for concealed carry. The Hub has locations in Lakeside and Tucson, as well as a full selection of products online. We also offer firearms training, including concealed carry weapon (CCW) permit classes.

Contact The Hub today to learn more about earning your CCW and cultivating the right concealed carry mindset.

Steps to Take After Using a Gun for Self-Defense

One of the most common reasons to own a gun is to protect yourself if the worst-case scenario ever occurs. We sincerely hope that you are never in a situation where you need to use your gun for self-defense but if you are, it’s important to be prepared. This includes training so you can use your gun accurately, but it also includes being aware of the steps you should take after you’ve fired your weapon to defend yourself.

A quick note: we are not legal professionals, and this article is for informational purposes only and is not legal advice. If you have questions about legal self-defense, contact an attorney, as we are unable to provide legal counsel.

Some of the steps to take after using your gun in self-defense include:

1. Call 911, If You Haven’t Already

In some situations where you need to use a gun in self-defense, you may already be on the phone with 911. In other circumstances, things may have happened quickly before you had a chance to call first responders. If this is the case, call 911 as soon as it is safe to do so.

2. Consider How Law Enforcement Will See the Scene

Law enforcement officers typically have only basic information before they arrive at the scene. If they get there and see you holding a gun and see that someone else has been shot, they could assume you are the bad guy in this situation. It’s essential that you take the necessary steps to avoid appearing to be a threat to the officers.

If you can safely do so, put your gun down in a place where it is visibly not in your hands. Holstering it may also be an option depending on the circumstances. This should be obvious, but do not point the gun toward the officers, or toward the entrance they will be coming through. For one, this is breaking the rules of gun safety since it means you are pointing your gun at someone or something that isn’t your target, and additionally, it’s likely to dangerously escalate the situation.

When the officers arrive, keep your hands visible and do not make any sudden movements. You have to keep in mind that law enforcement officers are frequently sent into dangerous situations and have no way of knowing that you are not the bad guy at first, so don’t give them a reason to be wary of you.

3. Be Polite, But Exercise Your Right to Remain Silent

As a law-abiding gun owner using your firearm for self-defense, you’re likely confident in your side of the story. However, no matter how clear-cut the situation may seem, it’s best to exercise your right to remain silent until you speak with an attorney. Anything you say can be held against you in court, and in a high-adrenaline situation, it’s easy to say something you could regret later. Be polite to the law enforcement officers on the scene, but only share as much information as is absolutely necessary.

4. Contact an Attorney

As soon as possible after a self-defense situation, you should contact an attorney. If you’ve planned ahead and have concealed carry insurance or otherwise have contact information for a lawyer, this will be a bit easier. In any case, having a professional on your side is important, as self-defense cases are complex. Your attorney will help you determine what to do moving forward and will fight for your rights.

Firearms Training

While this article focuses on what to do after you need to use your firearm, the truth is that preparation makes a big difference in the unfortunate event that you ever need to do this. Again, we sincerely hope that isn’t the case, but it’s better to be safe than sorry. The Hub offers concealed carry weapons (CCW) permit classes and other types of firearms training, and we also have an innovative MILO range at our Tucson location that allows you to act out real-world defensive scenarios.

Visit The Hub today in Tucson, Lakeside, or Phoenix.

The History of AR-15s

AR-15s are one of the most iconic firearms and are very popular in the United States. Guns with this design are easily customizable, so it’s easy to find or build one that matches your preferences. If you are a fan of AR-15-style rifles, you may be interested to learn a bit more about their history.


The “AR” in the name of the AR-15 stands for “Armalite rifle,” not “assault rifle” or “automatic rifle” as some people mistakenly believe. The Armalite company started in the 1950s in Hollywood, California. Its founder, George Sullivan, had previously worked as the patent counsel for the Lockheed Corporation, which is now Lockheed Martin. Eugene Stoner was the head designer during this time and was responsible for the creation of the most iconic Armalite rifles, including the AR-15.

In 1954, the company designed their first weapon: the AR-5. This was a bolt-action rifle and was developed to be a survival rifle for United States Air Force flight crews. In 1955, Armalite designed the AR-10, the precursor of the AR-15.

The Creation of the AR-15

In the late 1950s, the United States Military replaced the M1 Garand. The AR-10 had originally been in the running, but the T44 was chosen instead and became the M14. However, during the early part of the Vietnam War, the M14 performed poorly, so the military began to look for a replacement.

In 1958, Armalite submitted the AR-15, a scaled-down version of the AR-10. This was found to be more reliable than the M14, but it was again passed over.

Sale to Colt

Armalite became frustrated with the lack of the sales of the AR-15 and other models and in 1959, they sold the design to Colt. Colt made some adjustments in order to facilitate mass production and began to market the weapons. Both civilian and military versions of the firearm were available in the 1960s and in 1963 and 1964, adapted versions of the AR-15, known as M16s, began to be used by the United States Military.

Patent Expiration

In 1977, Colt’s patent expired and various other manufacturers began to make copycats of the AR-15. However, Colt continued to have a trademark on the “AR-15” name. This is why you will only see rifles officially named “AR-15” if they are manufactured by Colt. Others are considered AR-15-style rifles and cannot technically use the AR-15 name, although many people still refer to them simply as AR-15s in informal settings.

Many parts can be exchanged among various AR-15-style rifles from different brands, and each option includes different features. This makes it easy to customize for your exact goals and desires. AR-15s are also relatively simple to build, which can be a fun project and opens up even more options for customization.

Purchase AR-15-Style Rifles

At The Hub, we offer a variety of AR-15-style firearms and our experts can help you determine which would be best for you. We are happy to help you whether you are an experienced gun enthusiast or a first-time buyer.

To learn more about the AR-15-style rifles we have available, visit us today in Tucson, Lakeside, Phoenix, or online.

Why You Need a Car Gun Safe

Gun ownership is both a right and a responsibility, and it’s important to take the steps to ensure only authorized individuals have access to your firearms. Having a gun safe in your home is a key element of this, but you should also have a car gun safe if you conceal carry.

Why You Might Need to Leave Your Gun in Your Car

Your first thought when debating whether you need a gun safe in your vehicle might be that you don’t need to worry about this because you always keep your gun on your person.

However, there may be circumstances when you need to make an unexpected stop at a federal facility (such as a post office, courthouse, or school) where firearms are prohibited, even for those with a concealed carry weapon (CCW) permit. Other businesses can also have signs indicating that firearms are prohibited, although enforceability may vary depending on the circumstances. (Note that we cannot give legal advice and that it is your responsibility as a gun owner to know where you can and cannot conceal carry your firearm.)

In these cases, you would need to leave your gun in your vehicle if you want to enter the building. Although you may be tempted to assume you can just avoid these places on principle, the reality is that there are many circumstances that could make it necessary to stop there at some point.

Why a Vehicle Gun Safe Is Important

Firearms are a major target for thieves and cars are vulnerable to break-ins more so than most homes. Even if you think no one saw you place your gun in the middle console or otherwise hide it in the vehicle, it’s still possible, and this opens the door for a crime of opportunity. A car gun safe, much like the variety that you keep in your home, keeps your firearms secure.

In some cases, a gun safe may also be required to travel through a certain state. Even with CCW reciprocity, you should research the laws of any states you are traveling to or through with a firearm.

How To Use A Car Gun Safe

Here are some tips for using a vehicle gun safe:

1. Keep The Safe Hidden

Even if your gun is in a safe, you don’t want to advertise its location by keeping that safe in plain view of anyone passing by. Instead, choose a location that is out of sight and make sure the safe is as inconspicuous as possible. This also means that you should be careful about transferring the gun to the safe and try to do this away from prying eyes as much as possible.

2. Attach the Safe To Your Car

At home, you want to keep your gun safe bolted down so criminals can’t simply walk away with it. The same is true for car gun safes. You should buy a safe that you can attach to the floor or even bolt to the frame of the car for optimum security.

3. Consider Your Individual Needs

If you rarely leave your gun in the car, you likely don’t need a high-tech safe. However, if you want to have your gun quickly accessible while also allowing for safe storage for long road trips or car journeys, you may want to look into more advanced safes. We are happy to discuss your options with you.

Guns and Accessories at The Hub

At The Hub, we offer a wide range of firearms and accessories, including safes for both your car and your home.

Visit us today in Phoenix, Lakeside, or Tucson, or browse our online gun shop.

Tips for Handling an Ammo Shortage

Through 2020 and 2021, there was a shortage of ammunition. This was due to a variety of factors including supply chain issues, material shortages, and skyrocketing demand. The shortage has continued in 2022 and this leaves many firearm enthusiasts wondering how to keep their skills sharp.

Here are some tips for managing this or any future ammo shortage:

1. Plan Ahead

This tip is obviously not applicable to the current shortage, but given that these shortages are often cyclical, it’s helpful to keep in mind for the future. When ammunition is available, consider grabbing a little bit more than you need so you can store it. This doesn’t mean you have to hoard large quantities of ammo or take way more than you need, but having a small stockpile can give you peace of mind. Be sure to store your ammo in a cool, dry location to prolong its lifespan.

2. Make Range Time Count

Whenever you use your ammunition to go to the range, make sure you make that time count. Have a goal in mind for your training and focus on this during your session. If you’re not sure what to focus on, investing in firearms training is a great way to pinpoint the areas you can most improve. Your instructor can also help you identify drills to hone your skills.

3. Dry Fire Practice

Dry fire is an excellent way to practice handling your firearms without using any ammo or going to the range. Adding dry fire to your routine is beneficial even when there is plenty of ammunition available, because you can easily fit in ten minutes of practice without needing to leave your house. You can keep your fundamental skills sharp and improve your muscle memory with simple drills.

Whenever you are dry firing, double-check that the gun is clear of ammunition before you start. Store any ammo in a separate room to avoid mix-ups. A chamber flag can be helpful as well.

Additionally, continue to follow the rules of gun safety even after you have ensured the gun isn’t loaded. This means you should never point your gun at anyone else and should only be aiming at a predetermined area or target. This may seem unnecessary since you know the gun isn’t loaded, but following gun safety rules should be second nature and the only way to achieve this is to make sure you always have these rules in mind.

4. Consider Reloading

Reloading can seem intimidating to get into at first, but it can be a great way to save money on ammo in the long run, whether there’s a shortage or not. The current shortage has also impacted the availability of reloading supplies to some extent, but it’s still possible to start learning this skill and to get some of the necessary equipment.

Buy Ammo at The Hub

The Hub is your one-stop gun shop. We have worked hard to make ammo available whenever possible throughout this shortage and also have a variety of firearms and accessories for sale.

Visit us today in Lakeside, Phoenix, or Tucson.

Understanding Gun Trusts

It’s important to be aware of gun laws in order to be a responsible firearm owner. This includes understanding the process for legally transferring firearms when the owner passes away. Gun trusts are one way to handle the inheritance of firearms, particularly those that fall under the National Firearms Act (NFA). They can also be helpful if you want to allow members of your family to use NFA items, which you cannot do legally without a trust.

Please be aware that this article is for informational purposes only and does not constitute legal advice. If you have any questions about gun trusts or other topics related to firearm laws, consult with an attorney.

What Is a Gun Trust?

A gun trust is a legal entity that owns firearms, as opposed to having an individual with ownership over these items. Multiple individuals can have access to the trust, and there are different levels of access they may have or conditions for them to gain access. For example, you could set up a trust to give access to your guns to your children after you pass away, or you could set up a trust where multiple living individuals share access to the firearms.

What Makes a Gun Trust Different From a Standard Trust?

A gun trust works similar to any other trust, in that you draft a document that dictates who has access to the items in the trust and under what conditions. The difference is that a gun trust takes into account the specific regulations that govern the transfer of firearms.

If you put a firearm in a generic trust, the executor of your estate may unknowingly break the law when transferring it if they are not familiar with firearm regulations. This is particularly relevant for NFA-regulated items, such as suppressors, short-barreled shotguns (SBSs), or short-barreled rifles (SBRs). Gun trusts are most common for these items, and depending on the circumstances, you may not need one if you only have non-NFA items. However, it is still best to speak with an attorney about your individual circumstances to determine whether setting up a trust for your firearms is best for you.

Co-Trustees for NFA Firearms

Beyond estate planning, one of the major benefits of a gun trust is that it allows co-trustees to possess and use items in the trust. For example, if you own a suppressor, you may want to let a family member or trusted friend borrow it at the range. This may seem harmless, but it is actually illegal since you are technically “transferring” the NFA item without the user paying the tax stamp or filling out the appropriate forms.

With a trust, all co-trustees would undergo the necessary checks to ensure they can legally possess firearms. The trust would then be the legal owner of the NFA firearms, meaning you would only need to pay the tax stamp once for anyone who is a part of the trust to use the items.

Your Source for NFA-Regulated Items

At The Hub, we specialize in items that other gun shops may not necessarily have, including NFA-regulated firearms and suppressors.

Visit us today in Tucson, Lakeside, or Phoenix to browse our extensive selection of guns and accessories.

All About Short-Barreled Shotguns

Short-barreled shotguns, also known as SBSs, are one of the types of guns that are regulated by the National Firearms Act (NFA). At The Hub, we specialize in NFA-controlled and hard-to-find items, including SBSs. We can help you find the perfect gun for you.

What Are Short-Barreled Shotguns?

The NFA defines a short-barreled shotgun as any shotgun with a barrel less than 18 inches long. This includes both shotguns that are made to have a short barrel or those that have been modified to reduce the barrel length.

This definition can sometimes be confusing and there are many guns that seem very similar to short-barreled shotguns but are not technically considered SBSs and therefore aren’t subject to the NFA requirements.

The intended firing position matters a great deal in this definition since shotguns are intended to be fired from the shoulder and have a shoulder stock. However, even if the weapon does not currently have a stock, it would be an SBS if it had a stock at any point and fit the other parts of the definition. Many guns without stocks but which fire shotshells and have a barrel less than 18 inches fall under the “any other weapon” (AOW) category of the NFA, and are still regulated.

If you have doubts about the classification of a weapon that you are purchasing or making, it’s important to get clarification from a professional. The information in this blog is for general purposes only and does not constitute legal advice.

Buying or Manufacturing NFA Items

In order to purchase or manufacture an NFA-regulated firearm, you will need to fill out the appropriate forms and pay a $200 tax stamp. You will need to wait until these forms are processed to get your firearm.

If you modify an existing shotgun to create an SBS without paying the tax stamp, you can face serious legal consequences.

Pros and Cons of Short-Barreled Shotguns

If you’re trying to determine if an SBS is a good option for you, it’s helpful to consider the pros and cons of this type of weapon.


One of the main reasons people are interested in short-barreled shotguns is their maneuverability. Compared to full-length shotguns, SBSs are more suitable for close-quarters tactical situations.

Compared to shorter guns that only have a pistol grip, a short-barreled shotgun is often easier to control due to its stock.


Due to the shorter barrel, SBSs lose a bit of velocity compared to longer shotguns. They are also less accurate in many cases.

The biggest downside to short-barreled shotguns for most people is the long wait and additional cost for an NFA-regulated firearm.

Purchase Firearms at The Hub

The Hub is your one-stop gun stop and we have a wide variety of weapons, including NFA-regulated items such as SBSs, short-barreled rifles (SBRs), and suppressors.

Visit us today in Tucson, Lakeside, or Phoenix to browse our selection of firearms.

Should You Get a CCW in Arizona?

Arizona is a constitutional carry state. This means you don’t need a concealed carry weapon (CCW) permit in order to carry a concealed firearm, provided you are over 21 years old and legally able to own the weapon. However, it is still beneficial to get your CCW in Arizona.

Here are some of the top benefits of having a CCW permit:

1. Learn About Arizona State Laws

In a CCW course, you will learn about Arizona’s firearm laws. This is valuable for understanding your rights and also knowing any regulations you will need to follow. While you can (and should) research these laws on your own, going over them in a classroom environment gives you the opportunity to ask questions and learn from your instructor’s experience.

2. Carry in More Locations

Without a concealed carry permit, you can’t carry your firearm in restaurants with a liquor license. A CCW allows you to do this, provided the restaurant hasn’t posted a legally compliant sign indicating that no firearms are allowed. (There are specific laws in Arizona that these signs must follow for them to be enforceable).

Additionally, many Arizona public parks have signs prohibiting firearms unless you have a valid CCW. Having your permit allows you to carry a firearm in these locations.

3. Faster Gun Purchases

When purchasing a firearm without a CCW, you will need to undergo a federal background check. After getting your concealed carry permit, this background check requirement is waived. This makes gun purchases faster and easier for you.

4. Easier Interactions With Law Enforcement

If you are ever involved in a traffic stop while carrying a firearm, knowing you have a valid CCW often puts the officer more at ease. They will know that you have gone through the effort to learn about gun laws and obtain a concealed carry permit.

5. Reciprocity

One of the top benefits of getting your CCW in Arizona is reciprocity. This means that other states allow you to conceal carry if you have an Arizona permit. If you are traveling, it’s important to know whether reciprocity applies in that state and if there are any additional gun laws to be aware of.

States with Arizona CCW Reciprocity

  • Alabama
  • Colorado
  • Delaware
  • Florida
  • Georgia
  • Iowa
  • Idaho
  • Indiana
  • Louisiana
  • Montana
  • Michigan
  • North Carolina
  • North Dakota
  • Nevada
  • New Mexico
  • Nebraska
  • Ohio
  • Oklahoma
  • Pennsylvania
  • South Carolina
  • Tennessee
  • Texas
  • Utah
  • Virginia
  • Wisconsin
  • Wyoming

States with Constitutional Carry

  • Alaska
  • Arkansas
  • Kansas
  • Kentucky
  • Maine
  • Mississippi
  • Missouri
  • New Hampshire
  • South Dakota
  • Vermont
  • West Virginia

CCW Classes in Tucson and Lakeside

At The Hub, we can help you earn your Arizona CCW permit. We offer classes in Tucson and in Lakeside and our skilled instructors will go over the basics of self-defense laws and firearm safety. Our classes fulfill all state requirements for earning your permit. If you are interested in further training, we offer a variety of other courses at our Arizona gun stores.

To learn more about our Arizona CCW training, contact us today.

Rimfire vs Centerfire

If you are new to the world of firearms, the terminology can be a bit confusing at first. When buying ammunition, there are a variety of things to be aware of. The most basic is caliber, which is the diameter of the bullet and which corresponds to the diameter of your gun’s barrel. Another difference to be aware of is rimfire vs centerfire.

Ammunition Overview

Before diving into the difference between rimfire and centerfire, it’s helpful to give a brief overview of how ammunition works and some key terms to know.

To start with, it’s important to know the difference between a bullet and a cartridge. Some people use these two terms interchangeably, but they are two different things. The cartridge is the entire unit that you load into your gun, whereas the bullet is the part that leaves the barrel when you fire.

The cartridge consists of four elements: the bullet, the primer, the propellant, and the casing. When you fire the gun, the pin strikes the primer of the cartridge, creating a spark that ignites the propellant. This results in a small explosion which propels the bullet forward and out of the gun.

This general process is the same regardless of the type of ammunition. What the difference is between rimfire and centerfire is the primer.

Centerfire Ammunition

Centerfire ammunition is a few decades older than rimfire. Whereas centerfire dates back to the 1810s, rimfire was first used around 1845.

With centerfire ammunition, the firing pin strikes in the center of the bottom of the cartridge. It’s pretty easy to identify centerfire cartridges because you can see the circular primer when you look at the bottom.

There are two types of centerfire primers: boxer primers (which have a single flash hole) and berdan primers (which have two flash holes).

Pros and Cons of Centerfire


Centerfire ammunition is more reliable than rimfire, which is why it is more common for both civilians and law enforcement. Most of these cartridges are also reloadable.


The main downside is that centerfire ammo is more expensive.

Rimfire Ammunition

With rimfire ammunition, the firing pin strikes the rim of the cartridge. 22LR is the most common type of rimfire ammo. This type of ammunition is most commonly used for varmint hunting or plinking, since it is overall less reliable than centerfire.

Pros and Cons of Rimfire


The major benefit of rimfire is that it is cheaper, so you can shoot more of it for a lower price. Since it is limited to smaller calibers, it also has less recoil, which can be beneficial for some shooters.


Rimfire rounds are less reliable than centerfire, which makes them less ideal for self-defense. They also cannot be reloaded. Additionally, rimfire ammunition is only available in smaller calibers, so if you want a larger caliber gun, it typically won’t be an option.

Browse Guns and Ammo at The Hub

At The Hub, we have a wide selection of guns, ammunition, and accessories. Whether you prefer centerfire or rimfire, we have options for you. If you visit us in Tucson or Lakeside, you can even try out different firearms at our shooting range and you’ll get a discount on any guns you try before you buy.

Visit The Hub at any of our Arizona gun stores.

A Guide to ATF Forms

The Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF) regulates the sale, transportation, and possession of firearms and other weapons. There are a variety of ATF forms that you need to fill out when purchasing different types of weapons. Items that fall under the National Firearms Act (NFA) require specific forms and you will also need to pay the tax stamp. Even non-NFA guns may require paperwork, depending on the circumstances of the purchase.

This article gives a brief overview of some of the more common ATF forms. This is for informational purposes only and does not constitute legal advice. If you have questions about these forms or any other firearms regulations, please contact an attorney.

Form 4473

If you’ve purchased a firearm from a licensed dealer, then you’ve filled out Form 4473 at some point. This is the most basic form for purchasing a gun. It includes questions that determine whether you can legally own a firearm and lying on this form is a federal felony.

After you fill out this form, the dealer you are purchasing from will run a background check.

There are three possible results:

  • Proceed – You can purchase the gun.
  • Denied – You cannot make the purchase. You will get a letter that explains why this is the case and this will also include instructions for how to appeal the decision.
  • Delayed – Your application requires a more thorough review and the dealer will be notified within 72 hours whether they can proceed with the sale or not.

NFA Forms

These forms relate to NFA-regulated items:

Form 1

You will need to complete Form 1 if you are creating an NFA-controlled weapon, such as a short-barrelled shotgun (SBS), short-barrelled rifle (SBR), or destructive device (DD). It also applies if you are modifying an existing weapon so that it fits the definitions included in the NFA.

This form is for those who do not have a Federal Firearms License (FFL).

This form is an application to make the NFA-controlled item, so you cannot have the item in your possession or start making it until you get approval from the ATF. You will need to pay a $200 tax stamp in order to create the weapon.

You can file the form as an individual, trust, or business (this last one is less common). The benefit of filing as a trust is that it is easier to allow others within your family to use the item. You should discuss your options with an expert if you aren’t sure which is best for you.

Form 2

Form 2, like Form 1, is filed when creating an NFA-regulated weapon. The difference is that this form is used by FFL holders and the average citizen will never need to fill out Form 2. Instead of needing to get approval from ATF before making the weapon, an FFL holder sends Form 2 to inform the ATF that the item has been made. There are additional licensing requirements beyond simply having an FFL and these must all be met in order to manufacture NFA-controlled items.

Form 3

Like Form 2, Form 3 is uncommon for the average gun owner and is instead used by dealers. It allows for the transfer of NFA-regulated items between FFL holders.

Form 4

Form 4 is very similar to Form 1, but it allows you to purchase an NFA-controlled item instead of making it. This is what you will need to fill out to buy a suppressor, SBR, SBS, DD, et cetera. As with Form 1, you will need to choose whether to file as an individual, trust, or business and will need to pay the $200.

Purchase NFA-Controlled Items at The Hub

At The Hub, we specialize in items that many other gun stores don’t have. We are experts in NFA-controlled items and are happy to help you find what you are looking for.

Visit our gun stores in Tucson, Lakeside, or Phoenix today.

Introducing Our New Phoenix Gun Store

Have you visited The Hub’s new Phoenix gun store yet? Like our shops in Lakeside and Tucson, this location has a huge selection of firearms and accessories. Our friendly sales associates are here to help you find your next (or your first!) gun. Our Phoenix shop is at the location where Merchant Firearms used to be and we are excited to meet you.

For New Gun Owners and Experts Alike

Are you an experienced firearms enthusiast looking for a high-end, hard-to-find firearm, part, or accessory? The Hub is the gun store for you. Our experts can help you find what you’re looking for. We specialize in the items other shops are less likely to have.

What if you’re completely new to the world of guns and aren’t sure where to start? Well, The Hub is the gun store for you too. Our team members are friendly and happy to answer your questions. We can help walk you through the process of selecting and purchasing your first gun. We offer a wide selection of high-quality yet reasonably-priced options that are perfect for new firearm owners.

The Best Gun Store in Phoenix

The Hub focuses on offering a great selection of high-quality firearms.

Some of the benefits of our store include:

Class III Dealer

The Hub is a class III firearms dealer. This allows us to sell National Firearms Act (NFA) controlled items including suppressors, short-barreled rifles (SBRs), short-barreled shotguns (SBSs), and machine guns. We also offer items that fall into the “any other weapon” (AOW) category of the NFA.

We are experts in buying and selling NFA-controlled items and we are happy to help you with this process.

Military and Law Enforcement Programs

We partner with a variety of manufacturers to offer military and law enforcement gun purchasing programs. Some of the manufacturers we work with include SIG SAUER, Beretta, Glock, and Smith & Wesson.

SIG SAUER Elite Dealer

The Hub is proud to be a SIG SAUER elite dealer. This allows us to offer a store-within-a-store experience with a wide variety of SIG SAUER firearms for sale. SIG SAUER only selects the best of the best gun stores to be elite dealers so you can trust you will get outstanding service.

Visit Our Gun Shop in Phoenix, AZ

If you are looking for firearms in Phoenix, come visit The Hub today. We are your one-stop Arizona gun shop. We also have locations in Lakeside and Tucson, which offer a large selection of guns as well as training and gun ranges. If you prefer, you can also shop online. Keep in mind that inventory may differ between the online store and our physical locations, so please call ahead if you are interested in a particular item to make sure it is available.

Stop by The Hub at Merchant Firearms in Phoenix today.

Tips For Buying A Used Gun

If you are looking at buying a firearm but want to get a great deal, buying used may be one way to get a high-quality gun for a lower price. While there are benefits to buying new, firearms generally have a long service life with good maintenance.

Check Overall Condition

While used firearms will have minor scuffs and imperfections in the finish most of the time, cosmetic wear and tear is not necessarily an indication that the gun will not function properly. It is a good idea to take a close look at the overall condition of the piece you are interested in buying.

Check for loose screws, bushings, and sights. If any of these parts rattle, you may need to have the gun repaired before taking it to the range, which will add to the overall price of the piece. If you dry fire the gun, it can also help to let you know if there are any mechanical issues with the piece.

Look for tool marks around the screws, which can indicate home gunsmithing, and make sure the sights are sturdy and properly aligned. Many gun owners swap out the sights and do not install the new ones properly. Once you have looked at the overall condition of the outside of the gun, you will want to look at the inside.

Field Strip<

You will rarely want to buy a used gun sight unseen unless it comes from a trusted dealer. Go to the store and ask if you or the salesperson can field strip the firearm. Once stripped, you will want to examine the internal mechanisms closely, looking for rust, cracks, chips, bulging, and pitting.

While the gun is field stripped, check the frame. It is crucial to feel around and make sure that nothing has been sanded or filed off. If you shake the gun, you may hear some light rattling, but the frame should not be loose in general.

Examine the guide rod, spring, feed lips, and follower. Ensure that everything is functioning correctly and that there is no visible damage, and examine the barrel, looking for any bulging or pitting. Most likely, the barrel will have marks in it whether from cleaning it or from firing, so only look for excessive wear and tear.

Check the trigger and the magazine and look for defects. When checking the trigger, make sure that it pulls correctly and that the firing pin is working. Check the spring in the magazine and make sure that the rounds move smoothly. Replacing the spring is an easy fix, but it is also a good idea to buy an extra magazine or two to have on hand. This will decrease the time you will need to spend reloading.

Visit a Trusted Gun Broker

Do your research. If you are looking to buy a used gun, it is vital to purchase from a reputable gun dealer. Buying guns online can be risky, so it is critical to research the trustworthiness of the marketplace and the seller.

Local gun stores, in general, tend to be more reliable for buying used than many online marketplaces. By visiting a store, you can examine the firearm firsthand and speak to the experts. Looking at the store, talking with the employees, and checking out the store’s policies are all great ways to help you determine how reputable the store is. Don’t forget about pawn shops! A reputable pawn shop may have good, used guns for sale as well.

Used Guns at The Hub

Having an experienced and trusted broker like The Hub helps to make buying a used gun pain-free. Our experts carefully examine every used firearm before selling and will stand behind every gun we sell.

Check out The Hub for all your gun and gun accessory needs.  Contact us today if you have any questions about our new or used firearms.

Tips for Storing a Gun in an Apartment

More and more Americans are choosing to purchase firearms. Gun sales rose to record numbers in 2020 and inevitably, not every first-time firearm buyer lives in a house. Having a gun in an apartment is fairly similar to having a gun in a house, but there are some unique considerations for storage and safety that you should keep in mind.

Here are some tips for having a firearm in an apartment:

Check Your Lease Agreement

The legality of keeping a gun on rented property can be complex. A few states do have laws that prohibit landlords from banning guns but most, including Arizona, don’t have any laws regarding this matter. This means that in general, landlords can choose to ban firearms from their property. Government-assisted housing is a different story and generally cannot ban gun ownership.

If your lease agreement has a clause banning guns, you should talk to a lawyer for clarification on what your options may be. Please be aware that we are not able to provide legal advice.

If guns are allowed in your apartment, be sure you are aware of any regulations for carrying your weapon in shared areas.

Make a Home Defense Plan and Store Your Gun Accordingly

A home defense plan ensures you are prepared for the worst-case scenario. Although you will hopefully never need to use this, it’s important to have one. This is true whether you live in a house or an apartment and you should consider your living situation when making your plan.

Your storage should align with your home defense plan so that your gun is easily accessible if you ever need it. This doesn’t mean your gun should be unsecured (for more on this, see our next tip), but make sure you can reach it quickly. A biometric safe can be helpful for this.

Keep Your Gun in a Safe

It can be tempting to leave your gun unsecured if you live alone, but a gun safe is a good idea for several reasons. In an apartment, it is often possible for maintenance to come into your living space in an emergency, even if they cannot contact you first. Having strangers aware that you have a gun in your apartment can put you at risk and a safe helps you avoid this situation.

Additionally, a safe is important to protect your gun in case of a robbery. Firearms are popular targets for thieves. If you live on the first floor, the risk of theft increases, so keep this in mind.

Securing Your Safe in an Apartment

Many homeowners choose larger, heavier safes that can store multiple guns and other valuables. These are so large that thieves cannot easily pick them up and move them. However, you may not be able to have such a heavy safe in your apartment if you are not on the first floor. You should check the weight restrictions to be sure. Some safes are large enough to be difficult to carry away while still fitting within weight restrictions, and this may be a good idea depending on your situation.

If you have a smaller safe, the general recommendation is to bolt it to the floor or wall. Again, the goal is to ensure thieves cannot simply take the whole safe with them. In apartments, however, there may be restrictions on drilling holes that can prevent you from doing this.

You do have a few different options depending on what works for you. Some gun owners recommend pulling up some carpet in a closet area and drilling the safe into the floor here since it is easier to fix when you move out. You may also be able to drill holes in the wall and repair them before you leave, which is usually relatively inexpensive. Be sure you have a plan before you start so you don’t cause more damage than anticipated and end up on the hook for a large bill. Finally, you may be able to secure a safe to a large piece of furniture instead of to the wall or floor.

Buy Guns and Storage Solutions at The Hub

The Hub is your one-stop gun shop and we have an extensive selection of firearms and accessories, including safes.

Shop in Tucson, Lakeside, Phoenix, or at our online gun store.

A Brief History of Guns

The development of gunpowder and firearms played a key role in changing how wars were fought. The history and evolution of the gun is fascinating. Firearms, directly and indirectly, influenced the rise and fall of global empires.  Below is a brief history of the progression from primitive to automatic firearms.

Early History

While it is strongly debated, the Chinese are widely believed to have developed the first early gun in the 10th Century. These rudimentary weapons consisted of a metal or bamboo rod to hold the gunpowder. The recorded evidence of these “fire spurting lances” detail their use during the Jin-Song wars within the Song Dynasty era from 960 to 1279. During the same era, the Chinese also used an early form of the cannon, marking the first use of gun powdered-based weapons and artillery.

European Advancement

Europeans started receiving gunpowder along the Silk Road trade route from China during the 13th Century. They first used this in cannons, then developed early types of firearms which use a wick to ignite the powder through a hole in the barrel. This process often took two people to fire the weapon. These firearms were inaccurate, had a very slow load time, and were heavy.

Inventors were constantly refining early guns to solve these problems.

In the 1400s, the first mechanical device for firing a gun was developed, the matchlock. This device holds the powder in a flash pan which is ignited by an s-shaped arm that holds a match. When the trigger is pulled, the match is lowered and ignites the powder that is held inside the gun. This invention allowed for greater accuracy and needed only one person to fire the weapon.

In the late 1400s to the early 1500s, firearms advanced again with the development of the wheel or rose lock. This replaced the wick on the gun and instead produced the spark mechanically. These guns were expensive to produce and therefore never gained in popularity over the cheaper matchlock.

Early in the 16th Century, German gunsmiths in Augsburg began cutting spiral grooves inside the barrels of the guns. Similar to fletching feathers for an arrow, it allowed for the bullet to obtain a spin and maintain its directional course improving its accuracy

During the late 1500s, a lid was added to the flash pan design to keep the powder from being exposed to the elements. This lid must be moved manually when firing which made the gun slow to shoot.

To solve this problem, the flintlock was invented. The flintlock was designed to push the lid and ignite the flint at the same time. This invention became popular for over two centuries and led to the invention of muskets and other long guns with this design.

American Ingenuity

The flintlock design remained popular through the American Revolution. It wasn’t until the Industrial Age that machining tools were used by Samuel Colt to mass-produce multi-shot, revolving firearms.

In 1836, Colt invented a gun that could fire multiple bullets without needing a reload. This revolver had machined, interchangeable parts which were much less costly to repair or replace.

During the same time, American gunmakers were rapidly developing firearms for the Civil War and for use by the military and lawmen such as the Texas Rangers. Iconic firearms makers Samuel Colt, Samuel Wesson, Horace Smith, and Oliver Winchester all began work on their own styles of revolvers, cylinder rifles, and metallic rimfire cartridges.

The Model 1866 lever-action repeating Winchester rifle was used in the American West and its popularity continued with the Model 1873. In 1903, Winchester introduced the first automatic rifle that became widely used.

Guns from this era continue to influence firearms designs to this day and the 1800s saw the development of iconic firearms like the repeating rifle, six-shooters, shotguns, machine guns, and automatic pistols.

In 1892 automatic firearms were developed by Joseph Laumann, however, the Borchardt pistol of 1893 was the first one that had a removable magazine in the grip.  This design became standard and was rapidly used by Browning, Luger, Mauser, and Colt models.

Firearms at The Hub

If you are interested in learning more about firearms, our professionals are here to help. We have everything you need before and after you buy a gun and we have a large selection of firearms to choose from.

To browse our firearms, visit us in Tucson, Lakeside, Phoenix, or online.

5 Concealed Carry Mistakes to Avoid

Concealed carry can help ensure you are ready to defend yourself in the worst-case scenario. If you choose to carry, you should make sure you have the necessary skills and preparation to do so safely and effectively. This article includes some of the most common concealed carry mistakes that beginners make so you know what to avoid.

1. Drawing Attention To Your Weapon

When you first start to carry a concealed firearm, it may feel uncomfortable. This can lead you to draw attention to your weapon by fidgeting, walking unnaturally, adjusting its position, or moving your clothing.

Drawing attention to your weapon can be dangerous. It can also make others nervous and can cause uncomfortable situations that could be avoided.

To help avoid this, experiment at home to find the carry method/a> that works best for you. Take into account the style of clothing you wear and what feels most comfortable. Buying a high-quality holster also helps, which brings us to our next point.

2. Using a Low-Quality Holster

You likely put a lot of effort into choosing the right gun for your needs. Putting a similar level of care into choosing a holster is important. You’ll be using your holster every time you carry your weapon, so it needs to be comfortable, durable, and secure.

Depending on the type of gun you have, you may want to get a custom holster for that model. In any case, you should be sure that the holster keeps your gun firmly in place and protects the trigger.

3. Not Maintaining Your Gun

It’s important to clean your gun regularly so you can trust that it is ready to work if you need it. Ideally, you should do this after every time you use your gun. You should also check for damage regularly and if you notice any issues, take the weapon to a gunsmith right away.

4. Being Unaware of Gun Laws

You should know all relevant laws when it comes to carrying your firearm and using it in self-defense. Taking a concealed carry weapon (CCW) class can help with this. You may also want to look into getting concealed carry insurance to ensure you have access to a lawyer if you ever need one.

5. Not Getting the Proper Training

Since Arizona is a constitutional carry state, you don’t need any training to carry a concealed weapon. However, it can be helpful to take a permit class anyway. As we mentioned above, you will have the opportunity to learn about important gun laws.  You can also take advantage of CCW reciprocity.

In addition to getting a CCW, there are other types of training you can pursue, from one-on-one lessons to group classes. No matter which option(s) you choose, it’s important to make sure you fully understand how to operate your gun. You should also train regularly at the range in addition to any classes you take and make sure your skills stay sharp.

Choose The Hub For Your Concealed Carry Needs

The Hub is your one-stop gun shop and we have everything you need for concealed carry. We offer CCW classes, firearms training, a physical range and a MILO virtual range at our Tucson location, and, of course, a large selection of handguns.

Visit us in Tucson, Lakeside, or Phoenix or shop for guns and accessories online.

Tips For Making a Home Defense Plan

Tactical home defense is a serious matter to consider. No one wants to think about a home invasion, but every home should have a well-thought-out, detailed, and realistic defense plan. Planning ahead can ensure you have a tactical advantage and that you are ready to defend your home and loved ones.

The first step in your plan should always be to make your home undesirable as a target. A combination of passive and active defenses will help accomplish this goal.

Deter and Detect Home Invaders

One passive defense is to make sure your home is well lit. Home invaders like to study their intended targets. They look for homes that offer cover and concealment. Having a well-lit exterior will deter them and will make them look for a better target.

While not everyone can afford a high-priced security system, having the illusion that you have one can also act as a deterrent. Security stickers on the windows or a sign in the yard will let a potential invader know that you mean business. Even a “beware of dog” sign can help with this goal.

Increasing the distance between yourself and someone who means to do you harm can help keep you safer, and the ability to detect an invader before they get in the home is critical to this. Use security cameras and doorbells, making sure they are properly placed with no obstructions.

While a wide-view camera is okay, it is better to have a camera that can clearly show the face of the intruder. This will make identifying them easier later on.

Lastly, make sure that all your exterior doors and windows are secure. Locking possible entry points will not only deter criminals, but it will also buy you time to respond to an invasion if need be. Every second counts, and you do not want an intruder to be able to walk right in your front door.

Defense Against Intruders

Passive defenses will deter and slow down an attack, but what happens if someone gains access to your home? Active measures of defending your property, or ones that have a direct physical effect on the intruder, will likely determine the next step in designing your self-defense plan. If a gun is a part of that plan, choosing the right one is crucial.

The gun you choose may not be the same gun that you hunt with or carry in public. You will want a gun with rounds that will not penetrate walls as you do not want a stray bullet hurting your family or your neighbors.

One way this can be accomplished is by choosing the best bullet for your gun. A lighter, softer round will likely disintegrate before passing through walls and adding accessories for safety and accuracy such as improved grips, tactical lights, and lasers will ensure better accuracy.

Physically practicing with your weapon should be an important step in defense preparedness. Safety training can improve both confidence and accuracy. The Hub can help you choose the best gun, ammunition, and ammo for your needs, and we also provide safety and CCW classes. You also can practice at our gun range to gain confidence and improve accuracy.

Keep it as Simple as Possible

A defense plan should not be over complicated. Planning is crucial to success. You will need to set up a safe place to store your items where they can be quickly and quietly retrieved in an emergency.

Items you may need in case of a home invasion are:

  • Tactical Flashlight: Make sure that the batteries are fresh and ready to go.
  • Home Defense Weapons: Items such as a pistol, baton, and pepper spray are all good options to keep on hand.
  • Car Keys: These aid in escape and can set off the car alarm to scare intruders.
  • Charged Cell Phone: Make sure your phone is completely charged so you will be able to call the police.

Every good home defense plan should have an exit strategy, especially if it involves children. Have a meeting place inside and outside of the house. Plan your route to the meeting point and include a primary and secondary route, such as windows.

Make sure that you and your family physically practice these routes. Everyone needs to know what to do and where to meet. It is a good idea to practice this once a month. That way, you and your family will have confidence and know where to go.

Know Your Laws

Knowing your state and local laws will help you create a defense plan that protects you and your family while minimizing the risk of legal consequences. Talking to a legal expert before you make your home defense strategy will help protect you, as well as taking training and concealed carry classes at your local gun shop with a certified instructor. You may also want to consider self-defense liability insurance.

Need Tips for Creating a Home Defense Plan?

If you are looking to purchase the right weapon for your home self-defense plan, our knowledgeable gun experts can help. We will answer all of your questions, and provide training, classes, and a safe place to practice.

Contact us today. We look forward to helping serve your home defense needs.

What is Constitutional Carry?

Arizona is one of the best states in the nation when it comes to upholding gun owners’ rights. If you are considering buying a gun, you are probably wondering how state and federal laws affect your ability to carry a firearm. Since Arizona is a constitutional carry state, you do not need a permit for open or concealed carry. However, getting one may still be a good idea for other reasons.

A quick note: This article and all other information on our website is for general information purposes only. While our experts are happy to answer your general gun-related questions, we cannot provide any legal advice. If you are unsure whether any factors could affect the legality of owning or carrying a weapon in your case, please consult with an attorney.

The Basics of Constitutional Carry

Constitutional carry gets its name from the Second Amendment of the United States Constitution, which gives citizens the right to bear arms. Constitutional carry states are also called permitless carry states since you do not need a permit or training to carry a firearm.

Not all permitless carry states allow both concealed and open carry without a permit. In some, only open carry falls under their constitutional carry laws.

The following states do not require a permit for either concealed or open carry:

  • Alaska
  • Arizona
  • Arkansas
  • Idaho
  • Iowa
  • Kansas
  • Kentucky
  • Maine
  • Mississippi
  • Missouri
  • Montana
  • New Hampshire
  • North Dakota
  • Oklahoma
  • South Dakota
  • Tennessee
  • Texas
  • Utah
  • Vermont
  • West Virginia
  • Wyoming

The following states require a permit to carry a concealed firearm, but not for open carry:

  • Alabama
  • Colorado
  • Delaware
  • Louisiana
  • Michigan
  • Nebraska
  • Nevada
  • New Mexico
  • North Carolina
  • Ohio
  • Oregon
  • Pennsylvania
  • Virginia
  • Washington
  • Wisconsin

Are There Restrictions for Permitless Carry

Although the above states do not require a license or permit to carry a gun, that doesn’t mean there are absolutely no restrictions. Most notably, every state has age requirements for open and concealed carry. In Arizona, for example, you can open carry at 18 years or older and can conceal carry at 21 years or older.

Additionally, there are still restrictions on who can legally own a firearm, and you must possess the gun legally in order to carry it. You can find general guidelines in our guide to buying a gun in Arizona. If you are unsure whether you are able to buy a gun, it’s important to consult with an attorney for clarification. Again, we cannot provide you with any legal advice.

Should You Get a Permit Anyway?

Although you do not need a permit to carry a concealed firearm in Arizona, there are several reasons you may want to consider getting one anyway.

These include:

  • Reciprocity: If you have a concealed carry weapon (CCW) permit in Arizona, it allows you to carry your firearm in other states as well. This is known as reciprocity and can be beneficial if you are traveling or moving. In the case of moving, you will also need a permit in your new state eventually, if applicable.
  • Training: A CCW class gives you valuable information about firearms safety. Taking a class can help you be a more responsible gun owner. Getting your CCW gives you a foundation for any further training you wish to pursue.
  • Streamlined Background Checks: The background check process may be streamlined for future gun purchases since you undergo a background check to get a CCW.

Earn Your CCW At The Hub

If you are interested in a CCW class or another type of training, visit The Hub in Tucson or Lakeside.

What to Do Before You Buy a Gun

If you are a first-time gun buyer, it can be a bit overwhelming at first. We’ve already covered the process of buying a gun in Arizona on our blog, but what should you do before your purchase? Beyond simply obtaining a firearm, there are many actions that help you be a more informed gun owner. From preparation and research to honing your skills, The Hub is here to help you every step of the way.

Here are some things to do before you purchase a gun:

1. Focus on Safety From the Start

Safety is absolutely essential when it comes to owning and operating a firearm. Before you even purchase a gun, make a plan for how to store it so no unauthorized individuals can access it. It’s also a good idea to talk to anyone else in your household and make sure they know the importance of safety. If you have young children, this is especially important.

2. Determine What You Will Use the Firearm For

What type of gun will be best for your needs depends on what you plan to use that firearm for. For example, a compact handgun will generally be best for everyday concealed carry, but wouldn’t be as well-suited to hunting. When it comes to home defense, where you are living can make a difference, and some individuals may prefer a rifle for rural areas whereas others may need a lower-caliber pistol if they are living in an apartment. Knowing the purpose of your gun is a good starting part for your search.

3. Research Specific Guns

Once you know the broad type of gun you are interested in, you can start looking at specific manufacturers and models. To help guide your decision, you can read reviews online, get advice from your friends, and ask the friendly gun experts at The Hub.

Cost will, of course, be a factor for any purchasing decision, including buying a gun. When choosing a gun, you don’t want to sacrifice quality to save on price. Doing some research ahead of time can help you find a gun that is reliable and high-quality while also staying within your budget. Make sure to factor in the cost of ammunition as well.

4. Know What Accessories You Will Need

There are a variety of gun accessories available and some are more essential than others. If this is your first gun, it’s generally a good idea to start with the basics and get familiar with your firearm rather than buying too many accessories you don’t know how to use. Before you purchase your gun, make a list of what you know you will need and get these items either before your gun or at the same time.

Here is what we recommend:

  • A way to transport your gun, depending on how you are using it: a holster, travel case, gear bag, sling, etc.
  • Cleaning supplies
  • Ammunition
  • Extra magazines
  • A gun safe, or another method for secure storage
  • Anything else that is specific to the purpose you are using your gun for

5. Try Before You Buy

Trying a gun at the shooting range before purchasing it can help you get an idea of whether you personally like the way it feels. At The Hub, you’ll even get a discount if you buy a gun after trying it at our range.

6. Consider Training

This step can be completed at any time before or after you buy a gun, but you may want to start thinking about it before you actually make the purchase. Training, such as a concealed carry weapon (CCW) permit class or a one-on-one lesson, can be very beneficial. Although a CCW isn’t required in Arizona, you will learn valuable safety skills and will benefit from reciprocity. As for one-on-one training or group skills classes, these allow you to hone your skills.

Your One-Stop Gun Shop

The Hub has everything you need before and after you buy a gun and we have a large selection of firearms to choose from. We are here to help you find the ideal gun for your needs.

To browse our firearms, visit us in Tucson, Lakeside, or online.

Why A Tactical Flashlight Is Important

When you are thinking about self-defense tools, you are likely to consider obvious items like pepper spray, stun guns, batons, or firearms. But what about a tactical flashlight? The humble flashlight is one of the most underappreciated accessories on the market today and something you should consider carrying with you at all times.

Not every flashlight is created equally when it comes to self-defense. A tactical flashlight is different from a standard household flashlight. These types of flashlights were originally created for law enforcement and military use and have evolved to become one of the most popular options for everyday use.

Why Consider a Tactical Flashlight

Tactical flashlights can serve a dual purpose. They can be mounted on your firearm or carried independently. This versatility allows them to be taken separately into places like theatres, on airplanes, and into areas that have strict weapon laws. It can also be used as an improvised striking device or to break glass to facilitate an escape.

When mounted on a firearm, they ensure precision and better target acquisition during low light situations and free up your hands which allows for more control. 

In either situation, a flashlight can help you identify threats and scare away would-be attackers that are relying on the cover of darkness to commit their crimes.

They are also important to have during nighttime outdoor activities and should be readily available for an emergency.  In these instances, they can be used to help you safely navigate terrain without fear of injury. They can illuminate your way during power outages or if you are stuck outside at night or during bad weather. Additionally, they can be used as an emergency signal for help, or to safely warn motorists of your presence when visibility is poor, and much more. This versatile tool can be used for virtually every job that requires illumination.

Characteristics of Tactical Flashlights

While there are many different models on the market, most tactical flashlights have the same basic characteristics. A tactical flashlight is typically smaller and emits more light (1000 lumen output or more) than a standard flashlight. They are easy to use, which is important in high-stress self-defense and critical situations.

Because they were originally created for tactical use, they are made tough and often constructed out of military-grade anodized aluminum to ensure maximum durability. Most include a strike bezel for self-defense or emergency use and are usually water resistant, weatherproof, and impact resistant. Some also contain features such as infrared filters that allow them to be used with night vision equipment.

How to Choose a Tactical Flashlight

With so many options on the market it can be difficult to find the perfect tactical flashlight for you. When you are searching, it is important to consider these things:

    • Brighter is better. You will want an ultra bright flashlight with variable lighting modes and beam distance that way you can control what you are illuminating. 


    • Easy to use. Your flashlight may be the first thing that you will need to grab in an emergency and it needs to be uncomplicated and simple to operate in stressful situations.


    • Comfortable to hold and wield. It is important to make sure that the flashlight feels good in your hands. Proper size and grip is important to ensure you can confidently use your flashlight. When attached to a firearm, it is important that it is mounted correctly and allows for unobstructed sight. 


    • Durable, rugged, and long lasting. Your tactical flashlight should be a tool you can count on in any situation and in any weather condition. You will want to make sure that it is drop and water resistant and has a long battery life with rechargeable batteries, so you will not run out of light when you need it most.


    • All the features that you personally need. Not every tactical flashlight is built equally, and many come with specialized features like variable beams or specialized filters. Determining how you are likely to use your flashlight will also help you decide which features are most important.


Tactical Flashlights at The Hub

Whether you need a flashlight to mount on your firearm, for self-defense, emergencies, outdoor activities, or any other time,  the Hub can help you find the one that fits your needs. 

Visit us today to see our large selection of accessories including tactical flashlights. 

Benefits of Building an AR-15

AR-15s are one of the most popular types of guns in the United States. They are also among the easiest firearms to build. While buying a gun is definitely more convenient, building an AR-15 can be a fun challenge and there are many benefits to going this route.

Some of the benefits of building your own AR-15 include:

Lower Cost

In most cases, it will cost less to get the necessary parts and put them together on your own than it will get a premade gun. This is because of the time that goes into building the gun. You can add premium parts and upgrades and still pay less overall to build your AR-15 compared to buying a similar model. If you don’t want to buy everything at once, you can even build the firearm bit by bit over time. This allows you wait and get the best deal possible for each part.

Relatively Quick Assembly

If you use a complete lower receiver, putting together an AR-15 is usually relatively simple. With practice, many are able to finish a build in less than an hour. It will probably take a little longer the first time, but you still won’t likely need to spend too much on the project.

Fully Customizable

Because manufacturers have standardized the parts that are used for building an AR-15, you can mix and match different options within the same caliber. This allows you to fully customize your gun to match your preferences. Although you can always add accessories or swap parts for a pre-built gun, building your own gives you the ability to make these choices from the start.

Know Your Gun Inside and Out

During the building process, you will become familiar with your weapon. Although it is possible to learn about a gun you buy, building it yourself gives you the opportunity to gain a better understanding of how every part works. This can be useful if the gun ever needs to be repaired.

Pride In Your Craftsmanship

One of the major benefits of building an AR-15 is the pride that comes with knowing that you put your firearm together yourself. Finishing this project can build your confidence and you will have a final product that is customized just for you.

How to Get Started

If you are interested in building your own AR-15, the first step is obtaining the right parts. The lower receiver is the only portion that is legally considered a firearm, so you will need to complete the standard background check required to purchase a gun in Arizona. An 80% lower receiver is not classified as a firearm, but it does require additional tools and time to become functional. If you have any questions, our experts are happy to help.

Purchase Guns and Parts at The Hub

Whether you prefer to buy a fully built AR-15 or put it together yourself, The Hub has everything you need. We are your one-stop gun shop.

Visit us in Tucson or Lakeside to purchase AR-15 parts.

Concealed Carry for Women

Concealed carry can help you feel safe and be prepared for the worst-case scenario. However, it can also be a challenge to find an effective method to conceal your firearm. This is true for both men and women, but women often have unique concerns as many products and techniques are focused on a male body type and a more masculine style of clothing. Luckily, there are a variety of options for women to conceal carry effectively, and you likely won’t need to change your style of dress as much as you may think.

Firearm Placement

The options for where to place your conceal carry holster are similar for men and women. For both, inside the waistband (IWB) is the most common placement for everyday carry. This doesn’t work for every single outfit or body type, but it is a tried and true method that works well for both genders in many circumstances. Over-the-waistband (OWB) carry is fairly similar but tends to work better in cooler months when you can add more layers.

For outfits where IWB or OWB styles are hard to conceal, many women use a belly and or corset holster. These can be harder to access quickly but becomes easier with practice. A thigh holster or concealment shorts may also work in these circumstances. Bra holsters are one option that is uniquely available to women and while there are some safety concerns, this can be a good choice if you are careful about how you draw your firearm.

In addition to options for on-body carry, some women prefer to place their holster in their purse. The benefit of this is that you don’t need to worry about your gun’s outline being visible for certain outfits. However, off-body carry is generally not recommended in most cases. It can be harder to get to your firearm if you need it and your bag could be stolen or get lost.

Dressing for Concealed Carry

Assuming you are carrying on your person, you will need to make sure your gun is not obviously visible under your clothes. The goal is to minimize the gun showing through the clothes (printing) while also strategically distracting the eyes from the location where you keep your firearm. The way you dress is unique to you and as a result, your strategy for concealed carry will also need to be. The best way to find out what works is to try out different outfits, holsters, and carry methods. You shouldn’t need to change your entire wardrobe, but you might find that certain outfits require layering or that you need to use an alternative firearm placement. In addition to seeing how the outfit looks when your gun is holstered, practice drawing the firearm to determine how easy or difficult this is. Over time, you will find options that work best for you.

The Importance of Training

No matter what placement you use or how you dress to conceal your firearm, training is essential. You should be confident in your ability to draw your gun quickly and fire accurately if you ever need to do so, and this confidence is possible only with consistent practice. At The Hub, we have a variety of firearm training options, including concealed carry weapon (CCW) permit classes. Many of our offerings, including the CCW class, have sections that are exclusively open to women.

To learn more about our concealed carry training for women, contact us today.

The Importance of Shooting Ear Protection

Gun safety is an essential part of owning a firearm, and this includes protecting your hearing. Shooting ear protection is important whether you are hunting or at the range. Luckily, there are a variety of options available, ranging from traditional earplugs to advanced electronic earmuffs for hunting. If you are a gun owner, you should know how shooting can affect your ears and take the steps to reduce the possibility of permanent damage.

How Gunfire Can Damage Your Ears

Any sound over 85 decibels (dB) can cause irreversible damage to your hearing, and the louder something is beyond this threshold, the shorter the length of exposure before damage occurs. How loud a gunshot is depends on the caliber of the weapon but the average is between 140 dB and 165 dB. At this level, ear damage can be immediate.

Damage from loud noises occurs because the sound causes rattling in your eardrum as well as the fluid in your inner ear. This fluid moves tiny hair cells that convert the sound into electrical impulses so your brain can process it. When the vibration of a sound is too strong, it can destroy these hair cells, which never grow back. In addition to this, gunshots can also damage the bones in your middle ear, so it’s important to protect not just the ear canal but the full ear when possible.

Shooter’s Ear

There is a characteristic pattern of inner ear damage for those who frequently shoot long guns. Because of the way these guns are held while shooting, the hearing loss is more prominent in the ear opposite from your dominant hand. This may seem counterintuitive, but your shoulder shields the ear on your dominant side from the sound to a certain degree even though this ear is closer to the weapon.

How to Protect Your Hearing While Shooting

At The Range

At an indoor shooting range, sounds are frequently more concentrated. The good news is that since you are in a controlled environment, it’s easier to have more complete hearing protection without compromising your awareness in the process. It’s recommended to use a pair of earmuffs over foam earplugs in order to protect both your ear canal and the bones in your ear. For an outdoor range, sounds may be less intense, but it is still a good idea to use both earplugs and earmuffs to be safe.

While Hunting

While hunting, you will want to preserve your ability to hear the sounds around you clearly while still protecting your ears. If you hunt frequently, you may want to invest in high-tech electronic hearing protection. These devices can enhance your hearing for quieter sounds while muffling the loud noise of a gunshot. For a more affordable option, you can also get earplugs that are worn around your neck when not in use. This allows you to quickly protect your ears before you shoot and then return to normal hearing otherwise.

Purchase Guns and Accessories at The Hub

Our gun shop carries a wide range of firearms and accessories, including hearing and vision protection. We make it easy for you to find everything you need to shoot safely.

Visit us today online or in-store to purchase shooting hearing protection.

Tips for Your First Firing Range Visit

Visiting a firing range allows you to practice your shooting skills and target shooting is helpful for toning muscles like your arms and abs. Besides these benefits, it’s just plain fun. If you’ve never visited a shooting range before, you are likely wondering what to expect. The tips in this article can help you have a fun and safe visit to the firing range.

Ask Questions If You Need To

As a new shooter, you are likely going to have questions and this is completely okay and expected. If you are shooting with a more experienced friend, you should ask them any questions you may have to make sure you fully understand what you should be doing. If you are going to the range alone, you can always ask the Range Safety Officer (RSO). When you arrive, you should let them know that you are a beginner so they are aware of this and can provide you with any assistance you may need. At The Hub, we also have all first-time range visitors watch a safety briefing video that goes over all of the rules in detail.

Protect Your Eyes and Ears

Eye and ear protection are both necessary for a visit to the shooting range. Firearms are loud enough to cause immediate and irreversible damage to your hearing and shooting glasses shield your eyes from any potential hazards. You can either purchase these at our range or bring your own.

Know the Rules of Gun Safety

Safety is essential any time you are handling firearms. If you don’t already know the rules of gun safety, make sure you learn them and keep them in mind at all times.

As a refresher, these are:

  • Treat every gun as though it is loaded, even if you are sure it’s not.
  • Never point the muzzle at anything you are not willing to shoot.
  • Practice trigger discipline by keeping your pointer finger off the trigger and outside of the trigger guard until you are ready to shoot.
  • Know your target and what is beyond it before firing.

Following these rules helps keep you and everyone else who you are sharing the range with safe.

Follow All RSO Instructions

The RSO is there to make sure everyone visiting the range stays safe. It’s important to show them respect and to follow any and all instructions they give you. In addition to putting your safety at risk, failure to do this will result in your immediate removal from the shooting range.

Some commands you may hear from the RSO include:

Cease Fire

This command is fairly straightforward. If you hear the RSO or anyone else say “cease fire,” stop shooting immediately and do not touch your firearm until you hear the RSO give the “all clear” command.

Commence Fire/Range is Hot

The command to commence fire usually comes after a warning that the range is about to go hot. At this point, it is safe to shoot. Always wait to shoot until you have been told it is okay.

Make Safe/Range is Cold

If you hear this command, you should apply your gun’s safety and do not handle your firearm. This is to make the range area safe for anyone entering. You may also hear the phrase “range is cold” which means that no one should be firing or handling their weapons.

Visit Our Indoor Shooting Range

Both of The Hub’s Arizona gun stores have indoor shooting ranges where you can practice firing. We are a welcoming environment for advanced shooters and beginners alike. We also offer rifle and pistol rentals so you can try a new gun and you can get a discount if you choose to purchase that model after using it on the range.

Visit our firing range today in Tucson or Lakeside.

What is Trigger Discipline?

Following the rules of firearm safety is essential for anyone using a gun. These basic actions can help prevent accidents and you should practice them until they become second-nature. One of these rules is trigger discipline, which is keeping your finger off of the trigger until you are ready to shoot. Instead, your pointer/index finger should rest on the side of the frame. Although it seems simple, trigger discipline can take some training to fully ingrain.

What Does Trigger Discipline Look Like?

When you pick up a gun, draw it from a holster, or move it to point at a target, your index finger should rest on the frame. It should not touch the trigger or enter the trigger guard until you have made a decision to shoot.

A man holding a gun with his finger resting on the frame
An example of good trigger discipline

The photo above shows good trigger discipline. The person has their index finger on the frame of the firearm.

A man failing to exercise trigger discipline and holding a gun with this finger on the trigger
An example of what you should not do while holding a firearm

This photo shows poor trigger discipline. The man’s finger is resting on the trigger, which makes it more likely that he could fire unintentionally.

A man drawing his gun from the holster using trigger discipline
An example of proper trigger discipline when drawing from a holster

This example shows how to properly draw from your holster with safety in mind. Your finger should remain extended at every point as you draw the weapon and aim at the target, up until the moment you decide to pull the trigger.

A man drawing his gun from his holster with his finger on the trigger, an example of unsafe gun handling
An example of unsafe pointer finger placement when drawing from a holster

In the photo above, the man is not practicing trigger discipline. His finger is on the trigger as he removes the gun from the holster.

Why is Trigger Discipline Important?

Some people question the importance of trigger discipline because if you are following the other gun safety rules, you won’t have your muzzle pointed at anything unless you are ready to shoot. However, this line of thinking does not account for the rapidly-changing situations that can occur if you are using your weapon in a real-world tactical environment. For example, if you are using your gun for self-defense, an innocent bystander may move in front of the target. If your finger is in the trigger guard, you are likely going to move it unconsciously and could fire your weapon without meaning to. When your pointer finger is resting on the frame, you have time to make a decision to move it and fire, which requires you to evaluate the situation more carefully.

Why is Trigger Discipline Sometimes Difficult for Beginners?

The concept of trigger discipline seems very simple in theory, but it can be difficult for those who are new to firearms to get the hang of it. This is because the most natural way to hold an object is with all four of your fingers and your thumb wrapped around it. For good trigger discipline, you need to override that impulse and keep the pointer finger extended. The best way to develop this habit is to practice until it is automatic for you to keep your finger out of the trigger guard any time you hold a gun.

Practicing Safe Gun Handling

Dry fire practice can be a great way to reinforce trigger discipline, especially when it comes to drawing from a holster. All you need to do is remove your unloaded gun from the holster, paying attention to your finger position as you do so, and aim at a target. Firearms training can also be beneficial and in this setting, you will have an expert who can alert you if you are putting your index finger in the trigger guard without realizing it.

Gun Safety Training at The Hub

At The Hub, we offer one-on-one training as well as concealed carry weapon (CCW) classes to help you learn more about gun safety. Our Lakeside location offers a variety of other classes and both locations have indoor gun ranges to practice target shooting. In Tucson, our MILO virtual-reality simulator is a great option for improving your decision-making using realistic self-defense scenarios.

The Hub is your source for all things gun-related. Visit us today at either of our Arizona gun stores.

How to Get Started in Competitive Shooting

Trying out something new can be scary at first, especially if it’s something related to the use of firearms. However, it can also be exciting and with a little bit of planning and research, you can get started in competitive shooting relatively easily.

Here are few basic things you will need to learn:

What to Purchase

Competitive Shooting Pistol

Of course, you will need to have a gun if you want to start competitive shooting. There are many factors to consider when choosing a pistol for this purpose. For example, you should consider the match you are interested in, the capacity, and how easy it is to find a matching holster. To start, you can use any reliable pistol that you personally like and 9mm is the most common competitive shooting caliber.


If you want to start competitive shooting, you may be tempted to buy a lot of equipment. However, you typically don’t need much to start with besides your pistol and a good holster. Before choosing a holster, you should know that some can be dangerous. These include nylon holsters, which are often difficult to operate. In addition, many competitions do not permit Blackhawk SERPA. Finally, holsters with leather inside the waistband tend to collapse when the pistol is removed, and this might be dangerous for a beginner.

Safety Equipment

In addition to your gun and holster, you will need eye protection. This is required both for shooters and for anyone else attending the match. There are several different types of eye protection, and they come at different prices. You do not have to get the most expensive ones to get the best protection. Ear protection is also necessary as gunshots can be loud enough to cause immediate and irreversible damage to your hearing.

What to Know

Competitive Shooting Safety

Safety is the most critical aspect of any shooting competition. It is important to follow all the rules of the range where the competition is being held. You will need to keep your pistol unloaded and holstered until a range officer tells you otherwise. If you are ever unsure of what to do, it can be helpful to have someone with you who is more familiar with competitive shooting. It’s expected that you won’t know everything and might feel a bit lost, but you need to make sure that you keep safety in mind at all times.

One of the most essential things to know is that if the range officer tells you to “stop” or “cease fire” at any point, you need to immediately stop what you are doing and wait for further instruction.

Know How to Run Your Pistol

If you don’t know how to use your pistol, you probably won’t have much fun at the competition. More importantly, you may be creating a situation that can be dangerous to yourself and others. You should know the basics of pistol operation including how to load and unload your weapon and how to clear malfunctions.

Your First Shooting Competition

After you have finished preparing, you can attend your first match. How this looks differs slightly depending on the range that is holding the competition, but the basic steps are usually pretty similar. There is generally a scorecard that you turn in to a scorekeeper at the beginning of the match or stage. This will determine the order in which contestants will shoot. As a beginner, it is a good idea to ask if the scorekeeper can put you at the end of the shooting order so you have a chance to watch others first and get a better idea of what to do.

When your name is called, you should approach the firing line. The range officer will ask you if you understand the course of fire and if you do not, you should ask any questions you have at this time. Once you confirm that you understand, the officer will tell you to “load and make ready” or simply “make ready.” At this point, you are allowed to remove your pistol from the holster, load a magazine, chamber a round, and place the gun back in your holster. The officer will then ask if you are ready and when you confirm, they will set a timer and you will hear a “beep” sound when it is time to start shooting.

After you finish running the course of fire, the range officer will give a command such as “slide, hammer, and holster.” This means you need to drop the slide, dry fire your gun in a safe direction to confirm it is unloaded, and then place it back in your holster.

Get Started at The Hub

At the Hub, you can find everything you need for shooting competitions, including high-quality pistols and holsters.

Visit us today to browse our selection of competitive shooting supplies.

The Basics of Dry Fire Practice

Like any skill, shooting requires practice. However, you may not be able to make it to the range as often as you would like or might want to try to reduce the cost of training by lowering the amount of ammunition you are using. One way to improve your shooting skills at home is with dry fire practice. This is when you go through the motions of firing your weapon without using any live ammunition. When done safely, this can be a great supplement to time at the shooting range.

Dry Fire Practice Safety

When done properly, dry fire practice is a safe way to train without actually discharging your weapon. However, safety is essential to make sure you do not harm yourself or others. Before dry fire training, you need to make sure your gun is unloaded. Double and triple check this before you begin. Using a chamber flag, which visually marks the gun as unloaded, is often a good idea. It’s also recommended that you store ammunition away from where you are practicing.

Even after you verify that the weapon is unloaded, continue to follow all of the rules of gun safety. If you don’t know these already, refer to our article “Essential Gun Safety Rules.” This means you shouldn’t point your gun at anyone else and should practice trigger discipline. Set up a target and only aim at this area. This may seem excessive when you have just made sure the gun has no ammunition, but it’s important to make sure you don’t develop any bad habits. It should be second nature to follow these safety rules any time you handle a firearm.

Why is Dry Fire Practice Helpful?

Actually shooting your gun is essential for perfecting your skills and this should not be overlooked. However, there are many reasons why including dry fire in your practice schedule can be helpful.

Some of the benefits of dry fire training include:

  • Dry firing is great for learning fundamental skills and developing muscle memory before you even start shooting with live ammunition.
  • It’s easy to make dry fire practice a part of your routine and this allows you to train more continually than you may do otherwise.
  • You don’t need to leave your home.
  • You won’t use ammunition, which is cost-effective and can be helpful if a shortage makes it harder to find the ammo you need, as was the case for much of 2020.
  • There are some circumstances where you may be unable to go to the range and dry firing can help prevent degradation of your skills during this time. One example is pregnancy and many women find dry fire practice to be a helpful alternative to actual shooting.

Dry Fire Drills

Basic Dry Fire Practice

The most basic dry fire drill is simply going through the motions of aiming and firing. Do this slowly and focus on getting every detail correct. Speed takes time and it’s important to build your foundational skills first. Align the sights with your target, pull the trigger, and make sure the sights stay on the target.

Firing with a Coin

Place a coin or another small object on the front sight of your firearm. Practice gripping the gun and pulling the trigger. The coin should stay balanced on the gun during this entire process. If it falls, you need to perfect your trigger control and grip.

Drawing from the Holster

In a self-defense situation, you may need to draw your firearm from a concealed carry holster. You should be able to clear away any clothing that is blocking your holster, draw the gun, aim, and fire quickly and accurately. Dry fire allows you to practice these steps safely and build muscle memory.

Combining Different Types of Practice

The best way to improve your skills is to use multiple different methods of training. At The Hub, we have a wide variety of resources whether you are a new gun owner or an experienced shooter. Both locations (Tucson and Lakeside) offer concealed carry weapon (CCW) courses and each shop has an indoor shooting range. In Lakeside, we also offer 101 and advanced classes. Our Tucson location has a MILO virtual range for practicing quick decision-making and we can also schedule one-on-one firearms training.

Visit The Hub today for our shooting range, MILO simulator, and firearms training.

Direct Impingement vs Gas Piston

AR-15 rifles are highly customizable and whether you are building your own or purchasing one, there are many different choices you will need to make. One is which operating system to use: direct impingement vs gas piston. This is a hotly-debated topic among AR-15 owners. It can be helpful to know some of the basics of how these operating systems work and the differences between them before making a decision.

Direct Impingement

How a Direct Impingement Operating System Works

When a shooter pulls the trigger of a gun, the firing pin strikes the primer of the cartridge. This causes a controlled explosion which propels the bullet down the chamber and out of the gun. In a direct impingement operating system, the gas that this explosion generates is guided into a gas tube and is directed to the bolt carrier gas key. The gas then moves into the expansion chamber where it (as the name implies) expands and pushes the bolt carrier back. The gun then ejects the spent cartridge and a new round is loaded into the chamber.

Benefits of Direct Impingement

  • Direct impingement guns are often better-suited to use with a suppressor.
  • This operating system is more common for AR-15s and parts are typically standardized across different manufacturers. This makes direct impingement AR-15s easier to repair and maintain.
  • Many shooters find direct impingement AR-15s to be more accurate. This is because the system limits the recoil more effectively, although this may not be noticeable in all cases.

Downsides of Direct Impingement

  • Direct impingement operating systems heat up the bolt carrier group, which can be more likely to result in malfunctions. You will also need to let the bolt carrier cool down before removing it.
  • Gas ports into the interior of the rifle, which creates more build-up in the gun and requires more frequent cleaning. This is one of the main reasons some gun owners prefer gas piston AR-15s.

Gas Piston

How A Gas Piston Operating System Works

A gas piston system is fairly similar to direct impingement in that the force of the gas pushes the bolt carrier back to cycle a new round into the chamber. The difference is that a gas piston system works by forcing gas into a separate cylinder rather than using a gas tube. This cylinder contains a piston and the gas pushes this piston back, which then pushes the bolt carrier. This is in contrast to direct impingement where the bolt carrier is moved directly by the gas. The gas expels away from the shooter just above the gas block.

Benefits of Gas Piston

  • Since gas does not port back into the gun, it stays cleaner for longer.
  • Gas piston bolt carrier groups do not heat up as much as those in direct impingement systems.

Downsides of Gas Piston

  • Gas piston AR-15s are heavier and have a stronger recoil. As a result, they can be slightly less accurate.
  • Many gas piston operating systems are proprietary to the manufacturer, which makes it harder to find replacement parts if necessary.
  • A piston-driven AR-15 will usually be more expensive than one that uses direct impingement.

Direct Impingement vs Gas Piston: Which is Better?

At the end of the day, direct impingement and gas piston operating systems both have their pros and cons. If you aren’t sure which you would prefer, you can try a few different types out at our shooting range. It’s also possible to switch out the upper receiver on an AR-15 so you can alternate between direct impingement and gas piston operating systems.

Whether you are interested in direct impingement or gas piston, you can find AR-15-style rifles at The Hub.

Clip vs Magazine

There are many different gun terms that can be confusing if you are new to firearms. One distinction to be aware of is clip vs magazine. It’s fairly common for those who are not very familiar with guns to confuse these two and use the wrong word for what they are trying to describe. This can be embarrassing and it’s helpful to know the right terminology.

The Basic Difference Between a Clip and a Magazine

A gun clip vs magazine

Clips and magazines are both used for loading a gun, but they serve different purposes. A clip holds cartridges together to make them easier to load into the magazine. You can also use a clip to load a cylinder. The magazine feeds rounds into the firearm’s chamber during shooting. In the image above, the part on the left is a clip and the part on the right is a magazine. There are different varieties of clips and magazines that may look different than this example. In general, magazines are referenced more often. This is because all guns besides revolvers or single-shot firearms have a magazine. Conversely, clips are not necessary for the operation of firearms, and not all models use them.

Types of Clips

Stripper Clip

A stripper clip is the most common variety and loads a magazine from the top. The “strip” on the side holds the ammunition and allows you to easily push the rounds into the magazine. The cartridges are removed from the clip as they are loaded and the clip itself does not go into the magazine.

En Bloc Clip

En bloc clips are associated with the historic M1 Garand rifles used by the United States during World War II. Unlike stripper clips, these are inserted into the magazine and are the reason M1 Garands make a distinct “ping” sound when they run out of ammunition.

Half-Moon/Moon Clips

These clips are shaped like a circle or half-circle and are used for loading revolvers. They position the ammunition so that it is easier to place in the cylinder.

Types of Magazines

Detachable Magazine

A detachable magazine is designed to be loaded and inserted into the firearm when it is ready for use. These are incredibly common and are used for a wide variety of guns.

Internal Magazine

An internal magazine, also called an integral box magazine, is usually found on bolt-action rifles or older semi-automatic rifles. It is built into the firearm and is not meant to be removed. You load these magazines from the top.

Tubular Magazine

A tubular magazine is fixed to a gun, usually under the barrel, and is common for 22-caliber rifles, lever-action rifles, and shotguns. Rounds need to be loaded one at a time.

Guns and Accessories at The Hub

The Hub offers a large selection of firearms and accessories, including clips and magazines.

Visit either of our Arizona gun stores today.

What is a Carbine?

If you are new to the world of firearms, understanding the different types of guns can be a bit overwhelming at first. Carbines are one variety that is often defined imprecisely or inaccurately. A carbine is a type of rifle and is often, although not always, a shortened version of an existing model. This basic definition is enough to know what people are referring to when they mention carbines. However, like almost any firearm-related term, there are more nuances to consider to fully understand this type of weapon.

Carbine vs Rifle

People often mention carbines and rifles together. The question of how these two are different can be a source of confusion. A carbine is actually a specific type of rifle. Compared to a standard rifle, a carbine is generally shorter and easier to handle. If the carbine is a shorter version of an existing rifle, it will often have the same caliber. However, this is not always the case.

It can sometimes be difficult to determine which rifles are carbines and at the end of the day, there isn’t one definition that works in all cases. For the most part, a rifle with a barrel shorter than 20 inches can be called a carbine. If the barrel length is less than 16 inches, it is also a short-barreled rifle (SBR) and is regulated by the National Firearms Act (NFA).

History of Carbines

The word “carbine” comes from the French word “carabinier,” which means “rifleman.” The first use of the word carabinier was describing the Battle of Neerwinden in 1693. At this time, the soldiers would have been using longer muskets. However, these were harder to use on horseback. As a result, a shorter, more lightweight rifle was created. Advancements in technology allowed these shorter guns to become more accurate over time. Today, the military uses carbines such as the M4 for close-quarters combat.

Pistol Caliber Carbines

Pistol caliber carbines (PCCs) are a subcategory of this type of gun and are semi-automatic lightweight rifles chambered for pistol cartridges. Experts believe that PCCs originated in the American Wild West. Cowboys and lawmen would often carry a lightweight rifle and a revolver that used the same caliber of ammunition, which was more efficient. Many modern PCCs are based on the AR-15 design. The main benefit is that these can be easier to control and have less recoil than rifle calibers, although whether or not any individual would benefit from a PCC will depend on how they use it and their personal preferences.

Carbines and Training at The Hub

At The Hub, we offer a wide variety of firearms including carbines. If you are interested in learning more about how to handle this type of gun, our Lakeside location offers an AR 101/Intro to Carbines course.

Visit us at either of our Arizona gun stores to browse our selection of carbines and other guns.

Semi-Automatic vs Automatic

There are many different types of guns and each variety is different. One factor to be aware of is the action mechanism, which is how the weapon reloads after firing. The mechanism that is most common for modern firearms is semi-automatic. Although this may be compared to automatic guns, they are two different types of mechanisms and work differently.

How Semi-Automatic Guns Work

A firearm is semi-automatic if a bullet automatically reloads and if the gun only fires once per trigger pull. There are two main ways a gun can reload automatically. The first is by using the force of the recoil. The “blowback” sends the barrel back rapidly, which ejects the spent cartridge and loads a new one. This mechanism is most often used for smaller calibers and is common for pistols, although variations such as delayed blowback can be used for more high-powered firearms.

A gas operation mechanism uses a portion of the gases that the gun generates while firing to cycle a new cartridge into the chamber. A well-known example of this is the AR-15 model, which uses gas impingement. After firing, the gases flow through a tube into a gas block, which then transfers the gas to a bolt key in order to cycle the action. Other types of gas operation include long-stroke piston and short-stroke piston.

Semi-Automatic vs Automatic

Semi-automatics and automatics both automatically reload after firing. However, they are not the same thing. The difference is a semi-auto gun will fire only once for each pull of the trigger. A fully-automatic gun will continue to fire as long as the trigger is held. Semi-automatic firearms are fairly common. Fully-automatic machine guns, on the other hand, are more difficult to obtain. These are usually collector’s pieces and there are many regulations for owning one.

If you want to experience the difference between semi-auto and full-auto shooting for yourself, you can rent an automatic MP5 variant at our Tucson shooting range.

Other Types of Mechanisms

Some guns are neither semi-automatic nor automatic. For example, revolvers rotate to line each cartridge up with the chamber. The rotation of the cylinder and the firing of the weapon are two separate processes, even though double-action revolvers accomplish both during the trigger pull, so these guns are not semi-automatic. Most shotguns are also not semi-automatic and use a pump-action mechanism for firing. However, some modern shotguns are semi-auto.

Semi-Automatic Firearms at The Hub

At The Hub, we have a large selection of guns to choose from.

Visit us today to purchase a modern semi-automatic firearm.

Why You Should Get a Magazine Loader

There are many types of accessories that can make using your firearm easier. One example is a magazine loader. This device also called a magazine speed loader or mag loader makes loading your gun a quicker and simpler process and is beneficial to use at the range.

Here are some reasons you should consider getting a magazine loader:

Saves Time

It can take a long time to load your magazine by hand. This can be frustrating if you are in “the zone” at the range and have to stop to reload. Even if you have extra magazines available, you will still need to take the time at some point to reload them. A magazine loader makes this process faster and saves you time.

Easier on Your Fingers

Loading ammunition into your magazine can take a toll on your fingers, especially if you are doing a lot of shooting. Over time, you may start to develop calluses, which will make it a little easier. However, it can be painful until then. A magazine loader means you don’t have to do this manual labor.

Helps Prevent Jamming

If you’re loading a lot of ammunition, it’s easy to misload a round or two, which can lead to jamming or other malfunctions. A mag loader helps prevent this from happening because it accurately loads the ammunition into your magazine.

Downsides of Magazine Loaders

For the most part, the only downside to a magazine loader is that it is an extra piece of equipment that you need to keep track of. This can make it less practical for hunting, especially if you use a heavier or bulkier device. However, you can always load your magazines by hand for some circumstances and use a mag loader for others. As with any other accessory, the main determination for whether you should get a speed loader is whether or not you personally find it helpful.

Choosing the Best Magloader

When choosing a magazine loader, it’s important to make sure it is compatible with your firearm. The device will list which models it works with. Many are universal for a certain type of gun (such as AR-15-style models), but you should always double-check. You should also consider what is most essential to you. Is speed a key factor, or is it more important that the loader be portable? Some devices are designed to be used on a flat surface, which may be less practical for hunting, so this is another element to be mindful of. If you have questions about any of this or aren’t sure where to start, the friendly gun experts at The Hub can help. You can also find reviews online for the types of loaders you are considering to see what other gun owners think and what their experience has been.

Where to Purchase a Magazine Speed Loader

At The Hub, we have an extensive selection of firearms and accessories, including magazine loaders. You can browse these options online or visit us in Tucson or Lakeside.

Purchase a magazine loader today.

Traditional vs MILO Range Benefits

At The Hub’s Tucson location, we have a traditional indoor shooting range and a virtual-reality MILO Range. Both of these are great for practicing your skills. Depending on which range you visit, you can enjoy many different benefits.

Indoor Shooting Range

Our indoor gun range has two lanes and you can bring your own firearm or rent one of ours.

Some of the benefits of visiting our traditional range include:

Practice Using Your Gun

You should know how to use any firearms you own. If you are using your gun for home defense or concealed carry, it’s a good idea to be as familiar as possible with its operation. Visiting our shooting range allows you to practice shooting your weapon accurately.

Physical Health

Shooting engages your core and arm muscles while also helping to improve your stamina. Time at the range is also a great way to reduce stress, which can improve your health and overall wellbeing.

Try Before You Buy

If you are considering buying a new firearm, it can be incredibly helpful to try it out first. The Hub allows you to rent various different models at our indoor range. You’ll even get a discount of $15 off if you purchase a gun after renting it.

MILO Range

Our MILO virtual-reality simulator projects high-quality video scenarios onto a screen and you use a laser gun to interact with the simulation. The outcome will depend on the decisions you make and there are a variety of different scenarios available to try.

Some of the benefits of visiting our MILO Range include:

Real-Life Situations

While a traditional range is great for target practice, it does not present a realistic situation for self-defense. MILO simulations are designed to reflect actual scenarios where you might need to use your firearm. This helps you prepare for the quick decisions you could need to make in an emergency.

Professional-Grade Training

Law enforcement agencies and military units worldwide use the MILO Range to provide safe and realistic training. This means that when you use this training simulator, you have the benefit of state-of-the-art technology and scenarios that are designed to provide the highest level of realism and tactical benefits.

Supervised Practice

When you book a training session, a Hub Simulator Safety Officer (HSSO) will help tailor your time at the range to your needs. They will also look for factors that you can focus on to improve your skills and become more prepared for worst-case scenarios.

Book Time

Our traditional range and our MILO simulator are both beneficial for your tactical training. You can book time at either one by contacting us. If you would like to further hone your skills, we also offer training and concealed carry weapon (CCW) classes.

Contact The Hub today to schedule time at our physical shooting range or MILO simulator.

Choosing the Right Holster

If you are purchasing a gun for concealed carry, you should have a holster to go with it. This is usually a better choice than a bag because it is easier to draw your firearm quickly while also preventing others from gaining access to your weapon. A holster is an essential gun accessory and it’s important to choose the best one for your needs. A high-quality option is more comfortable, safer, and can make a big difference if you ever need to use your gun to defend yourself.

Some qualities to look for in a concealed carry holster:


Since you will likely be wearing the holster for long periods of time, it’s important that it feels comfortable. Otherwise, you may end up fidgeting or adjusting it during the day, which can make it obvious that you are carrying a firearm. This can not only make others uncomfortable but can also be a safety risk. It’s a good idea to test your holster in a variety of situations including sitting, standing, driving, walking, et cetera. This helps make sure that it feels right for you.

Keeps Your Gun Securely in Place

If your gun moves around throughout the day, it might be in a different position than it should be if you need to use it. Your firearm should always stay in the same position. Additionally, it’s important that the weapon is not at risk of falling out when you are going about your day-to-day activities. It should also be secure enough to stay in place even if you are running or fighting off an attacker.

A good way to test this is to place an unloaded gun into a potential holster. (Make absolutely sure the gun is unloaded. You should check this yourself and never assume a firearm is unloaded unless you have personally verified this fact.) Then, wear the holster as you would normally. Jump up and down and make sure the firearm stays in place. You can also put the unloaded gun in the holster and then hold it upside down to make sure the weapon remains secure.


A concealed carry weapon should be hidden unless you need it, so it’s important that a holster does not stand out. Try using a potential holster as you would normally with the clothing you typically wear. If you can clearly see the gun, then you may need a different style of holster.

Drawing From the Holster

In a self-defense situation, you should be able to quickly and easily draw your weapon. This will partially depend on the holster itself, so the design and placement should feel natural. However, even the best holster and the perfect concealed handgun are not going to be beneficial if you do not know how to use them. The Hub offers firearms training that will help you hone your skills and prepare for the worst-case scenario. We also offer concealed carry weapon (CCW) permit classes.

Purchase a Holster at The Hub

You can purchase a concealed carry holster and other accessories at The Hub. Our gun experts are happy to help you find the best fit for your needs.

Visit us online or at either of our Arizona gun stores to browse our selection of holsters.

Common Types of Gun Accessories

In addition to purchasing a firearm, you may want to consider gun accessories. There are many different options available and this can be overwhelming, especially if you are a first-time gun owner. At The Hub, we are here to help. You can always ask our staff about any accessories you are considering or which accessories might be helpful for your firearm(s).

Here are some of the most common types of gun accessories you may want to consider:

Gun Holsters

If you are purchasing a handgun for concealed carry, you should have a holster to go with it. This allows you to keep your firearm safely on your person. Holsters are usually a better option than bags because it is harder for a criminal to gain access to your gun if it is holstered.


For long guns, it’s incredibly beneficial to have a sling if you are going to be hunting. The most important factor in finding the right rifle sling is making sure that it is comfortable to use. As with any gun accessory, usability should be your primary focus.

Gun Cleaning Kits

Cleaning your gun is important to keep it functioning properly. Purchasing a kit makes it easier to have all the necessary cleaning supplies available when you need them. You can also buy everything you need separately, depending on your preference.

Tactical Flashlights

If you are using your gun for home defense, it is very important that you are able to quickly illuminate the area if an attack occurs at night. You can either keep a tactical flashlight in the same place as your weapon or you can purchase a flashlight that attaches to your firearm.


Rifle scopes are essential for hunting and there are many different varieties available. In general, it’s a good idea to start with something simple so you know you will be able to use it effectively. As you become more experienced, there are many high-tech options such as night-vision scopes or scopes with attached strobe lights.

Magazine Loaders

A magazine loader can make your life easier and save you time when reloading your gun. This is a great accessory to have available for the sake of convenience, although it is not strictly necessary for functionality.


Suppressors, also called silencers, are more regulated than most other types of gun accessories since they fall under the National Firearms Act (NFA). However, they can be incredibly useful and may be worth the additional effort depending on your specific needs. These accessories muffle the sound of a gunshot, which can reduce damage to your ears if you need to fire your gun in an emergency without ear protection.

Purchasing Gun Accessories at The Hub

At The Hub, our gun experts are happy to discuss which accessories are best for your needs. No question is too complex or too basic for us to help you with.

Where to Buy

You can browse our wide selection of accessories at our Tucson and Lakeside gun stores. You can also visit our online shop.

Purchase gun accessories from The Hub today.

Buying a Gun in Arizona

If you are buying a gun in Arizona for the first time, you may be wondering what to expect. At The Hub, we strive to provide an ideal environment for both experts and new firearm owners. This means that if you have questions about purchasing your first gun, we are here to help. However, please note that we cannot offer legal advice. The information in this article is for educational purposes only and while we can answer general questions, we cannot give specific advice about local or federal gun laws.

Can You Own a Gun in Arizona?

State laws in Arizona outline who can and cannot purchase a firearm. However, federal laws still apply when buying a gun from a federally-licensed dealer. One case where this is relevant is if you are between 18 and 21 years of age. In Arizona, laws are the same for handguns and long guns, and you can own either type of gun if you are 18 or older. However, on a federal level, you must be over 21 to buy a handgun but can purchase a long gun once you turn 18. This means that when buying from a gun shop in Arizona, you must be 21 years or older to purchase a handgun and 18 years or older to purchase a long gun. You must also be over 21 to purchase any type of ammunition.

In addition to meeting age requirements, you must provide a valid driver’s license (additional restrictions apply if you are not an Arizona resident). You also must not be a prohibited possessor as these individuals may not own firearms. As with age, both federal and state laws apply when purchasing from a federally-licensed gun dealer.

The following disqualify you from buying a gun in Arizona:

  • A court has legally declared you a danger to yourself or others or mentally incompetent.
  • You have been convicted of a felony or are on probation or parole.
  • You are not a legal resident of the United States. Some exceptions do apply for special cases, such as diplomats.

The following disqualify you on a federal level, in addition to the factors listed above:

  • You are currently facing felony charges.
  • You were discharged from the military under dishonorable conditions.
  • There is currently a court order restraining you from stalking, harassing, or threatening an intimate partner or their child.
  • You have one or more convictions for domestic violence (including misdemeanors).
  • You are an unlawful user of any controlled substance. Note that this does include marijuana and even if you have a medical marijuana card, you are still considered an unlawful user under federal law and may not possess a firearm.

Purchasing a Firearm

When you purchase a firearm in Arizona from a licensed store, you will need to undergo a background check, unless you possess a valid concealed carry weapons (CCW) permit. This process is relatively quick. You will need to fill out a form and then the gun shop will run your driver’s license through an FBI system. Intentionally providing false information on this form is a federal felony.

There are three possible results: approved, denied, and delayed. If you are approved, you simply pay for your firearm and the process is complete. In the case of denial, you will not be able to purchase the gun. If you feel you were denied in error or do not understand why you were disqualified, you can contact a lawyer for assistance. A delayed result indicates that there are factors that require further investigation. This is usually resolved within three business days.

NFA-Controlled Items

Items that are regulated by the National Firearms Act (NFA) have additional regulations. This includes short-barreled rifles, short-barreled shotguns, and suppressors. If you are purchasing any of these, you will need to register it with the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives (ATF). The Hub specializes in NFA-controlled items and we are happy to go over how this process works.

Purchase a Gun at The Hub

If you are buying a gun in Tucson or Lakeside, visit The Hub and check out our extensive selection.

Full Metal Jacket vs Hollow-Point Bullets

There are many different types of ammunition and choosing the right kind is essential. In addition to ensuring they are the proper caliber, you will need to pick a type of bullet that fits your needs. This is usually either full metal jacket (also called FMJ) or hollow-point bullets. Both of these varieties of ammo are suited for different purposes. You should understand how they work and when to use them.

Bullet Basics

To understand the difference between full metal jacket and hollow-point bullets, you should first have a basic idea of how ammunition works. While you may hear people refer to the ammunition you load into a gun as “bullets,” the bullet is actually only one part of the ammo. The whole unit is called a cartridge.

The parts of a cartridge are:

  • Primer: This is a small piece of metal that a gun’s firing pin strikes. The impact creates a spark.
  • Gunpowder: After the firing pin strikes the primer, the resulting spark ignites the gunpowder. The gas produced by this explosion propels the bullet.
  • Bullet: The bullet is the portion that leaves the barrel of a gun and strikes the target.
  • Casing: The casing is the metal that encloses the whole cartridge. It is ejected from the firearm.

The size of the bullet determines the caliber and this is also the part that differs between FMJ and hollow-point ammunition.

FMJ Bullets

A full metal jacket bullet has a soft lead core with a shell around it that is made from a harder metal. This type of ammunition was invented in 1882 by Swiss Colonel Eduard Rubin to prevent the deformation of bullets during loading and shooting and reduce lead build-up in the barrel. FMJ ammunition is less expensive and you may not need to clean your gun as frequently when using it. However, since these bullets do not expand in soft tissue, they often pass right through their targets. This makes them a poor choice for self-defense because they have diminished stopping power. You also need to be aware of what is behind any target you shoot when using full metal jacket bullets.

Hollow-Point Bullets

Hollow-point ammunition has the tip of the bullet hollowed out. As a result, it will expand when it makes contact with a target. The metal mushrooms out and creates a larger wound cavity inside the target. This is more likely to stop an attacker in the case of self-defense or to take down an animal in the case of hunting. Unlike FMJ ammo, hollow-point bullets get stuck within soft tissue and are unlikely to cause damage by coming out the other side and striking an unintended target.

Which Type of Bullet Should You Use?

In general, we recommend using FMJ bullets for training only. The low cost of full metal jacket ammunition does make it a good choice for the shooting range. However, they are less effective for hunting or self-defense and introduce additional safety concerns if they move through your intended target. Hollow-point bullets are usually the best choice for these applications.

Firearm Training at The Hub

At The Hub, we offer private training and concealed carry weapon (CCW) classes where you can learn more about how to use your weapon. You can also purchase ammunition at either of our two Arizona gun stores or online. Our experts are happy to help if you have any questions about which type of bullet is best for your needs.

Visit us today to purchase FMJ or hollow-point bullets.



All About the MP5

The Heckler & Koch MP5, known as the Maschinenpistole 5 in German, is one of the most commonly used submachine guns in the World. There are more than 100 variations of this model, including fully-automatic and semi-automatic versions.

Learn more about the MP5:

Heckler & Koch

The history of Heckler & Koch began after World War II when the German town where the company is located (Oberndorf) was under French control. The town had a factory for Mauser, a German arms manufacturer. The French occupying forces destroyed the factory in 1948. Three former Mauser engineers (Edmund Heckler, Theodor Koch, and Alex Seidel) started Engineering Office Heckler & Co, a machine tool plant, in the vacant factory. They changed their name to Heckler & Koch in December 1949.

In 1956, the government of West Germany requested proposals for a new infantry rifle. In response, Heckler & Koch designed the G3 Battle Rifle, which was based on a rifle produced by the Spanish armaments manufacturer Centro de Estudios Tecnicos de Materiales Especiales (CETME). The G3 became the standard rifle of the Bundeswehr (German Federal Army) in 1959.

History of the MP5

After Hecker & Koch’s success in designing the G3 automatic rifle, they created a variety of different small arms based on this model starting in 1964. The MP5 was chambered for the 9x19mm Parabellum pistol cartridge and was originally called the HK54. In 1966, the German Federal Police adopted the firearm. Throughout the late 1960s and 1970s, Heckler & Koch continued to develop variations of this design for different uses.

The MP5 became widely known in 1980 due to its use by the British Special Air Service (SAS) during Operation Nimrod. This occurred after six terrorists stormed the Iranian Embassy in London and took 26 individuals hostage. The SAS raid, which lasted 17 minutes, was televised and viewed by millions of people in the United Kingdom. It became a defining moment in British history and brought increased attention to both the British SAS and the MP5.

In the United States, the MP5 was a mainstay of special weapons and tactics (SWAT) teams until the 1990s. At this point, many teams began to replace it with more modern 5.56 carbines. However, many police forces around the world still use the MP5.

MP5 Variants

There are many different versions of the MP5 design. One of the most well-known is the MP5K. The K stands for “kurz,” the German word for “short,” because the MP5K is a shortened, machine pistol variant of the MP5. It was designed for close-quarters combat, weighs approximately 4.4 pounds, and is 13 inches long.

Some other MP5 variants include:

  • MP5A1: This was the first model to have a slimline handguard and ring front sight. It does not have a buttstock.
  • MP5A2: This version has a fixed buttstock.
  • MP5SD: Heckler & Koch introduced the MP5SD in 1974. It has a built-in suppressor and the Green Berets used this weapon during the Vietnam War.
  • HK94: This was the original American import of the MP5. It was designed for civilian use and had an SF (safe/semi-automatic) trigger group.

Fire an Automatic Gun at The Hub

At The Hub, you can shoot a fully-automatic Heckler & Koch machine gun in a safe environment. The experience of shooting a full-auto firearm is unforgettable.

Visit our shooting range today to fire an automatic firearm.

Why Firearms Training is Helpful

Whether you are a new gun owner or an experienced shooter, firearms training can be beneficial. During a training session, you will learn valuable skills that will improve your marksmanship and the handling of your weapon. This will be conducted under the supervision of an experienced instructor. The Hub in Tucson now offers Handgun 101 classes as well as Skill Builders. These are in addition to our concealed carry weapon (CCW) classes and our multiple firearms training courses that are available at our Lakeside location.

Here are some of the benefits of handgun training:

For Beginners

Supervised Hands-On Learning

Reading articles online and watching videos can help you get an idea of some basic shooting techniques. However, it’s difficult to learn effectively without an expert to guide you. During a training session, you get real-time feedback and tips on how to use your handgun.

Gun Safety

Safe handling is absolutely essential and working with an expert means you can be sure you are learning how to safely operate your weapon. Learning and following gun safety rules is an important step to being a responsible gun owner.

Build a Strong Foundation

Mastering the basics creates a strong foundation that will continue to benefit you. Every skill builds on what you’ve already learned. Taking a Handgun 101 class ensures that you are starting your journey as a gun owner with a solid grasp of the essential skills.

For Experienced Shooters

Tailored to You

The Hub’s handgun training sessions are one-on-one. This allows us to adapt the training to your skill level and move at your pace. Our tips and exercises are based on your specific goals so you get the maximum benefit.

Develop Valuable Skills

We can cover a variety of topics in our Skill Builders.

These include:

  • Pistol-mounted optics
  • Concealed carry and drawing from a holster
  • Advanced pistol manipulation
  • One hand and off hand training

Tests and Drills

Once you have worked on developing a skill, we can help you evaluate your performance with tests and drills. These can cover reloading, shooting, and other aspects of using your handgun and can be based on time or score. After you complete the drill, we will give you some tips on how you can improve.

Handgun Training at The Hub

If you are ready to take your skills to the next level, The Hub can help. Our Handgun 101 classes and Skill Builders are both one-on-one and can be scheduled any time the store and range are open, depending on instructor availability. Since you work directly with the instructor, you can move at your own pace and won’t be slowed down to accommodate anyone else. All of our focus and attention is on you during these sessions. Whether you are training for self-defense or hunting, our training teaches you the skills you need.

To schedule firearms training, contact us today.

How Night Vision for Scopes Works

Scopes are an important firearm accessory for hunters and additional features can help you get the most benefit out of your optics. Night vision for scopes is one example. This technology allows you to see more clearly in low light conditions and is essential for night hunting.

Here is how night vision works:

Traditional Optoelectronic Image Enhancement

Older scopes use optoelectronic image enhancement and the technology in newer night vision scopes is also based on this traditional method.

The way it works is that light enters the scope through the objective lens. This captures both visible light and infrared light (which you cannot see with the naked eye). The light then enters an image-intensifier tube, which creates a vacuum using electricity. The first part of the image-intensifier tube converts photons (particles of light) into electrons (small charged particles). These then move to the microchannel plate (MCP). This is a glass disk with a large number of tiny holes. When the electrons pass through these holes, they multiply and increase the electric signal. The electrons then hit a phosphor-coated screen that lights up where the electrons hit it. This creates a green image that you can view through the scope’s ocular lens.

The image is green because when the photons are converted into electrons, it is impossible to preserve the color. Manufacturers of night vision scopes chose to make the image green instead of another color or black and white because our eyes are more sensitive to green light. Green images are also easier to look at for long periods of time without straining your eyes.

Digital Night Vision Scopes

Traditional night vision scopes can be heavy and bulky. Although they use similar principles to optoelectronic image enhancement, digital scopes use digitization instead of multiple lenses to amplify light. This allows them to be smaller and lighter.

Like with a traditional scope, light first enters a digital night vision scope through the objective lens. A complementary metal-oxide semiconductor (CMOS) sensor, which is the same type of sensor a digital camera uses, converts the light into a digital signal. The scope then magnifies this image several times and enhances it electronically. Finally, the image is transported to a screen in the scope for viewing. Some models also let you connect, store, or stream the video for remote viewing using other devices.

Choosing the Right Night Vision Scope

If you want to hunt at night, the proper scope is essential. However, it can be difficult to find the best option for you when there are so many different varieties available. The same principles that help you choose any scope apply when choosing a scope with night vision. You should think about how you will actually use your optics and make sure that using the scope feels natural.

Night Vision Scopes at The Hub

You can browse our selection of night vision optics online or in either of our two physical Arizona gun stores. Our gun experts can help you determine which scopes fit your needs and we are happy to answer any questions you may have.

Visit The Hub today to purchase a night vision scope.

What is Grip Stippling?

There are many modifications that you can make to your firearm to customize the weapon for your needs. One example is grip stippling, which is the process of melting tiny holes into the polymer frame of your handgun. This creates more traction and allows for a more secure grip. Stippling used to be more common for competition firearms, but more and more gun owners are realizing its benefits.

More information about firearm stippling:

What to Know About Grip Stippling

If you are considering stippling your gun, you should be aware of the benefits and drawbacks.


The major benefit of grip stippling is the improved traction it creates. The textured surface is easier to hold. In particular, this is useful if there is increased moisture due to weather conditions, natural oils from your skin, or sweaty palms. If you are using your gun for home defense, stippling can be helpful to make sure you can keep a firm grip on your firearm even in a stressful situation. Stippling also allows for better recoil management and can improve accuracy. This makes it a common modification for competitive shooters.

Potential Drawbacks

Before you stipple your firearm, you should make sure it is the best option for your needs. We recommend only stippling a gun if you plan to keep it, as this modification can reduce the resale value of your weapon. Stippling can also void your warranty depending on the manufacturer, so make sure your gun is working as it should before you make this alteration. If you don’t want to stipple your gun but still want a more textured grip, there are less permanent options such as TALON Grips.

How to Stipple Your Handgun

DIY Grip Stippling

It is possible to stipple your handgun’s grip at home, although you should be extremely careful as melting too deep can damage your firearm. Attention to detail is essential so you do not ruin the appearance of the gun or even break it completely.

Make sure to work in a well-ventilated area to avoid inhaling any fumes. To stipple your gun you will need a soldering iron. If you also want to remove finger grooves from the grip, you will need a Dremel tool. After using the Dremel to make any modifications you would like, you can press the soldering iron into the polymer to create a small hole. Doing this softly results in smaller holes whereas pressing down longer creates a deeper impression.

Professional Stippling

If you don’t want to risk damaging your firearm or go through the hassle of stippling your gun, a professional stipple job can create a more aesthetically-pleasing grip while reducing the risk of damage.

Stippling at The Hub

If you are interested in a stippled grip, The Hub offers packages as well as other options to customize your weapon. If you prefer, you can also purchase TALON Grips or other accessories that add texture without permanently modifying your firearm.

To learn more about grip stippling, contact us today.


Types of Rifle Scopes

Choosing a firearm is an important decision, but the accessories you use with your gun can make a big difference. Optics, such as rifle scopes, can help you shoot more accurately. There are many options to choose from and it can be overwhelming to consider all the choices. This is especially true if you are a first-time gun owner. At The Hub, it is our goal to help you find the best firearms and accessories. Whether you have something specific in mind or need some guidance, our experts are happy to assist you.

Here are some options for rifle scopes: 


Magnification is the degree to which a scope makes targets appear larger. The notation for this is fairly straightforward: a 3X scope makes what you are looking at three times larger, a 9X variety will make it nine times larger, et cetera.

The amount of magnification you need depends on how you plan to use your rifle. You need to make sure that you can see your intended target clearly. Too little magnification can make it difficult to determine where you are shooting and too much can prevent you from seeing everything around the target. Between 1X and 4X works well for target shooting up to 100 yards, small game, or home defense. 5X to 8X are suited for large game hunting, target shooting up to 200 yards, or hunting in an enclosed landscape such as the mountains or forest. Finally, scopes between 9X and 12X are best for target shooting beyond 200 yards or hunting in an open landscape like the desert or a field.

Fixed vs. Variable Magnification Scopes

Some rifle scopes are fixed, meaning they only have one possible magnification setting. Others are variable magnification and you can set a different level depending on your needs. You will see this written as a range, e.g. 3-6X for a scope that can be 3X, 4X, 5X, or 6X.

The benefit of a fixed scope is that you can aim and shoot more quickly. These also tend to be less expensive. However, you can only shoot from one specific range, so it may not be the best choice if you know you will need to change magnification. In general, you should choose a variable scope if you know you will be hunting from a variety of distances. A fixed scope is usually suitable for home defense.

Objective Lens Diameter

The objective lens is the portion at the end of the scope. Its diameter is listed in millimeters (mm). The bigger the diameter, the clearer and brighter the image will be. However, a bigger objective lens also makes the scope heavier and can reflect sunlight and give away your position if you are hunting.

An objective lens under 28 mm is best if your firearm has little recoil, you are hunting at a closer range, or you are using a lower magnification. An objective lens between 30 and 44 mm is suited if your gun has more recoil, you are hunting in low light conditions, or you are using a higher magnification. You should consider a lens over 50 mm if you are using a higher magnification scope in low light or if you are hunting at an extremely long range.

Scope Reticles

The reticle is the crosshairs you see when looking through a scope. There are three common types and each one has different benefits. We recommend trying them out and choosing the one that works best for you. The most important thing is that shooting and aiming should feel natural.

Duplex scope crosshairs


This is the default variety for reticles and is the best choice if you are new to scopes. It works well for hunting and target shooting.

A mil-dot scope reticle


This type of crosshairs estimates a target’s distance. It is mainly used by the military, law enforcement, and security. However, it may be helpful for hunting purposes if you are shooting from a long distance.

A BDC reticle


A ballistic drop compensating (BDC) reticle uses lines or dots to mark the expected drop of a bullet at different ranges. This is an especially good choice for long-distance shooters, although once you learn how to use it, it can be beneficial for all purposes.

Choosing the Right Scope

These are just a few of the different choices you can make when choosing a scope and there are also additional features like night vision, strobe lights, and more. We carry a wide variety of options and can help you find the right scope for you.

For help choosing a scope, visit either of our Arizona gun stores or contact us for more information.

What You Need to Know About the NFA

The National Firearms Act (NFA) was enacted in 1934. This was the first piece of federal gun control legislation in the United States. During this time the nation was in the middle of the Great Depression. Newspapers figured out that readers were weary of stories about the economy and wanted a distraction. There was a rise in stories about gangsters, bank robbers, and bootleggers. This popularized individuals like Bonnie and Clyde and John Dillinger.

Journalists shared these stories and the rise of images, both still and moving, gave the public with the diversion they were looking for. However, the economic hardships and incidents like the St. Valentine’s Day Massacre, strings of bank robberies, and police shootouts also fueled public outrage against uncontrolled gun ownership. This prompted the federal government to change gun laws.

What is the NFA?

To satisfy public outcry towards violent offenses and to reassure the general public, Congress passed the NFA. This legislation put a $200 excise tax on certain types of firearms and firearm accessories. It also required registration and other paperwork. In 1934, this excise tax was outrageous, and very few average citizens could afford it. While the act did not outright ban gun ownership, it did apply stringent rules to owning certain classes of weapons as well as regulating and taxing manufacturers and importers. These classes are machine guns, short-barreled rifles, short-barreled shotguns, silencers/suppressors, destructive devices, and a broad category for “any other weapon.”

Machine Guns

The Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms (ATF) defines machine guns as firearms that fire more than one round per pull of the trigger. This definition includes burst fire weapons and any device that can convert a semi-automatic gun to fully-automatic. Some semi-automatic open-bolt weapons are also regulated under this rule if they were produced after 1982.

Short-Barreled Rifles

This part of the legislation regulates rifles that have barrels shorter than 16 inches. A rifle must fire a projectile through a rifled barrel and also use stock. This legislation does not mention any other configuration besides barrel length and stock, so it is possible to own rifle-caliber pistols.

Short-Barreled Shotguns

Instead of having a rifled barrel, shotguns have a smooth bore, a stock, and a fire shot. In the United States, shotguns must have a barrel at least 18 inches in length. Anything less is a short-barreled shotgun. Some shotguns are also destructive devices. Examples include the Street Sweeper and SPAS-12.


Silencers, also called suppressors, are treated as NFA-controlled firearms even though they are not actual guns. This definition includes any device that reduces the explosive noise of a gun and can be readily attached to it.

Destructive Devices

Destructive devices (DDs) are a broad category that includes any weapon with a bore over .50 inches unless it has a generally recognized sporting purpose. DDs also include explosives, mortars, missiles, poison gases, grenade launchers, and other destructive elements. If a shotgun has no sporting purpose, then it can be a DD.

Any Other Weapon

Any other weapon is another large category of all sorts of interesting weaponry. This includes 12-gauge firearms with a length of less than 26 inches, cane guns, some pen guns and disguised firearms, and guns with forward grips.

How does the NFA apply to you?

The NFA still impacts gun owners today. The $200 tax stamp and transfer taxes still apply as do the burdensome paperwork and regulations. This law was also modified in 1986 under the Hughes Amendment of the Firearm Owners Protection Act. This amendment made it so no more machine guns could be added to the registry. It is very important that before you purchase an NFA-controlled item, you know your state’s laws. Some states regulate or outright prohibit NFA items.

The NFA and The Hub

Let The Hub help you with what you need to know about the NFA. Our experienced staff specializes in NFA-controlled items. We carry a wide variety of guns, parts, and accessories that range from affordable guns for first-time owners to high-end, hard-to-find items for seasoned enthusiasts.

If you have further questions about the NFA or any other firearms, contact us today.

Choosing a Home Defense Gun

Although you may not want to think about the worst-case scenario, it is important to be prepared in the event you need to protect yourself and your family. Choosing a gun for home defense can be difficult, especially if you have not shopped for firearms before. At The Hub, our experts are happy to help you find what you are looking for and answer any questions you may have.

Here are some things to consider:

The Type of Gun

There are many different types of guns and in most cases, which you choose usually has more to do with personal preferences than any one being the “best” choice. Each firearm has its benefits. Some people prefer shotguns because they have more firepower. Others choose handguns since they are easier to handle while moving and can be fired with one hand if necessary. Rifles are also preferred by many because of their larger magazine capacity and increased range. If you are not sure which is right for you, you may want to try firing each type to see what feels more natural and is easier for you to manage. Many people buy one of each so they have the perfect weapon for any situation, so this is also an option.


Once you decide which type of gun you would like, you will have different options for the caliber. This is the size of the barrel and the ammunition (ammo) that the weapon fires. As a general rule, the greater the caliber, the more stopping power the firearm has. However, this also increases the recoil, so if you are a less experienced shooter, a smaller caliber may be a good option to start with. In most cases, .380 Automatic Colt Pistol (ACP) ammo or larger is recommended for self-defense.

Your Environment

When buying a gun, it is also important to consider your specific environment and situation. There is no one-size-fits-all solution and the best way to make sure your new firearm is right for you is to imagine how you would use it in an emergency. You should be realistic and consider all the variables. For example, you will need to consider the possibility of shooting through walls if you live in an apartment. This may mean that a lower caliber weapon is a better choice. If you are in a rural area, you may need a rifle with a longer range. Beyond the actual gun you buy, you should have a plan in place in case you need it to defend yourself and your family. This can help you make more informed decisions about the firearm you purchase.

Firearm Training

Don’t make the mistake of thinking that getting a gun and forgetting about it is an effective way to prepare for an emergency. Training and practice are essential for multiple reasons. As a gun owner, you are responsible for anything that happens with your firearm. This means you should know how to assess a situation quickly to make decisions regarding when to fire. You also need to know how to shoot accurately and be aware of your entire environment to ensure you only hit the intended target.

Our MILO Range is an excellent tool for improving your tactical judgement with real-world scenarios, whereas our physical gun range allows you to practice actually firing your weapon. Taking a concealed carry weapon (CCW) class is another way to develop your skills and is helpful even if you plan to use your weapon primarily for home defense instead of concealed carry.

A Wide Selection of Guns to Fit Your Needs

At The Hub, we have a large variety of firearms for everything from home defense to hunting. Whether you are a first-time buyer or an avid collector, our experts can help you find what you need. We also carry accessories that are beneficial for safe self-defense including gun safes and concealed carry holsters.

To find a gun for home defense or another purpose, visit The Hub today online or in store.

The Steps for Gun Cleaning

Gun cleaning is important to ensure your firearm continues to function properly. Residue from firing can build up over time and could lead to a dangerous malfunction. Cleaning and maintaining your gun regularly gives you peace of mind knowing the firearm is safe.

Here are the steps for cleaning your firearm:

Gather Gun Cleaning Supplies

Depending on your preference, you can either purchase a complete cleaning kit or buy the supplies separately. There may also be some items beyond the basics that you find helpful and the more you clean your gun, the more you will realize what works best for you.

You will need the following: 

  • Gun oil/lubricant
  • Liquid cleaning solvent
  • Bore cleaner brush
  • Nylon cleaning brush
  • Cleaning rod 
  • Cotton swabs
  • Patches and a patch holder
  • Polishing cloths 

Choose a Safe Working Area

You should work in an area that has good ventilation and lighting. Since you will be using various chemicals for cleaning, this should not be anywhere that you eat. The products may also have a strong smell, so you should be aware of this when choosing a location to clean your gun. If you have an outdoor space or an open garage where you can work, this is ideal, but a large room with a nearby open window is also an option.

Unload Your Firearm

Remove all ammunition from the area that you are working in and then unload your gun. Check to make sure there is no round ready to fire, that the magazine is removed, and that the barrel is clear. Double checking that your weapon is unloaded before cleaning is an essential safety step.

Read Your Gun’s Owner’s Manual

The owner’s manual for your gun will give detailed instructions for cleaning. It is important that you follow recommendations for your specific model to stay safe and avoid damaging the firearm.

Disassemble the Weapon if Necessary

Your owner’s manual will tell you how much to take the gun apart during cleaning. In general, you will strip semi-automatic pistols or rifles into their basic components. These are the barrel, slide, guide rod, frame, and magazine. Revolvers and shotguns do not usually need to be taken apart and you will simply open the chamber for cleaning.

Clean and Lubricate the Bore

To clean the inside of the gun’s barrel (bore), attach a patch holder to your cleaning rod. You should then place the patch in the holder and soak it with your solvent. Run it through the barrel, starting at the back if possible. Always remove the patch after you run it through and wipe down the cleaning rod and patch holder. Then, attach the bore brush to the rod and run this through the barrel as well. This loosens any debris. Switch between patches and the brush until a patch comes through clean. After this, run one dry patch through to ensure it is completely clear.

After cleaning the bore, you should lubricate your firearm using your preferred gun oil. To do this, add a few drops of the oil to a patch and run this through the barrel. This should leave a light coating.

Clean and Lubricate the Action

Coat your gun brush with the cleaning solvent and clean every part of the action. Next, dry it off with a cloth. Finally, add a small amount of gun oil to the moving parts. Using too much can gum up the action, especially if you leave the gun in storage after cleaning, so do not use too much.

Polish the Rest of the Gun

Use a polishing cloth to clean the rest of the gun. This will remove fingerprints, debris, and will restore shine to the firearm to keep it looking its best.

How Often Should You Clean Your Gun?

It is best to clean your gun after every time you shoot it. Some people clean less frequently, but regular cleaning is a great way to ensure there is not too much carbon build-up. If you are going to store your firearm, you should make sure that it is cleaned at least once a year. During the gun cleaning process, check for rust or cracks and if you notice any damage, take the weapon to a gunsmith.

Everything You Need for Gun Ownership

The Hub is your one-stop gun shop and you can find firearms, parts, accessories, and equipment. You can buy cleaning supplies including kits and individual items from The Hub online or by visiting either of our Arizona gun stores. To hear some of our recommendations for the best gun cleaning products, you can check out Episode 266 of our Get on Target podcast.

Visit us today to purchase gun cleaning products and more.

AR-10 vs. AR-15

In the 1950s, the Fairchild Aircraft company created a subdivision known as Armalite. This company designed lightweight, semi-automatic rifles. Since Armalite was relatively small, they focused on prototyping designs and selling them to larger manufacturers. Two of their most popular models are the AR-10 and the AR-15, which they sold to Colt in 1959. Although the AR-15 is the more well-known of the two, the AR-10 is also an excellent firearm to add to your collection.

Learn more about the differences between these guns:

Similarities Between the AR-10 and AR-15

One of the main similarities between these two rifle models is that they were designed to be incredibly lightweight. This is achieved by using lighter metals (such as aluminum alloy) and high-tech plastics.

Both models also use a direct impingement gas operation system. This means that gas from when a cartridge explodes is directed into the bolt carrier. As a result, the action cycles and a new cartridge can be placed into the chamber for firing. This allows the gun to operate without a separate gas cylinder, piston, or operating rod.

In general, the two styles of rifle look similar and have similar functionality. In fact, many parts are interchangeable between the two.


The AR-10 was a precursor to the AR-15, but this does not mean it is less advanced. AR-10 rifles have a longer barrel, weigh slightly more, and are larger as a whole. This is because they generally fire a larger caliber of cartridge. 7.62 NATO and .308 Winchester are common calibers for AR-10-style rifles. You may also see 6.5 Creedmoor and .260 Remington options.

Some great choices for AR-10s are:


AR-15-style rifles are among the most popular firearms in the United States. Many gun enthusiasts like to build and customize their own AR-15-style rifles. The main difference between this design and the AR-10 is that the AR-15 is smaller, lighter, and has a shorter barrel. It also uses different calibers, generally .223 Remington or 5.56 NATO.

Some great choices for AR-15s are:

Which Rifle is Best?

Choosing between an AR-10 and AR-15 often comes down to personal preference. You may want to try out both designs, as well as trying a few different models of each, to determine which one is best for you. Both are excellent guns and the quality often depends on the manufacturer.

In general, AR-15s have less recoil since they are slightly lighter. Many experts recommend AR-15-style rifles for home defense or small game hunting. Since the AR-10 uses a larger caliber, it is ideal to use as a big game hunting rifle.

Buy AR-10s and AR-15s at The Hub

At The Hub, we have a large selection of guns, parts, and accessories. These include National Firearms Act (NFA) controlled weapons as well as a wide range of rifles, shotguns, and handguns. We are happy to help you find exactly what you are looking for and if we don’t have it in stock, we will find a way to get it for you.

Visit us online, in Lakeside, or in Tucson to purchase an AR-10, AR-15, or other firearm.

Different Types of Guns

There are many types of guns. Most are split into two general categories, handguns and long guns. As a general rule, handguns use a smaller caliber ammunition than their larger counterparts and have a shorter barrel. Long guns fire larger caliber rounds from longer barrels and are meant to be fired from the shoulder.

Both of these two general categories can be broken down into subcategories:


Handguns come in many shapes and sizes, with various options for what caliber ammunition they use. These firearms are good choices for home defense and range practice. The most basic types of handguns are revolvers and semi-automatics.


Revolvers are generally run by a cylinder. They are great for new firearm owners because they are more simple to operate and maintain than semi-automatic handguns. However, they hold fewer bullets and reloading can take longer.

How revolvers fire can be broken down into two categories: single-action and double-action. Single-action revolvers only fire when the shooter manually cocks the hammer. As the hammer moves back, it turns the cylinder that contains the ammunition, putting it into line to fire. You will need to repeat this every time you want to fire the weapon.

You can fire a double-action revolver either by cocking the hammer or by just pulling the trigger. Not cocking the hammer results in a longer trigger pull. If you want a shorter trigger pull, you can still cock the hammer manually. However, this may increase the firing time.

Semi-Automatic Pistols

Semi-automatic pistols are magazine fed. When you fire this type of handgun the gas released propels the slide back and forth, which ejects the old round and automatically puts a new round in. In order to fire the first round of a semi-automatic, you will have to load the weapon and pull the slide back to rack a round into the chamber. After this, the weapon will fire a single shot with every trigger pull for as long as it has ammunition. This handgun is quick loading and carries more bullets than a revolver. Some experts believe that the revolver has better functionality as the semi-automatic can jam when being fired, though this is rare.

Long Guns

Like handguns, long guns come in a large variety of sizes and calibers. How they function can vary greatly. A few of the more common long guns and rifles include lever-action and bolt-action rifles,  semi-automatic rifles, and shotguns.

Lever-Action and Bolt-Action Rifles

Lever-action and bolt-action rifles are often talked about together, but they are different in how they function. The essential differences are the way the bolt is operated and locks into position and the location of the bolt versus the location of the lever.

The bolt on a bolt-action firearm is commonly on the right-hand side of the handle. To operate the handle, the bolt is unlocked and pulled back, opening the breech. This action ejects any spent cartridge and cocks the firing pin. If available, a new cartridge is loaded into the chamber and the bolt is locked in place for firing.

The lever on a lever-action firearm is located near the trigger guard area and often includes the trigger guard itself. When the shooter works the lever, it loads fresh ammunition into the chamber of the barrel. Lever-action and bolt-action rifles have advantages and disadvantages and there is some debate over which is better. However, both types of rifles have remained popular for sporting use.

Semi-Automatic Rifles

Semi-automatic rifles are self-loading rifles. While they can vary greatly in form and functionality, they all have one thing in common. These types of guns uses gas or recoil energy to eject the spent shell and a new round is chambered from the magazine. This allows another bullet to fire when the shooter pulls the trigger again. Most also have rifled barrels, which means that there are grooves lengthwise across the inside of the barrel. When the bullet fires through the barrel, these grooves cause the bullet to spin, allowing it to travel at a greater velocity and enhancing accuracy.

These types of firearms are popular for use in sport shooting, hunting, and for self-defense.


Shotguns differ from rifles as they are uniquely able to fire shells containing pellets, shots, or slugs of different sizes and types. Unlike rifles, shotgun barrels are typically not rifled or grooved inside. There are two types of shotguns which differ in how they function. These are the pump-action shotgun and the semi-automatic shotgun.

Both of these use shotgun ammo, but the pump-action shotgun requires the user to move the slide backwards and forwards manually to load each shell. Semi-automatic shotguns use the force created by the previous shot to automatically eject the empty shell case and chamber the next round.

Do You Have Questions About Types of Guns?

If you have questions about different types of firearms or want to make sure we have what you are looking for, call our experts at The Hub. We are happy to help.

Visit The Hub today and browse the different types of guns and ammo that we offer.

The Basics of Calibers

The term “caliber” can refer to a gun barrel or to ammunition. It can be measured in inches or millimeters (mm). A gun’s caliber is the internal diameter of the barrel. When referring to ammo, it is the diameter of the bullet. To clarify the terminology, a cartridge is the entire unit that you load into your firearm, whereas the bullet only refers to the metal projectile that the gun fires. Calibers are important to consider when choosing a firearm and each one has its own pros and cons.

Bullet Calibers

The following list includes some of the most popular calibers for bullets and some information about each one. Although it does not cover every type of bullet, it is a good beginner’s guide to the most common calibers you will see when shopping for a firearm or ammo.

.22 LR

.22 Long Rifle (LR), commonly referred to as just “twenty-two,” is a good starting caliber if you have never fired a gun before. It is the most commonly sold ammo in the world. Since the bullets are relatively small, the recoil on a .22 LR firearm is less intense. They also make less noise when firing. Their smaller size does have an effect on their power. Most experts don’t consider them the best option for self-defense. This caliber works well for hunting small game.

.380 ACP, .38 Special, and .357 Magnum

.380 Automatic Colt Pistol (ACP) bullets actually have a diameter of 0.36 inches. This is the same as the .38 Special and .357 Magnum. The difference between the three is the length of the cartridge. The .380 ACP is the shortest and .357 Magnum is the longest. The .380 ACP is generally considered the smallest caliber that is reasonable for self-defense. .38 Special and .357 Magnum have more recoil than the .380 ACP. It is important to note that while the diameter is the same, you should not use any ammo in your gun that is not suggested in the owner’s manual and the differing lengths prevent these calibers from being interchangeable.


9mm has the same diameter as .380 ACP, .38 Special, and .357 Magnum. There are a few different types of 9mm rounds, but the most common is the 9mm Luger, which is used for pistols. 9mm is the standard caliber for most police forces around the world and it is a great choice for concealed carry.

.45 ACP

Many gun enthusiasts recommend .45 ACP rounds since the larger size gives these bullets superior stopping power. The main downsides are that the magazine will hold fewer cartridges, the increased recoil can be a problem for less experienced shooters, and ammo is more expensive than for 9mm rounds.

.223 Remington and 5.56×45 mm

.223 Remington (.223) and 5.56x45mm (5.56 NATO) calibers are very similar in size. 5.56 NATO rounds have more pressure than .223, so it is dangerous to fire 5.56 NATO ammo in a .223 rifle. In some cases, you may be able to fire .223 ammo in a 5.56 NATO gun, although you should always check the specific recommendations in your firearm’s owner’s manual. This caliber is common for AR-15-style-rifles and its smaller size results in a light recoil.

.308 Winchester and 7.62x51mm

.308 Winchester (.308) and 7.62x51mm (7.62 NATO) rounds are both rifle rounds and are similar in size. Mixing these requires special knowledge, so it is usually best to stick with the round that is recommended for your specific firearm. These are popular choices for hunting and are used in heavier caliber machine guns.

Questions about Calibers?

If you have questions about different calibers, you can always ask our experts at The Hub. Whether you are a seasoned enthusiast or a first-time buyer, we are happy to help you find exactly what you are looking for.

Visit The Hub today and browse the different calibers of guns and ammo that we offer.

Tips for Safe Concealed Carry

Carrying a concealed weapon can be a great way to protect yourself and your family if the worst-case scenario ever occurred. However, it is also an important responsibility and you should make sure you understand how to stay safe while carrying a firearm. By taking advantage of your right to practice concealed carry, you are accepting the responsibility of acting with the utmost precaution and care. It is important that you ensure the safety of both yourself and those around you.

Here are a few simple tips for safer concealed carry:

Earn Your CCW Permit

Arizona is a constitutional carry state, which means that if you can legally own a gun and meet requirements for age, you can carry your weapon openly or concealed without a concealed carry weapon (CCW) permit. However, the state does issue permits and there are many reasons that you should consider getting your Arizona CCW.

One of these is the additional safety training you get by taking a CCW class. The process of earning your permit teaches you safety tips that you may not have learned otherwise. You will also learn about important state laws and regulations for carrying your firearm. The Hub’s CCW classes fulfill Arizona requirements to earn your permit and your certificate of completion acts as hard-copy proof of your knowledge of gun safety.

Concealed Carry Holster vs. Purse

Your two main choices for concealing your weapon are a holster or a purse. In most cases, we recommend a holster. This will wrap around your body and attach to your clothes, making them the best way to keep your gun on you safely at all times. Their shape is designed to specifically hold firearms while offering the weapon protection against debris. While a purse can be taken from you with your gun inside, it is more difficult for a criminal to gain access to your holster. We discuss this in our Get on Target podcast episode “Top CCW Questions Answered.”

It is essential that you have control of your gun at all times and that you can quickly and easily access it in case of an emergency. The best way to do this with a holster is to have the tip of the gun facing down and concealed inside the pocket of the holster. Many concealed carry holsters will conceal the gun trigger to prevent any unwanted access. When buying a holster, you should consider multiple options to find the best one for your needs. You can browse our selection of gun holsters online or visit us in store.

Don’t Fidget

When carrying a concealed weapon in public, it is best to make sure those around you are not aware of your weapon. By touching and fidgeting with your holster and gun, you are likely to alert strangers to the presence of your firearm. This can make the people around you uncomfortable and nervous. If you are not using your gun, you should keep it concealed and avoid drawing attention to it.

The Benefits of Concealed Carry

Carrying a concealed weapon can bring you a better sense of confidence in being able to protect yourself in a dangerous situation. However, you will be more successful in guaranteeing your safety and protecting those around you if you practice these safety tips.

CCW Classes and Holsters at The Hub

The Hub is your one-stop shop for guns, safety training, and firearm accessories. We offer Arizona CCW classes and a large selection of holsters so you can safely conceal your firearm.

Contact us today to learn more about how we can help you earn a concealed carry permit or properly secure your concealed firearm.

What Does a CCW Class Cover?

Although Arizona does not require a permit to conceal carry a weapon, taking a concealed carry weapon (CCW) class and earning your permit can be very beneficial. Earning your permit gives you reciprocity in other states and may allow you to carry your weapon in more locations. In addition, these classes teach you important legal and safety information that can help you be more prepared if you need to use your gun for self-defense.

Our CCW class covers the following:

Arizona CCW Requirements

In order to earn an Arizona CCW permit, you must meet certain requirements:

  • Be a legal resident of Arizona or a US Citizen
  • Be over 21 years old or over 19 years old with proof of military service
  • Have no felony convictions or indictments
  • Have no mental illness causing you to be institutionalized or deemed mentally incompetent by the state

In addition, Arizona Revised Statutes (ARS) 13-3112 requires CCW permit holders to demonstrate competence with a firearm. In most cases, the best way to prove this is by completing a permit class. Our CCW class at The Hub covers all the information necessary for you to earn your permit. At the end of the class, we will help you fill out and send all the forms necessary to get your CCW.

Gun Safety

One of the most important topics we cover in our CCW class is gun safety. As a responsible gun owner, there are certain guidelines you should follow to keep yourself and your family as safe as possible. Our classes cover safe handling, care, and storage for your firearms.

Legal Concerns

Understanding Arizona’s laws regarding concealed carry, self-defense, and gun ownership is important to help you avoid legal issues. Not knowing the current laws in place can put everyone’s safety at risk and you could lose your right to own a gun if you are convicted of a felony. During our CCW class, we will go over some of the most important legal topics related to concealed carry. This includes where you can and cannot carry your weapon, when you should inform law enforcement officers about a concealed weapon, and what the definition of self-defense includes.

Hands-On Practice

Our CCW classes are designed to not only give you valuable information in a classroom setting but to also give you hands-on practice using a firearm for self-defense.

Lakeside: Shooting Range

At our Lakeside location, our CCW class includes live fire at our indoor shooting range. This allows you to practice handling and firing your weapon under the guidance of a professional. Practicing in this setting helps you to better understand how you can use your firearm for self-defense and allows you to ask any questions you have about operating your weapon.

We require that anyone taking our CCW class possess basic firearm skills including loading and unloading. If you are a complete beginner, we offer 101 training courses.

Tucson: MILO Range

Our Tucson gun store has a state-of-the-art MILO Range. This is a virtual reality system that allows you to use laser pistols to act out real-life self-defense situations. Our Enhanced CCW “+” Class includes time on our MILO Range under the supervision of our highly-skilled instructors.

CCW Classes at The Hub

If you are interested in our CCW classes, contact us today to learn more.

Reasons to Own a Gun Safe

Owning a gun is a serious responsibility and it’s important that you properly secure your firearms. A gun safe is one way you can accomplish this. Safes keep your weapons away from unauthorized users. Depending on the type of safe you buy, it may also protect them from fire or water damage. Some safes even have biometric controls for quicker access if you need your weapon in an emergency.

Here are some of the benefits of owning a gun safe:

Protect Your Children

If you have children, especially young children, owning a gun safe is a good idea. Children are curious and restricting a child’s access to firearms in your home can help prevent tragedy. Keeping your guns securely stored allows you to teach your child the importance of gun safety and gives you peace of mind that they will not accidentally gain access to your weapons.

Protect Yourself Legally

Imagine that someone broke into your home without causing damage, like going through an unlocked window or using a credit card to open a locked door. If they were to steal your gun and there is no physical damage caused during the break-in, it can be difficult to prove that your gun was stolen. If your firearm is used for criminal activity and you cannot prove that it was stolen, then you could have legal action brought up against you. Even if you can prove that the gun was stolen, if it was not in a secure location, you could still have legal exposure.

This is also true if someone who you’ve invited into your home gains access to your gun and has an accident with it, such as a neighbor or babysitter. By securely storing guns in a safe, you can show that you took measures to prevent access. This can help you legally defend yourself if someone uses your gun without authorization.

Homeowners Insurance Coverage

Certain homeowners insurance companies offer discounts if you own a gun safe. In some cases, an insurance company will not offer you full coverage for the value of your guns unless they are stored securely. Making an insurance claim is stressful. Most insurance companies try to pay you the lowest amount possible or get out of paying altogether. Showing you were taking steps to protect your valuables, including your guns, can make it easier and faster to get reimbursed if your guns were damaged or stolen. Be sure to check with your insurance company before you buy a safe as many have different requirements.

Store Valuables

Gun safes are not just for guns. Because gun safes are frequently larger, bolted to the ground, and often resistant to water and fire, they can be a great place to store other valuables. Items such as jewelry, coins, and even important documents can be secured in a safe along with your firearms.

Gun Safes At The Hub

There are many styles and types of gun safes. Electronic lock, wheel and pin combination, key lock, and biometric gun safes are some of the more common types. If you are not sure what kind is best for you, or you want more information, our gun experts are always happy to answer your questions. You can purchase gun safes at either of our locations or from our online store.

Visit us online or in store to purchase a gun safe.

Your Guide to AR-15 Parts

The AR-15 semi-automatic rifle was first designed by Armalite in 1956. It was then sold to Colt in 1959, who sold it as a civilian counterpart to the military M4. Once Colt’s patent expired in 1977, a variety of other companies began to construct AR-15-style rifles. Today, firearms using this model are made by many different manufacturers. AR-15s are also a common choice for those who enjoy assembling their own guns. Building an AR-15 is easier than many would assume and it is a great way to create a fully-customized weapon.

In order to build your own AR-15, you will need to understand the basic parts of this rifle. 

AR-15 Lower Receiver

The lower receiver is the part of the rifle that includes the fire control group, magazine well, and pistol grip. It can be forged (hammered into shape) or billet (milled into shape). Forged receivers are stronger, whereas billet receivers are lighter but slightly weaker.

The lower receiver is the only AR-15 part that is legally considered a firearm. This means that it has a serial number and specific regulations govern its purchase. Some builders prefer to purchase an 80% lower receiver which is not legally considered a firearm. This is an unfinished version of the part and it’s not able to fire without milling. It requires more work to finish an 80% lower receiver, but this is more customizable and may involve fewer fees than purchasing a full lower receiver.

You will also need to buy lower receiver parts, which include: a trigger assembly, trigger guard, magazine catch/release, bolt catch/release, safety selector switch, grip, takedown pins, receiver extension (buffer tube), buffer and spring, and buttstock. You can purchase these in a kit or separately.

Upper Receiver

The AR-15 upper receiver houses and protects the components on the top of your rifle. It can be flat top or carry handle. A flat top receiver has a Picatinny railing at the top, whereas a carry handle receiver has a rear sight assembly in this location. This part can be forged, billet, or cast. Cast is the lightest option, but it is also the weakest. You can purchase a stripped upper, which contains only the upper receiver and will require more parts to complete. If you prefer, you can purchase a complete upper, which only needs to be attached to a lower receiver. Parts in the upper receiver group that you will need to attach to a stripped upper include the charging handle, barrel, handguard, and bolt carrier group.

Gas System

Guns fire by using high-pressure gas generated through a gunpowder explosion to propel a bullet. Some of the pressure also ejects the spent cartridge and brings a new one into the chamber. AR-15 rifles use a direct impingement system, meaning that a “gas port” on the chamber vents hot gas into a tube and brings it back to the receiver to automatically cycle the next round. When you build your own AR-15, you will choose the length of the gas block, which is the length between the gas port and the receiver. You should choose the gas system length based on the length of your barrel. From shortest to longest, your options are carbine, mid-length, and rifle.

Furniture and Accessories

Once the functional components of your AR-15 are in place, you will want to add furniture and accessories. Furniture refers to the parts of your gun that you hold/support and includes the stock, grip, and handguard. You will want to pick these based on what feels best for you. Accessories are any other parts to enhance your gun such as scopes or lights.

The Hub, Your Arizona Gun Store

We Can Help You Build Your New AR-15

At The Hub, we specialize in AR-15-style rifles. We carry many versions of these firearms at our Tucson and Lakeside locations and online. We are also happy to help you if you wish to build your own. Our store carries the different AR-15 parts you will need and if we don’t have what you need in stock, we can help you locate it.

Visit The Hub online or in store for AR-15 rifles and parts.

Understanding Arizona CCW Reciprocity

Concealed carry weapon (CCW) reciprocity is a practice across the United States that allows for a permit from one state to be accepted in another. This gives you the ability to conceal carry your firearm in states other than the one where your permit was issued. Arizona CCW reciprocity can help protect your rights while you are in another state with your firearm. Since this does not apply to all states, it is important to check the legal requirements for states you will be traveling to or through.

Arizona is one of the few states that allows you to carry a weapon (concealed carry or open carry) without a permit, provided you meet all legal requirements. However, it still benefits you to obtain a CCW. Arizona CCW reciprocity laws are one major reason for this. When in another state that requires a concealed carry permit, simply being an Arizona resident is not enough to give you the right to carry a concealed handgun or other firearms. No permit means no right to carry your weapon.

Some of the situations where CCW reciprocity could impact you: 

Traveling with a Concealed Weapon

Your firearm can be an important tool for self-defense. When you are traveling away from home, particularly to a place you have never been to before, you may feel uncomfortable and question your safety. In these cases, you might want to have a concealed weapon. You should also consider whether or not you have a firearm in your car. If you are driving across multiple states, you need to consider what the laws are regarding concealed carry in vehicles. Having a CCW permit in Arizona can give you peace of mind in the states that have reciprocity. However, you still need to check local restrictions.

Moving With a Firearm

Moving involves packing up all of your belongings and relocating. In many cases, your new home will be in a different state. The process of moving can be very stressful. The last thing you want to worry about is how to transport your gun(s) and if you will need to get a concealed carry permit in your new state. Arizona CCW reciprocity may cover your new home or any states you pass through during your move. You should check specific regulations for each state you pass through and for the area you will live in so you don’t break any laws that differ from those in Arizona. You may also need to obtain a resident permit in your new state at some point in the future, but having an Arizona CCW can give you more time so you don’t have to worry.

States with Arizona CCW Reciprocity

The following states honor Arizona CCW permits:

  • Alabama
  • Colorado
  • Delaware
  • Florida
  • Georgia
  • Iowa
  • Idaho
  • Indiana
  • Louisiana
  • Montana
  • Michigan
  • North Carolina
  • North Dakota
  • Nevada
  • New Mexico
  • Nebraska
  • Ohio
  • Oklahoma
  • Pennsylvania
  • South Carolina
  • Tennessee
  • Texas
  • Utah
  • Virginia
  • Wisconsin
  • Wyoming

States similar to Arizona that have “permitless carry,” also called constitutional carry, are:

  • Alaska
  • Arkansas
  • Kansas
  • Kentucky
  • Maine
  • Mississippi
  • Missouri
  • New Hampshire
  • South Dakota
  • Vermont
  • West Virginia

If you travel to any of the above states, Arizona CCW reciprocity is valid and you should be able to conceal carry your weapon. However, it is important that you check the local laws for each state where you will possess your weapon. The restrictions on concealed carry can vary, even if there is reciprocity.

The Hub Can Help You Understand Arizona CCW Reciprocity

The Hub offers CCW classes so you can earn your permit. This gives you many benefits, including reciprocity in other states. During our classes, we go over important topics related to concealed carry. This includes reciprocity and we are happy to answer any questions you have during our courses.

Contact us today to reserve a spot in one of The Hub’s Arizona CCW classes.


What We Accept At Our Pawn Shop

In addition to our gun store, The Hub has a pawn shop where we accept many different types of items. We can exchange for cash, trade, or give you a pawn loan. You can also purchase firearms and other items from our pawn shop to save money compared to traditional retail.

Below is a list of some of the items that we purchase. If you don’t see an item here, bring it in and we will let you know. 


Bring in your old tools to earn some extra cash. You can also purchase items so you can expand your toolbox for upcoming projects. We accept hand and power tools and will give you the best price for both buying and selling. If you bring in power tools, we will test them out before purchasing them to make sure they are in good working condition.


Whether you are looking for something new or looking to get rid of something old, we are the right place for your jewelry needs. Our experts appraise all of our jewelry to ensure their authenticity and that they are of high quality. At The Hub, you can purchase fine jewelry at a much lower cost than you would pay at a retail jewelry store.


As a gun store, we specialize in the buying and selling of guns as well as their parts and accessories. We provide an extensive selection of high-quality guns at a much lower price. If you are wanting to upgrade, bring your old gun in for us to purchase. You will then be able to choose from our many pre-owned guns, or if you prefer, purchase from our selection of new guns at our retail store.


Buying and selling electronics at our pawn shop will help you save money on your next purchase, or get the money you need to upgrade. We accept video games, gaming systems, DVD and Blu-ray systems, laptops, and more. Get rid of what you don’t use and replace it with a new item you love.

Title Loans

Here at The Hub, you can bring in your vehicle as collateral for a pawn loan. We take cars, all-terrain vehicles (ATVs), utility task vehicles (UTVs), and motorcycles. When we assess your vehicle, you can feel confident that you are getting the most money possible.

Musical Instruments

At the pawn shop, we specialize in musical instruments and equipment. Take a look at our wide variety of musical equipment and get a better price than a retail store. We always test the instruments we purchase to make sure they are the best value and are of high quality.


Looking to buy a new set of wheels? The Hub has bicycles for purchase at prices you cannot beat. If you have an old bike and are looking to sell for some cash or a pawn loan, bring it in and we will give you the best price for its value.

And Much More

Visit Our Pawn Shop To Sell Any Item of Value

Unsure if we will take your item? Bring it in and we will let you know. At The Hub pawn shop, we take a variety of items and are always willing to take a look at what you have. We are experts and will assess the value of your items to see if we can offer you cash or a pawn loan at a price that is unbeatable.

Visit our Tucson pawn shop today to buy or sell your valuables.

Determining the Quality of Gun Parts

If you are a gun enthusiast, you want to make sure that all of your firearms and accessories are of the highest possible quality. It is important that your weapon is built to last and that it fits your specific needs. At some point, you may need to purchase gun parts. This may be for building a custom gun or for gun repairs. Either way, you want to make sure that these parts are durable and that there are no major issues with their manufacturing.

Here is a basic guide to determining quality:

Type of Metal for Gun Parts

When you purchase parts, especially gun barrels, you want to make sure that they are made of a suitable metal. Different metals have different properties, so you can pick the type that best suits the gun that you are building or modifying.

Alloy steels are a common option, as these are cost-effective while also being strong enough for long-term use. Stainless steel is an option that works best for items such as hunting weapons that you use outdoors in potentially variable weather. For more high-end weapons, carbon fiber can create a lightweight and durable firearm.


The next thing to consider is how the gun part was shaped. There are two main methods for this. One is metal injection molded (MIM) and the other is computer numeric controlled (CNC). MIM parts are made in molds from metal powder and polymers, whereas CNC parts are carved from a single piece of metal. Many gun enthusiasts prefer CNC gun parts. As a whole, CNC parts have a reputation for higher quality and craftsmanship.

MIM parts can sometimes cause significant issues for gun functionality, especially if there is a problem with the metal powder or with the mold. Because of these issues, some gun enthusiasts avoid MIM parts whenever possible. However, not all MIM parts are created equal and you can still find parts created through MIM that are well-built. The best way to ensure that you select a quality part is to examine it closely for flaws and to always purchase your items from reputable gun dealers, such as The Hub.

Doing Your Research

Before you purchase any gun parts, one of the best things you can do is to do your research. This can involve looking at forums for gunsmithing, reading about the manufacturing process for different parts, and asking other collectors and gunsmiths what gun parts they have the most success with.

You should also research the gun store where you choose to buy your parts. Buying from a low-quality merchant can have serious consequences for the quality of your custom build or repair. You should find a gun shop that sells only the best gun parts, gun accessories, and firearms.


Gun Parts

From The Hub

If you are looking for high-quality gun parts, look no further than The Hub! We only sell the best and make sure that any part you purchase from our gun store works exactly the way it needs to. Our shop also employs gun experts who will ensure that you have all the knowledge you need to make an informed purchase.

Visit our Tucson gun store today and let us know how we can help you find what you are looking for.

Why You Should Visit a VR Gun Range

It’s important for gun owners to get regular practice using their firearms. One way to get this practice is to visit a shooting range to fire your weapon. While this is a great way to practice target shooting, there are some limits to what you can do at a traditional gun range. For one thing, shooting a stationary target or even a moving target does not give you the full experience of using your gun for self-defense. Your tactical skills and ability to protect yourself and your family can benefit from more advanced training. A virtual reality (VR) gun range, such as The Hub’s MILO Range tactical simulator, gives you the opportunity to act out real-life scenarios where you might need to use your weapon.

Here are just a few reasons you should visit our VR shooting range:

Tactical Training

If you want to get the most out of your firearm, you should have some form of tactical training. A VR gun range is a great way to get this experience in a safe, controlled environment. Unlike a traditional shooting range where you shoot at stationary targets, a VR experience such as the MILO tactical simulator helps you learn to shoot moving targets in real-time situations.

When you use The Hub’s MILO, you know you are getting the very best in tactical training. This VR gun range is the same type that law enforcement and the military use to train their personnel. When you use our MILO simulator at The Hub, you work directly with a Hub Simulator Safety Officer (HSSO) who will help you identify areas where you can improve your tactical skills. This helps you tailor your training to your specific needs.

Real-Life Scenarios

A traditional gun range is great for learning firearm basics and practicing aim, but it does not prepare you for real-life emergencies. The MILO tactical simulator lets you act out real-world situations which gives you more experience on how to react if the worst-case scenario ever occurs. Your HSSO will help you pick MILO simulations that best suit your training needs.

A VR gun range lets you see how different reactions can impact these real-life situations in a safe, controlled environment. This gives you a better idea of how using your gun for self-defense actually works. Compared to a traditional shooting range, you have a more immersive experience that can help you be more prepared for life-threatening scenarios.

Fun Outing With Friends

While the MILO tactical simulator is great for self-defense training, it is also a fun thing to do in Tucson with your friends. Our simulators can accommodate up to four people at a time, so you can duel one another or fight zombies at our VR gun range. This will be an outing that you will not soon forget and could be a welcome break from your normal routine.

The Hub’s MILO Simulator

VR Gun Range

Whatever reasons you have for wanting to try a VR gun range, come visit us at The Hub and experience it for yourself. We offer training sessions and entertainment sessions with our MILO tactical simulator, so you can find a scenario that fits your specific needs.

Contact us today to schedule a session with our MILO VR shooting range.

How Does a Suppressor Work?

If you are a gun owner, there are many gun accessories that you should know about. One of the most well-known accessories you can purchase for your firearm is a suppressor. Sometimes called silencers, these reduce the intensity of the sound your weapon makes when it fires. Although the term silencer is popular, you should know that these do not make the firing of your gun “silent” by any means. Although the sound that a firearm makes with a suppressor can vary depending on the make and model, most guns are far from “silent” even with a “silencer.” However, these accessories make using a weapon in self-defense much more feasible and are important for any gun owner to understand.

If you own a firearm, you should understand how a suppressor works and why it is important. 

How Guns Fire

To understand how suppressors work, you must first have a basic understanding of how guns work. Guns fire by igniting gunpowder behind the bullet, which then travels down the barrel of the gun due to an explosion of hot gas. This gas must create a lot of pressure to be able to propel the bullet.

Once the bullet leaves your firearm, the pressure from the gunpowder explosion releases, like when you uncork a bottle. Since the pressure must be high to shoot a gun, the release of this pressure creates an extremely loud sound. This pop is the characteristic sound of a gun firing.

Another reason guns are so loud is due to the speed of the bullet itself. As bullets leave your firearm at high speed, they create small sonic booms. This is not related to the pressure change from the firing mechanism but is solely based on the speed of the bullet.

How Suppressors Reduce Noise

Many people who are not familiar with firearms have a skewed view of what suppressors do. This is partially due to the popular, yet inaccurate, description of these gun accessories as “silencers.” It’s a common misconception that a gun with a suppressor is completely silent and therefore easier to use in covert attacks.

However, gun owners benefit from suppressors in self-defense situations. When you fire a weapon, the sound can be so intense that you are left disoriented and the loud noise can cause damage to your eardrums. If you need to defend your home and family, you cannot afford to worry about being slowed down due to the loud bang of a gun without a suppressor.

Gun Store for NFA-Controlled Items

Suppressors and More

If you need a suppressor or any other hard-to-find or NFA (National Firearms Act) controlled gun or accessory, The Hub can help. The gun experts at our Tucson gun store will help you find exactly what you need for your firearms.

Visit us today at our Tucson gun store and see for yourself.


The Benefits of Regular Target Shooting Practice

If you are a gun owner, you should make a habit of regularly practicing shooting your firearm. Even if you are not a gun owner yourself, going to the shooting range to fire a weapon can be a fun activity. Target shooting can involve going to a physical shooting range, or it can be more technological, such as using a virtual reality (VR) trainer. Either way, you get to blow off some steam, hone your marksmanship, and reap the many benefits of practicing your shooting.

Here are just a few of the advantages you receive from regular practice at a physical or VR gun range:

Self-Defense Skills

There are many reasons why you might decide to own a gun. One of the most common reasons is to defend yourself and your family in emergencies. Although you might not want to think about the worst-case scenario, you should prepare for what you would do if you ever needed to use your firearm in self-defense.

Target shooting is one way to prepare for a situation where you might need to use your weapon. Shooting at a physical gun range can help with your aim and shooting skills. However, an even better way to hone your self-defense skills is with a VR simulator. This gives you target shooting practice while acting out real-life scenarios. At The Hub we utilize the MILO Range tactical simulator. This system lets you improve your target shooting and your tactical abilities.

Physical and Mental Health

Shooting sports have many health benefits. When you shoot a firearm at a physical gun range, you improve your core strength, stamina, and arm strength. Keeping yourself steady while firing a weapon works various muscle groups. You also improve your hand-eye coordination, whether you use physical target shooting or a VR simulator.

Shooting ranges are also helpful for your mental health. When you practice target shooting regularly, you can have peace of mind knowing you are prepared to protect yourself and your family, reducing your stress as a result. Target shooting can also help you blow off steam and relax, which is beneficial for your overall health.

Fun Activity

Besides the practical benefits of target shooting, it is also a fun activity. If you are a gun enthusiast, it can be very exciting to try out a new weapon at the shooting range. Going to the gun range can be a great activity to do to reduce stress and have a good time.

If you opt to use a VR range, such as The Hub’s MILO Range tactical simulator, you can also have a fun time with your friends. Our MILO system allows up to four people to experience target shooting together in a safe environment. You can get your friends together and shoot zombies, or work through tactical scenarios as a team.

The Hub, Arizona Gun Store

Target Shooting

Here at The Hub, you can reap the benefits of target shooting by using our MILO simulator. If you prefer a physical gun range, we also have a shooting range coming soon to our Tucson location.

The Hub caters to all gun-related needs: concealed carry weapon (CCW) classes, tactical training, and purchasing new firearms. Visit us today and see for yourself.

How To Get an Arizona CCW Permit

The State of Arizona respects the right for people to bear arms. At 18 years of age, anyone who legally possesses a firearm may open carry and at 21 you can conceal carry. Although you can carry a concealed weapon without a permit in AZ, there are many reasons to get an Arizona CCW (Concealed Carry Weapon). These include reciprocity in 37 other states, the ability to conceal carry in more locations, and additional legal protection if you ever need to you use your weapon for self-defense.

If you want to earn your CCW permit, these are the steps to take:

Meet the Arizona CCW Requirements:

Before you can become a CCW permit holder, you must meet certain requirementsunder Arizona law. These include:

  • Residency. You must be a legal resident of Arizona or a citizen of the US.
  • Age. You must be either over 21 years of age or over 19 with proof of military service.
  • Criminal Record. You may not have any indictments or convictions for felony offenses.
  • Mental Health. You must not have any mental health conditions that caused you to be either deemed mentally incompetent by the state or committed to a mental health institution.

Take a CCW Class

If you meet the preliminary requirements, your next step to earning an Arizona CCW is to take a firearm safety class, pursuant to ARS (Arizona Revised Statutes) 13-3112.

At The Hub, we offer training that fulfills the Arizona CCW requirements. These four-hour classes cover laws and firearm safety. In order to take our class, you must be able to load and unload your firearm and have basic shooting skills. However, if you are a complete beginner, we offer 101 classes that will teach you the basics of operating a gun.

Final Steps and Arizona CCW Renewal

Once you complete your CCW class at The Hub, we will help you send your fingerprints, background check, and CCW application to the State of Arizona. After this, the state will issue your CCW permit. Your Arizona CCW is good for five years before you will need to renew it. However, if you want to get the most out of your gun ownership and have peace of mind that you can protect yourself and your family, we recommend continued firearm practice. At The Hub, you can make use of our MILO Range in order to keep up your tactical gun skills.

Earn Your Arizona CCW With The Hub

High-Quality Arizona CCW Classes

The Hub is your one-stop shop for all of your gun-related needs. You can take beginner firearm classes or earn your CCW. You can also hone your skills on our MILO Range. If you need a new gun or need an affordable gun to start your collection, The Hub’s gun store has you covered.

Contact us today to schedule a class or come visit us and browse our huge selection of high-quality firearms.

What Sets The Hub Apart from Other Gun Stores

There are many gun stores in Arizona and it can be difficult to figure out which store has exactly what you need. This is especially true if you are searching for hard-to-find parts or a rare gun that no one seems to have in stock. If you are looking for a gun shop in Arizona, look no further than The Hub. We offer a wide selection of rifles, shotguns, pistols, and more. You can even buy a gun online through The Hub’s online store. If you visit our Tucson or Lakeside location, you will find that we offer more than your typical gun dealer.

Here are some of the things that set The Hub apart from other gun stores:

From Affordable to High-End

At The Hub, we cater to everyone, from seasoned gun enthusiasts to first-time firearm owners. Our gun stores have experts on staff to help you find the weapon that fits your needs. Whatever level of experience you have buying guns, our knowledgeable staff will give you the information you need to make an informed decision.

If you need an affordably priced gun to protect yourself and your family, The Hub has a wide selection. You can browse our collection online to see what firearms we have available. If you are a collector looking to purchase a high-end gun, The Hub can help you as well. Let our experts know what you need and we will be happy to recommend the right gun for you. We also do custom builds, so if we don’t have exactly what you are looking for, we can probably have it made for you.

Hard-to-Find Guns and Gun Parts

Certain guns and gun parts are hard to find at traditional gun stores. This is especially true of items controlled by the NFA (National Firearms Act). This US law regulates the sale of certain firearms and firearm accessories. These regulations include silencers/suppressors, short-barreled shotguns (SBSs), short-barreled rifles (SBRs), and machine guns.

At The Hub, we specialize in NFA-controlled items because we know that many collectors seek out these guns and accessories for their collection. We also carry AR- 15s and AR-15 parts in our gun stores. If you’ve been searching all over for that one hard-to-find gun or part, visit The Hub! If we don’t have what you need in stock, we will work with you to find out how we can get you the item you need.

Visit The Hub

We Are More Than Just a Gun Store

When you visit The Hub, you can do more than just purchase a weapon. You can take a CCW (Concealed Carry Weapon) class to earn your Arizona permit. You can also train on our MILO Tactical Trainer, which uses virtual reality (VR) technology to help you improve your firearm skills. Our Lakeside location has a physical shooting range and our Tucson location has a range that is coming soon. We also offer a pawn shop for you to sell old guns and other valuables.

Come visit us and see for yourself what sets our gun stores apart from the competition.

Essential Gun Safety Rules

The right to possess a firearm comes with important responsibilities. Following gun safety rules is essential any time you use your weapon whether this is at the range, while hunting, or for self-defense. There are four universal rules that originate from Jeff Cooper, a United States Marine who founded the American Pistol Institute (API) and created the modern technique of handgun shooting. In addition to these, there are many other rules that are also important to be aware of when handling a firearm.

Here are some of the most essential gun safety rules:

The Four Universal Rules of Gun Safety

All guns are always loaded

Assume that a firearm is loaded at all times, even if you are pretty sure it isn’t. The goal is to practice good habits whether a gun is loaded or not so it becomes second nature. It’s also important to keep in mind that people can be forgetful and it’s better to be safe in case a gun you thought was unloaded really isn’t.

Never let the muzzle cover anything you are not willing to destroy

Muzzle awareness is a must while handling a gun. You should always keep your gun pointed in a safe direction. This includes the basic principle of not pointing the gun at yourself or others. Additionally, following this rule means you need to consider whether or not a bullet is likely to ricochet off a surface. New shooters may make the mistake of accidentally pointing the muzzle at their own arm or hand while drawing a gun from a holster, so this is another factor to be aware of.

Keep your finger off the trigger till your sights are on the target

Your finger can move unconsciously if you are startled, so it is essential to keep your finger straight and off the trigger until you are ready to shoot. This is trigger discipline and is an important habit to develop from the start of your training. Many media depictions of firearm use show individuals failing to follow this rule, so first-time gun owners are sometimes unaware of its importance.

Identify your target, and what is behind it

You should know what you are shooting before you put your finger on the trigger and make sure that this is in fact your intended target. In addition, you need to know what is behind your target in case you miss or if the bullet passes through and continues its trajectory.

Additional Gun Safety Rules

Store Your Firearms Properly

Make sure that unauthorized persons do not have easy access to your firearms. A gun safe is a great way to accomplish this.

Use the Correct Ammunition

Using the wrong ammunition for your gun can damage the weapon and put you in danger.

Wear Eye and Ear Protection

The sound of a gunshot is loud enough to cause immediate and irreversible damage to your ears and eye protection prevents powder or ejected cartridges from hitting your eyes.

Know Your Weapon

Read your gun’s owner’s manual and make sure you fully understand how it operates. You should also practice with it regularly at the shooting range.

Consider Training

Researching gun safety is a great place to start, but working with a professional can be even more effective. Consider taking a concealed carry weapon (CCW) class or completing another form of firearms training to develop your skills and learn more about safety.

Your One-Stop Gun Shop

The Hub is your source for all things firearms-related, including gun safety resources. You can earn your CCW, get one-on-one handgun training, or practice your skills at our virtual or physical shooting ranges.

Take one of our classes to learn more about gun safety rules.

Your Guide to Concealed Carry Methods

Concealed carry gives you the ability to protect yourself in the worst-case scenario. In Arizona, you don’t need a license to do this, but getting your concealed carry weapon (CCW) permit is beneficial for reciprocity purposes and for the extra training it gives you. If you are planning to carry your weapon, it’s important to do some research into the different concealed carry methods and to practice for each type you will use.

Some of the most popular ways to conceal a firearm include:

Off-Body Carry

Most concealed carry methods involve having the firearm on your body and hidden under clothing. However, you also carry your weapon in a purse, fanny pack, briefcase, or another type of bag. You should always have a holster inside of the bag so the gun’s trigger is covered and to prevent the weapon from shifting. Off-body carry, also called OBC, does present some risks because a criminal could grab your bag with your gun inside it. It is also not a good fit for anyone who is forgetful and might leave their bag somewhere, and it can be difficult to draw your firearm quickly with this method. That being said, there are some situations when OBC could be helpful, such as if your outfit cannot effectively conceal a weapon.

On-Body Carry


One of the most popular concealed carry methods is using an inside-the-waistband (IWB) holster. A clip attaches the holster to your belt. IWB works well even with lighter clothing, which makes it great for hot Tucson summers. It’s also easy to get access to your gun quickly. The main downside of IWB carry is that the gun is pressing against your body, which can be uncomfortable at first.


Carrying with an outside-the-waistband (OWB) holster is typically going to be more comfortable than IWB, but it is also easier to spot. You will need to adjust your clothing accordingly. Depending on the size of the gun, your body type, and other factors, this may be as simple as choosing a long shirt or a jacket to hide the gun.

Pocket Carry

You may be able to fit a compact gun in a pocket holster. It’s especially important that this holster be high-quality and your firearm should never be loose in your pocket. This can be a difficult position to draw from safely, so you need to make sure you practice this technique. Trigger discipline is especially important with this style holster although it is an essential skill needed when drawing from any position.

Shoulder Holster

A shoulder holster is an option if having your gun on your waist isn’t comfortable or otherwise doesn’t work for you. For larger firearms, this might be a better choice than IWB or OWB. With this type of concealed carry you will need to wear a jacket, and you will need to be mindful of where the gun is pointing while it is holstered.

Belly Band

A belly band holster is an elastic band around your waist with pockets to fit your firearm. Women can also consider corset holsters, which are a variation of this concealed carry method. This style is a good choice for outfits where other holsters are too obvious and since the gun is pressed closely against your body, it is going to be well concealed. However, these can be more difficult to access quickly and the area under the holster can be sweaty and uncomfortable.

Ankle Holster

A gun in an ankle holster is difficult to get to quickly and this can also interfere with your ability to run away or otherwise maneuver around while reaching for your firearm. It takes a lot of practice to get used to drawing from an ankle holster. However, it can be a good option for a backup gun or if you spend most of your day sitting.

Bra Holster

Using a holster that attaches to your bra is an option for women and can be a helpful method for concealment if other options are obvious with the type of outfit you are wearing. The downside is that there can be safety issues with this carry method, so you need to make sure you are informed about these and practice drawing safety.

Hone Your Skills at The Hub

No matter what type of holster you use, training is essential to get the practice you need to quickly draw your weapon and fire accurately. We offer a variety of training options to help you hone your skills including one-on-one instruction and larger classes.

Visit one of our two Arizona gun stores today to learn more.

Tips for Improving Trigger Pull Technique

Trigger control is one of the fundamental skills required for accurate shooting. Even if you aim perfectly, you are going to compromise your accuracy if your trigger pull is inconsistent. The good news is that proper trigger control is relatively simple in theory, although it does take regular practice to perfect.

Here are some tips for improving your skills:

Know How to Squeeze the Trigger Properly

Before you can start improving your trigger pull technique, you need to know how what correct trigger control looks like. When you place your finger on the trigger, it should fall in the middle of the fleshy part of your index finger, between the last knuckle and the tip of your finger.

The act of “pulling” the trigger is less of a “pull” and more of a squeezing motion. You should apply pressure with your index finger and keep the rest of your fingers and your hand steady. Learning how to isolate your trigger finger can be tricky, but practice makes perfect. Continue to squeeze until the trigger breaks, which is the point where the weapon fires, and then keep squeezing until the trigger stops moving. It is important to keep in mind that the trigger break and trigger stop can vary depending on the model of the gun. One popular saying is that when you are squeezing the trigger properly, it should almost be a surprise when the gun actually fires. This is because the goal is to not flinch in anticipation or stop squeezing and remove your finger right at the point where the gun fires.

Practice Consistently

Like any skill, proper firearm handling requires effort to develop and maintain. Going to the range infrequently probably won’t be enough to keep your skills sharp. However, the cost of ammunition and the time commitment to get to the range make it difficult to shoot every day. Luckily, you don’t need to actually fire your weapon to practice your trigger pull. Dry fire is incredibly useful to accommodate daily practice into your schedule without using ammo. Make sure your gun is unloaded and complete a set number of trigger pull drills each day. 50 is often a good target, although you can lower or raise this depending on how much time you have. One great drill to try if you tend to jerk the gun while firing is to place a coin on the front sights. This should not fall off and if it does, you need to work on controlling your trigger squeeze and not flinching.

Work on Your Grip As Well

Your trigger pull technique is strongly related to your grip. If you are holding the firearm correctly, you are more likely to keep your aim consistent even if you slightly jerk the trigger. Likewise, if your grip is not strong, you aren’t going to be able to keep your sights on the target even with a perfect trigger squeeze. A proper grip also allows you to place your index finger on the trigger at the correct point.

Consider Training

Reading about how to use your gun and practicing at home with dry fire or at the range can be very helpful. However, it’s easy to develop bad habits if you don’t have an expert pointing out when you make mistakes. Whether you are a new shooter or are more experienced, anyone can benefit from the help of a professional.

Gun Training at The Hub

The Hub offers one-on-one firearms training as well as group classes to help you improve your skills. We also have shooting ranges at both of our stores and a MILO virtual range in Tucson.

Visit us online or at either of our two gun stores to learn more about our handgun training.

The Different Shotgun Types

Shotguns are a popular choice when looking at firearms. While the first ancestor of today’s shotgun was developed over 450 years ago, the first recorded use of the term “shotgun” was in Kentucky in a James Fenimore Cooper publication called Frontier Language of the West. It was this 1776 publication that first recognized the advancement in technology which changed firearm action and barrel designs and separated shotguns from the rifled musket.

What is a Shotgun?

In basic terms, a shotgun is a firearm that is usually fired from the shoulder and that has one or more long barrels. They generally have a smooth bore which reduces friction, and they fire a shotgun shell that is filled with a single projectile or ball shot.

The bore of a shotgun is made for only one specific gauge of ammunition, but ammunition manufacturers offer many different load choices. Most of these loads fire multiple projectiles, like pellets, which increases your chance at hitting your target. When fired from the shotgun these pellets spread out in a cone.

What are the Different Shotgun Gauges?

There are many different common shotgun gauges. The most popular include, 10 gauge, 12 gauge, 16 gauge, 20 gauge, and 28 gauge. The smaller the gauge number the larger the bore is.

To determine the gauge, the inside bore or barrel of the shotgun is measured. Once they determine the diameter of the bore, they see how many same sized solid lead balls it takes to weigh one pound. So a 10-gauge shotgun would take 10 lead balls of the same size as the inside of the barrel to reach a weight of one pound.

Shotgun Actions

Besides gauges, the mechanism a shotgun uses to fire (the action) is another thing that sets different varieties apart. There are many types of shotgun actions. The action of a shotgun is the part of the gun that loads, fires, and ejects a cartridge.

Popular shotgun actions include:


A semi-automatic shotgun uses a spring-operated mechanism that automatically cycles through cartridges in one of two ways, either through a gas system like the AR-15 or through inertia using the recoil. Semi-auto shotguns typically can hold three to nine shells, but you can also get extenders to hold 12 or more. Semi-automatic shotguns are becoming popular for skeet and target shooting, as well as hunting.

Break-Action or Single-Shot

The single-shot break-action shotgun has been overshadowed in popularity by the pump-action shotgun, but it remains a great choice for first-time shotgun users. It is simple in design, affordable, and easy to operate, yet is still powerful enough to use for hunting small game. The barrel is set on a hinge so that when a release is pressed, the stock drops downward. When it is “broken” down it opens the receiver to enable loading or unloading of the shells. In some models you have to cock the hammer manually to fire a round.


This shotgun holds one shell and uses a bolt to cycle the ammunition from the magazine to the chamber. These shotguns usually feature a rifled barrel and are known for their outstanding accuracy. They are used as slug guns, which shoot a solid projectile and are most popular in “shotgun only” hunting grounds, where high-powered rifles are prohibited.


A pump-action shotgun is easy to use and requires little skill to hit your mark because of its wide shot pattern. It works by having the user manually slide the fore-end, where you cock the gun, which uses a spring-operated mechanism to simultaneously eject a spent cartridge and load a fresh one. It is a good choice for home defense and most can hold three to eight shells, and even more with a magazine extender.


You cannot talk about shotguns without mentioning the iconic lever-action shotgun. The lever of this firearm is typically located on the underside, around the trigger. When pushed down, it opens the action of the gun to eject spent cases and load new ones. The famous Winchester 1873 lever-action rifle, popularly known as “the gun that won the West,” contributed greatly to this shotgun’s design and the first lever-action shotgun was released in 1887. Today’s lever-action shotguns are mostly used as hunting guns.

Side-by-Side or Double-Barrel

Double-barrel shotguns have two barrels and almost always are break-action. These rifles come in two configurations: side-by-side where the barrels are on either side, and over-under, where the barrels are on top of each other. These guns are popularly used for target and skeet shooting, as well as hunting, especially bird hunting.

Shotgun Types at The Hub

At The Hub, you can find a wide selection of shotguns as well as other firearms and accessories.

Visit us in Lakeside, Tucson, or online to shop our collection of shotguns and shotgun accessories.

Myths and Facts About Suppressors

Suppressors are one of the most frequently misunderstood gun accessories. These devices muffle the sound associated with firing a gun by slowing the release of the gases that propel the bullet forward. Rings inside the tube act like a car muffler, slowing and cooling the gases which creates a softer sound when fired. Due to the depiction of suppressors in popular culture, there are many misconceptions about them.

Here some common myths about suppressors and the truth behind them:

Suppressors and Silencers are the Same Thing


While some will argue that a silencer is for reducing sound, and a suppressor is for reducing muzzle flash, today the words are used interchangeably. Technically however, the legal term according to the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF) is silencer, and the word suppressor does not appear in any US firearm law. On the other hand, many gun experts avoid using the term “silencer” because it can be misleading, and causes many people to mistakenly believe the accessory will make a gun completely silent. For our article, we will use the term suppressor.

Suppressors Make a Gun Silent


While exact noise levels of a suppressed firearm vary with caliber, type of firearm, ammunition, and other factors, suppressors do not make a firearm completely silent. A typical rifle shot is about 160 decibels and a suppressor usually reduces the sound of the retort by about 30 to 40 decibels. This means that even though a suppressor will prevent damage to your ears to a certain extent, it is still a good idea to use ear protection, especially for extended shooting sessions or when shooting indoors.

Suppressors are Illegal


One myth that hangs around is that suppressors are illegal. At a federal level, they are legal, but there are currently 8 states that restrict them. They are also some of the most highly regulated gun accessories in the US under the National Firearms Act (NFA). Because of this law, the gun owner must apply for a license from the ATF and obtain a $200 tax stamp in order to purchase a suppressor.

If You Own a Suppressor, the ATF Can Enter Your Home


If you purchase a suppressor, you have the same rights you had before you got it.The same laws would apply to search and seizure as guaranteed by the 4th Amendment. Both local and federal government officials would need probable cause to obtain a warrant to enter your home.

Suppressors Reduce the Velocity of the Bullet


A suppressor does not interact with the bullet at all. These accessories actually increase the muzzle length, which in turns gives the gasses more time to expand. This actually increases the bullet’s velocity slightly because of the increased pressure.

Suppressors Hurt the Accuracy of the Firearm


Again, a suppressor does not come into contact with the bullet. It only suppresses the gasses and therefore cannot interfere with the accuracy of the gun. New gun owners, however, may be more accurate when firing a weapon with a suppressor. This is because instead of worrying about the loud noise the gun will make, they can concentrate on recoil management and trigger control.

Buy Suppressors at The Hub

Our expert team is experienced in NFA-controlled items. We carry suppressors, firearms, gun parts, accessories, and more at our Tucson and Lakeside locations.

If you have questions about any of our NFA products like our suppressors, contact us today.

How to Choose a Gun

If you are thinking about buying a gun, you should research as much as you can so you can make an informed decision. There are a lot of choices and this task can seem daunting, especially for first-time gun buyers. This article can help you start thinking about the basic factors to consider when choosing a gun.

What is the Gun’s Purpose?

One of the first things to determine is what you are going to be using your firearm for. Do you need something for home defense? Are you looking to do recreational or competition target shooting? Do you want to use your firearm for hunting? Answering these questions can help you narrow down the style of gun you are looking for.

Caliber and Recoil

Once you have determined what you want to use your gun for, you can start looking at the details. Caliber is a good place to start. In basic terms, caliber is the diameter of the bore (barrel) of the firearm and determines what size bullet that it fires. A gun that has a .22” diameter bore will fire a .22 caliber bullet. The higher the diameter of the bore, the larger caliber it can fire. The larger muzzle increases muzzle velocity and stopping power. A higher caliber weapon also has to be loaded more frequently as the ammunition is larger and not as many cartridges will fit in a magazine.

If you own a gun and plan on using it, it is important that you are able to control it. Higher caliber weapons have stronger recoil or kickback. This kickback or backward movement of the gun happens when a bullet is fired and is caused by the momentum of the bullet leaving the firearm. The larger the bore of the gun, the faster the muzzle velocity, and the stronger you feel the recoil. Additionally, higher caliber guns are often larger in the hand. A smaller caliber gun is easier to control because it has less recoil but it also has less stopping power. Smaller guns are perfect for defensive situations and better for someone who has small hands.

Quality and Maintenance

Purchasing a high-quality firearm can save you trouble down the road. This doesn’t mean that you need the most expensive gun on the market, but you will want to look at manufacturers with a reputation of making accurate and dependable weapons. Your gun store is a great place to start when shopping for any type of handgun. Here you can try a variety of weapons in different price ranges and you have expert salespeople there to answer any questions you may have. Looking at reviews online from reputable websites can also help influence your decision. You want to select a gun that is accurate, reliable, and made from high-quality materials.

You should also consider maintenance when choosing the right gun. If you are looking for a gun with less to maintain then a revolver may be best for you as it has less moving parts than semi-automatic handguns. However, semi-autos can hold more ammunition and fire at a faster rate.

Get Help Choosing a Gun

Testing out different styles and calibers at a shooting range is highly recommended when choosing a handgun. At The Hub, you can try guns you are interested in at our indoor shooting range and get a discount if you choose to purchase after. Our gun professionals are happy to answer any of your questions.

Visit The Hub in Tucson, Lakeside, or online to browse our selection of firearms.