Essential Gun Safety Rules

The right to possess a firearm comes with important responsibilities. Following gun safety rules is essential any time you use your weapon whether this is at the range, while hunting, or for self-defense. There are four universal rules that originate from Jeff Cooper, a United States Marine who founded the American Pistol Institute (API) and created the modern technique of handgun shooting. In addition to these, there are many other rules that are also important to be aware of when handling a firearm.

Here are some of the most essential gun safety rules:

The Four Universal Rules of Gun Safety

All guns are always loaded

Assume that a firearm is loaded at all times, even if you are pretty sure it isn’t. The goal is to practice good habits whether a gun is loaded or not so it becomes second nature. It’s also important to keep in mind that people can be forgetful and it’s better to be safe in case a gun you thought was unloaded really isn’t.

Never let the muzzle cover anything you are not willing to destroy

Muzzle awareness is a must while handling a gun. You should always keep your gun pointed in a safe direction. This includes the basic principle of not pointing the gun at yourself or others. Additionally, following this rule means you need to consider whether or not a bullet is likely to ricochet off a surface. New shooters may make the mistake of accidentally pointing the muzzle at their own arm or hand while drawing a gun from a holster, so this is another factor to be aware of.

Keep your finger off the trigger till your sights are on the target

Your finger can move unconsciously if you are startled, so it is essential to keep your finger straight and off the trigger until you are ready to shoot. This is trigger discipline and is an important habit to develop from the start of your training. Many media depictions of firearm use show individuals failing to follow this rule, so first-time gun owners are sometimes unaware of its importance.

Identify your target, and what is behind it

You should know what you are shooting before you put your finger on the trigger and make sure that this is in fact your intended target. In addition, you need to know what is behind your target in case you miss or if the bullet passes through and continues its trajectory.

Additional Gun Safety Rules

Store Your Firearms Properly

Make sure that unauthorized persons do not have easy access to your firearms. A gun safe is a great way to accomplish this.

Use the Correct Ammunition

Using the wrong ammunition for your gun can damage the weapon and put you in danger.

Wear Eye and Ear Protection

The sound of a gunshot is loud enough to cause immediate and irreversible damage to your ears and eye protection prevents powder or ejected cartridges from hitting your eyes.

Know Your Weapon

Read your gun’s owner’s manual and make sure you fully understand how it operates. You should also practice with it regularly at the shooting range.

Consider Training

Researching gun safety is a great place to start, but working with a professional can be even more effective. Consider taking a concealed carry weapon (CCW) class or completing another form of firearms training to develop your skills and learn more about safety.

Your One-Stop Gun Shop

The Hub is your source for all things firearms-related, including gun safety resources. You can earn your CCW, get one-on-one handgun training, or practice your skills at our virtual or physical shooting ranges.

Take one of our classes to learn more about gun safety rules.

Full Metal Jacket vs Hollow-Point Bullets

There are many different types of ammunition and choosing the right kind is essential. In addition to ensuring they are the proper caliber, you will need to pick a type of bullet that fits your needs. This is usually either full metal jacket (also called FMJ) or hollow-point bullets. Both of these varieties of ammo are suited for different purposes. You should understand how they work and when to use them.

Bullet Basics

To understand the difference between full metal jacket and hollow-point bullets, you should first have a basic idea of how ammunition works. While you may hear people refer to the ammunition you load into a gun as “bullets,” the bullet is actually only one part of the ammo. The whole unit is called a cartridge.

The parts of a cartridge are:

  • Primer: This is a small piece of metal that a gun’s firing pin strikes. The impact creates a spark.
  • Gunpowder: After the firing pin strikes the primer, the resulting spark ignites the gunpowder. The gas produced by this explosion propels the bullet.
  • Bullet: The bullet is the portion that leaves the barrel of a gun and strikes the target.
  • Casing: The casing is the metal that encloses the whole cartridge. It is ejected from the firearm.

The size of the bullet determines the caliber and this is also the part that differs between FMJ and hollow-point ammunition.

FMJ Bullets

A full metal jacket bullet has a soft lead core with a shell around it that is made from a harder metal. This type of ammunition was invented in 1882 by Swiss Colonel Eduard Rubin to prevent the deformation of bullets during loading and shooting and reduce lead build-up in the barrel. FMJ ammunition is less expensive and you may not need to clean your gun as frequently when using it. However, since these bullets do not expand in soft tissue, they often pass right through their targets. This makes them a poor choice for self-defense because they have diminished stopping power. You also need to be aware of what is behind any target you shoot when using full metal jacket bullets.

Hollow-Point Bullets

Hollow-point ammunition has the tip of the bullet hollowed out. As a result, it will expand when it makes contact with a target. The metal mushrooms out and creates a larger wound cavity inside the target. This is more likely to stop an attacker in the case of self-defense or to take down an animal in the case of hunting. Unlike FMJ ammo, hollow-point bullets get stuck within soft tissue and are unlikely to cause damage by coming out the other side and striking an unintended target.

Which Type of Bullet Should You Use?

In general, we recommend using FMJ bullets for training only. The low cost of full metal jacket ammunition does make it a good choice for the shooting range. However, they are less effective for hunting or self-defense and introduce additional safety concerns if they move through your intended target. Hollow-point bullets are usually the best choice for these applications.

Firearm Training at The Hub

At The Hub, we offer private training and concealed carry weapon (CCW) classes where you can learn more about how to use your weapon. You can also purchase ammunition at either of our two Arizona gun stores or online. Our experts are happy to help if you have any questions about which type of bullet is best for your needs.

Visit us today to purchase FMJ or hollow-point bullets.

 

 

All About the MP5

The Heckler & Koch MP5, known as the Maschinenpistole 5 in German, is one of the most commonly used submachine guns in the World. There are more than 100 variations of this model, including fully-automatic and semi-automatic versions.

Learn more about the MP5:

Heckler & Koch

The history of Heckler & Koch began after World War II when the German town where the company is located (Oberndorf) was under French control. The town had a factory for Mauser, a German arms manufacturer. The French occupying forces destroyed the factory in 1948. Three former Mauser engineers (Edmund Heckler, Theodor Koch, and Alex Seidel) started Engineering Office Heckler & Co, a machine tool plant, in the vacant factory. They changed their name to Heckler & Koch in December 1949.

In 1956, the government of West Germany requested proposals for a new infantry rifle. In response, Heckler & Koch designed the G3 Battle Rifle, which was based on a rifle produced by the Spanish armaments manufacturer Centro de Estudios Tecnicos de Materiales Especiales (CETME). The G3 became the standard rifle of the Bundeswehr (German Federal Army) in 1959.

History of the MP5

After Hecker & Koch’s success in designing the G3 automatic rifle, they created a variety of different small arms based on this model starting in 1964. The MP5 was chambered for the 9x19mm Parabellum pistol cartridge and was originally called the HK54. In 1966, the German Federal Police adopted the firearm. Throughout the late 1960s and 1970s, Heckler & Koch continued to develop variations of this design for different uses.

The MP5 became widely known in 1980 due to its use by the British Special Air Service (SAS) during Operation Nimrod. This occurred after six terrorists stormed the Iranian Embassy in London and took 26 individuals hostage. The SAS raid, which lasted 17 minutes, was televised and viewed by millions of people in the United Kingdom. It became a defining moment in British history and brought increased attention to both the British SAS and the MP5.

In the United States, the MP5 was a mainstay of special weapons and tactics (SWAT) teams until the 1990s. At this point, many teams began to replace it with more modern 5.56 carbines. However, many police forces around the world still use the MP5.

MP5 Variants

There are many different versions of the MP5 design. One of the most well-known is the MP5K. The K stands for “kurz,” the German word for “short,” because the MP5K is a shortened, machine pistol variant of the MP5. It was designed for close-quarters combat, weighs approximately 4.4 pounds, and is 13 inches long.

Some other MP5 variants include:

  • MP5A1: This was the first model to have a slimline handguard and ring front sight. It does not have a buttstock.
  • MP5A2: This version has a fixed buttstock.
  • MP5SD: Heckler & Koch introduced the MP5SD in 1974. It has a built-in suppressor and the Green Berets used this weapon during the Vietnam War.
  • HK94: This was the original American import of the MP5. It was designed for civilian use and had an SF (safe/semi-automatic) trigger group.

Fire an Automatic Gun at The Hub

At The Hub, you can shoot a fully-automatic Heckler & Koch machine gun in a safe environment. The experience of shooting a full-auto firearm is unforgettable.

Visit our shooting range today to fire an automatic firearm.

Why Firearms Training is Helpful

Whether you are a new gun owner or an experienced shooter, firearms training can be beneficial. During a training session, you will learn valuable skills that will improve your marksmanship and the handling of your weapon. This will be conducted under the supervision of an experienced instructor. The Hub in Tucson now offers Handgun 101 classes as well as Skill Builders. These are in addition to our concealed carry weapon (CCW) classes and our multiple firearms training courses that are available at our Lakeside location.

Here are some of the benefits of handgun training:

For Beginners

Supervised Hands-On Learning

Reading articles online and watching videos can help you get an idea of some basic shooting techniques. However, it’s difficult to learn effectively without an expert to guide you. During a training session, you get real-time feedback and tips for how to use your handgun.

Gun Safety

Safe handling is absolutely essential and working with an expert means you can be sure you are learning how to safely operate your weapon. Learning and following gun safety rules is an important step to being a responsible gun owner.

Build a Strong Foundation

Mastering the basics creates a strong foundation that will continue to benefit you. Every skill builds on what you’ve already learned. Taking a Handgun 101 class ensures that you are starting your journey as a gun owner with a solid grasp of the essential skills.

For Experienced Shooters

Tailored to You

The Hub’s handgun training sessions are one-on-one. This allows us to adapt the training to your skill level and move at your pace. Our tips and exercises are based on your specific goals so you get the maximum benefit.

Develop Valuable Skills

We can cover a variety of topics in our Skill Builders.

These include:

  • Pistol-mounted optics
  • Concealed carry and drawing from a holster
  • Advanced pistol manipulation
  • One hand and off hand training

Tests and Drills

Once you have worked on developing a skill, we can help you evaluate your performance with tests and drills. These can cover reloading, shooting, and other aspects of using your handgun and can be based on time or score. After you complete the drill, we will give you some tips on how you can improve.

Handgun Training at The Hub

If you are ready to take your skills to the next level, The Hub can help. Our Handgun 101 classes and Skill Builders are both one-on-one and can be scheduled any time the store and range are open, depending on instructor availability. Since you work directly with the instructor, you can move at your own pace and won’t be slowed down to accommodate anyone else. All of our focus and attention is on you during these sessions. Whether you are training for self-defense or hunting, our training teaches you the skills you need.

To schedule firearms training, contact us today.

How Night Vision for Scopes Works

Scopes are an important firearm accessory for hunters and additional features can help you get the most benefit out of your optics. Night vision for scopes is one example. This technology allows you to see more clearly in low light conditions and is essential for night hunting.

Here is how night vision works:

Traditional Optoelectronic Image Enhancement

Older scopes use optoelectronic image enhancement and the technology in newer night vision scopes is also based on this traditional method.

The way it works is that light enters the scope through the objective lens. This captures both visible light and infrared light (which you cannot see with the naked eye). The light then enters an image-intensifier tube, which creates a vacuum using electricity. The first part of the image-intensifier tube converts photons (particles of light) into electrons (small charged particles). These then move to the microchannel plate (MCP). This is a glass disk with a large number of tiny holes. When the electrons pass through these holes, they multiply and increase the electric signal. The electrons then hit a phosphor-coated screen that lights up where the electrons hit it. This creates a green image that you can view through the scope’s ocular lens.

The image is green because when the photons are converted into electrons, it is impossible to preserve the color. Manufacturers of night vision scopes chose to make the image green instead of another color or black and white because our eyes are more sensitive to green light. Green images are also easier to look at for long periods of time without straining your eyes.

Digital Night Vision Scopes

Traditional night vision scopes can be heavy and bulky. Although they use similar principles to optoelectronic image enhancement, digital scopes use digitization instead of multiple lenses to amplify light. This allows them to be smaller and lighter.

Like with a traditional scope, light first enters a digital night vision scope through the objective lens. A complementary metal-oxide semiconductor (CMOS) sensor, which is the same type of sensor a digital camera uses, converts the light into a digital signal. The scope then magnifies this image several times and enhances it electronically. Finally, the image is transported to a screen in the scope for viewing. Some models also let you connect, store, or stream the video for remote viewing using other devices.

Choosing the Right Night Vision Scope

If you want to hunt at night, the proper scope is essential. However, it can be difficult to find the best option for you when there are so many different varieties available. The same principles that help you choose any scope apply when choosing a scope with night vision. You should think about how you will actually use your optics and make sure that using the scope feels natural.

Night Vision Scopes at The Hub

You can browse our selection of night vision optics online or in either of our two physical Arizona gun stores. Our gun experts can help you determine which scopes fit your needs and we are happy to answer any questions you may have.

Visit The Hub today to purchase a night vision scope.

What is Grip Stippling?

There are many modifications that you can make to your firearm to customize the weapon for your needs. One example is grip stippling, which is the process of melting tiny holes into the polymer frame of your handgun. This creates more traction and allows for a more secure grip. Stippling used to be more common for competition firearms, but more and more gun owners are realizing its benefits.

More information about firearm stippling:

What to Know About Grip Stippling

If you are considering stippling your gun, you should be aware of the benefits and drawbacks.

Benefits

The major benefit of grip stippling is the improved traction it creates. The textured surface is easier to hold. In particular, this is useful if there is increased moisture due to weather conditions, natural oils from your skin, or sweaty palms. If you are using your gun for home defense, stippling can be helpful to make sure you can keep a firm grip on your firearm even in a stressful situation. Stippling also allows for better recoil management and can improve accuracy. This makes it a common modification for competitive shooters.

Potential Drawbacks

Before you stipple your firearm, you should make sure it is the best option for your needs. We recommend only stippling a gun if you plan to keep it, as this modification can reduce the resale value of your weapon. Stippling can also void your warranty depending on the manufacturer, so make sure your gun is working as it should before you make this alteration. If you don’t want to stipple your gun but still want a more textured grip, there are less permanent options such as TALON Grips.

How to Stipple Your Handgun

DIY Grip Stippling

It is possible to stipple your handgun’s grip at home, although you should be extremely careful as melting too deep can damage your firearm. Attention to detail is essential so you do not ruin the appearance of the gun or even break it completely.

Make sure to work in a well-ventilated area to avoid inhaling any fumes. To stipple your gun you will need a soldering iron. If you also want to remove finger grooves from the grip, you will need a Dremel tool. After using the Dremel to make any modifications you would like, you can press the soldering iron into the polymer to create a small hole. Doing this softly results in smaller holes whereas pressing down longer creates a deeper impression.

Professional Stippling

If you don’t want to risk damaging your firearm or go through the hassle of stippling your gun, a professional stipple job can create a more aesthetically-pleasing grip while reducing the risk of damage.

Stippling at The Hub

If you are interested in a stippled grip, The Hub offers packages as well as other options to customize your weapon. If you prefer, you can also purchase TALON Grips or other accessories that add texture without permanently modifying your firearm.

To learn more about grip stippling, contact us today.

Types of Rifle Scopes

Choosing a firearm is an important decision, but the accessories you use with your gun can make a big difference. Optics, such as rifle scopes, can help you shoot more accurately. There are many options to choose from and it can be overwhelming to consider all the choices. This is especially true if you are a first-time gun owner. At The Hub, it is our goal to help you find the best firearms and accessories. Whether you have something specific in mind or need some guidance, our experts are happy to assist you.

Here are some options for rifle scopes: 

Magnification

Magnification is the degree to which a scope makes targets appear larger. The notation for this is fairly straightforward: a 3X scope makes what you are looking at three times larger, a 9X variety will make it nine times larger, et cetera.

The amount of magnification you need depends on how you plan to use your rifle. You need to make sure that you can see your intended target clearly. Too little magnification can make it difficult to determine where you are shooting and too much can prevent you from seeing everything around the target. Between 1X and 4X works well for target shooting up to 100 yards, small game, or home defense. 5X to 8X are suited for large game hunting, target shooting up to 200 yards, or hunting in an enclosed landscape such as the mountains or forest. Finally, scopes between 9X and 12X are best for target shooting beyond 200 yards or hunting in an open landscape like the desert or a field.

Fixed vs. Variable Magnification Scopes

Some rifle scopes are fixed, meaning they only have one possible magnification setting. Others are variable magnification and you can set a different level depending on your needs. You will see this written as a range, e.g. 3-6X for a scope that can be 3X, 4X, 5X, or 6X.

The benefit of a fixed scope is that you can aim and shoot more quickly. These also tend to be less expensive. However, you can only shoot from one specific range, so it may not be the best choice if you know you will need to change magnification. In general, you should choose a variable scope if you know you will be hunting from a variety of distances. A fixed scope is usually suitable for home defense.

Objective Lens Diameter

The objective lens is the portion at the end of the scope. Its diameter is listed in millimeters (mm). The bigger the diameter, the clearer and brighter the image will be. However, a bigger objective lens also makes the scope heavier and can reflect sunlight and give away your position if you are hunting.

An objective lens under 28 mm is best if your firearm has little recoil, you are hunting at a closer range, or you are using a lower magnification. An objective lens between 30 and 44 mm is suited if your gun has more recoil, you are hunting in low light conditions, or you are using a higher magnification. You should consider a lens over 50 mm if you are using a higher magnification scope in low light or if you are hunting at an extremely long range.

Scope Reticles

The reticle is the crosshairs you see when looking through a scope. There are three common types and each one has different benefits. We recommend trying them out and choosing the one that works best for you. The most important thing is that shooting and aiming should feel natural.

Duplex scope crosshairs

Duplex

This is the default variety for reticles and is the best choice if you are new to scopes. It works well for hunting and target shooting.

A mil-dot scope reticle

Mil-Dot

This type of crosshairs estimates a target’s distance. It is mainly used by the military, law enforcement, and security. However, it may be helpful for hunting purposes if you are shooting from a long distance.

A BDC reticle

BDC

A ballistic drop compensating (BDC) reticle uses lines or dots to mark the expected drop of a bullet at different ranges. This is an especially good choice for long-distance shooters, although once you learn how to use it, it can be beneficial for all purposes.

Choosing the Right Scope

These are just a few of the different choices you can make when choosing a scope and there are also additional features like night vision, strobe lights, and more. We carry a wide variety of options and can help you find the right scope for you.

For help choosing a scope, visit either of our Arizona gun stores or contact us for more information.

What You Need to Know About the NFA

The National Firearms Act (NFA) was enacted in 1934. This was the first piece of federal gun control legislation in the United States. During this time the nation was in the middle of the Great Depression. Newspapers figured out that readers were weary of stories about the economy and wanted a distraction. There was a rise in stories about gangsters, bank robbers, and bootleggers. This popularized individuals like Bonnie and Clyde and John Dillinger.

Journalists shared these stories and the rise of images, both still and moving, gave the public with the diversion they were looking for. However, the economic hardships and incidents like the St. Valentine’s Day Massacre, strings of bank robberies, and police shootouts also fueled public outrage against uncontrolled gun ownership. This prompted the federal government to change gun laws.

What is the NFA?

To satisfy public outcry towards violent offenses and to reassure the general public, Congress passed the NFA. This legislation put a $200 excise tax on certain types of firearms and firearm accessories. It also required registration and other paperwork. In 1934, this excise tax was outrageous, and very few average citizens could afford it. While the act did not outright ban gun ownership, it did apply stringent rules to owning certain classes of weapons as well as regulating and taxing manufacturers and importers. These classes are machine guns, short-barreled rifles, short-barreled shotguns, silencers/suppressors, destructive devices, and a broad category for “any other weapon.”

Machine Guns

The Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms (ATF) defines machine guns as firearms that fire more than one round per pull of the trigger. This definition includes burst fire weapons and any device that can convert a semi-automatic gun to fully-automatic. Some semi-automatic open-bolt weapons are also regulated under this rule if they were produced after 1982.

Short-Barreled Rifles

This part of the legislation regulates rifles that have barrels shorter than 16 inches. A rifle must fire a projectile through a rifled barrel and also use a stock. This legislation does not mention any other configuration besides barrel length and a stock, so it is possible to own rifle caliber pistols.

Short-Barreled Shotguns

Instead of having a rifled barrel, shotguns have a smooth bore, a stock, and fire shot. In the United States, shotguns must have a barrel at least 18 inches in length. Anything less is a short-barreled shotgun. Some shotguns are also destructive devices. Examples include the Street Sweeper and SPAS-12.

Silencers

Silencers, also called suppressors, are treated as NFA-controlled firearms even though they are not actual guns. This definition includes any device that reduces the explosive noise of a gun and can be readily attached to it.

Destructive Devices

Destructive devices (DDs) are a broad category that includes any weapon with a bore over .50 inches, unless it has a generally recognized sporting purpose. DDs also include explosives, mortars, missiles, poison gases, grenade launchers, and other destructive elements. If a shotgun has no sporting purpose, then it can be a DD.

Any Other Weapon

Any other weapon is another large category of all sorts of interesting weaponry. This includes 12-gauge firearms with a length of less than 26 inches, cane guns, some pen guns and disguised firearms, and guns with forward grips.

How does the NFA apply to you?

The NFA still impacts gun owners today. The $200 tax stamp and transfer taxes still apply as does the burdensome paperwork and regulations. This law was also modified in 1986 under the Hughes Amendment of the Firearm Owners Protection Act. This amendment made it so no more machine guns could be added to the registry. It is very important that before you purchase an NFA-controlled item, you know your state’s laws. Some states regulate or outright prohibit NFA items.

The NFA and The Hub

Let The Hub help you with what you need to know about the NFA. Our experienced staff specializes in NFA-controlled items. We carry a wide variety of guns, parts, and accessories that range from affordable guns for first-time owners to high-end, hard-to-find items for seasoned enthusiasts.

If you have further questions about the NFA or any other firearms, contact us today.

Choosing a Gun for Home Defense

Although you may not want to think about the worst-case scenario, it is important to be prepared in the event you need to protect yourself and your family. Choosing a gun for home defense can be difficult, especially if you have not shopped for firearms before. At The Hub, our experts are happy to help you find what you are looking for and answer any questions you may have.

Here are some things to consider:

The Type of Gun

There are many different types of guns and in most cases, which you choose usually has more to do with personal preferences than any one being the “best” choice. Each firearm has its benefits. Some people prefer shotguns because they have more firepower. Others choose handguns since they are easier to handle while moving and can be fired with one hand if necessary. Rifles are also preferred by many because of their larger magazine capacity and increased range. If you are not sure which is right for you, you may want to try firing each type to see what feels more natural and is easier for you to manage. Many people buy one of each so they have the perfect weapon for any situation, so this is also an option.

Caliber

Once you decide which type of gun you would like, you will have different options for the caliber. This is the size of the barrel and the ammunition (ammo) that the weapon fires. As a general rule, the greater the caliber, the more stopping power the firearm has. However, this also increases the recoil, so if you are a less experienced shooter, a smaller caliber may be a good option to start with. In most cases, .380 Automatic Colt Pistol (ACP) ammo or larger is recommended for self-defense.

Your Environment

When buying a gun, it is also important to consider your specific environment and situation. There is no one-size-fits-all solution and the best way to make sure your new firearm is right for you is to imagine how you would use it in an emergency. You should be realistic and consider all the variables. For example, you will need to consider the possibility of shooting through walls if you live in an apartment. This may mean that a lower caliber weapon is a better choice. If you are in a rural area, you may need a rifle with a longer range. Beyond the actual gun you buy, you should have a plan in place in case you need it to defend yourself and your family. This can help you make more informed decisions about the firearm you purchase.

Firearm Training

Don’t make the mistake of thinking that getting a gun and forgetting about it is an effective way to prepare for an emergency. Training and practice are essential for multiple reasons. As a gun owner, you are responsible for anything that happens with your firearm. This means you should know how to assess a situation quickly to make decisions regarding when to fire. You also need to know how to shoot accurately and be aware of your entire environment to ensure you only hit the intended target.

Our MILO Range is an excellent tool for improving your tactical judgement with real-world scenarios, whereas our physical gun range allows you to practice actually firing your weapon. Taking a concealed carry weapon (CCW) class is another way to develop your skills and is helpful even if you plan to use your weapon primarily for home defense instead of concealed carry.

A Wide Selection of Guns to Fit Your Needs

At The Hub, we have a large variety of firearms for everything from home defense to hunting. Whether you are a first-time buyer or an avid collector, our experts can help you find what you need. We also carry accessories that are beneficial for safe self-defense including gun safes and concealed carry holsters.

To find a gun for home defense or another purpose, visit The Hub today online or in store.

The Steps for Gun Cleaning

Gun cleaning is important to ensure your firearm continues to function properly. Residue from firing can build up over time and could lead to a dangerous malfunction. Cleaning and maintaining your gun regularly gives you peace of mind knowing the firearm is safe.

Here are the steps for cleaning your firearm:

Gather Gun Cleaning Supplies

Depending on your preference, you can either purchase a complete cleaning kit or buy the supplies separately. There may also be some items beyond the basics that you find helpful and the more you clean your gun, the more you will realize what works best for you.

You will need the following: 

  • Gun oil/lubricant
  • Liquid cleaning solvent
  • Bore cleaner brush
  • Nylon cleaning brush
  • Cleaning rod 
  • Cotton swabs
  • Patches and a patch holder
  • Polishing cloths 

Choose a Safe Working Area

You should work in an area that has good ventilation and lighting. Since you will be using various chemicals for cleaning, this should not be anywhere that you eat. The products may also have a strong smell, so you should be aware of this when choosing a location to clean your gun. If you have an outdoor space or an open garage where you can work, this is ideal, but a large room with a nearby open window is also an option.

Unload Your Firearm

Remove all ammunition from the area that you are working in and then unload your gun. Check to make sure there is no round ready to fire, that the magazine is removed, and that the barrel is clear. Double checking that your weapon is unloaded before cleaning is an essential safety step.

Read Your Gun’s Owner’s Manual

The owner’s manual for your gun will give detailed instructions for cleaning. It is important that you follow recommendations for your specific model to stay safe and avoid damaging the firearm.

Disassemble the Weapon if Necessary

Your owner’s manual will tell you how much to take the gun apart during cleaning. In general, you will strip semi-automatic pistols or rifles into their basic components. These are the barrel, slide, guide rod, frame, and magazine. Revolvers and shotguns do not usually need to be taken apart and you will simply open the chamber for cleaning.

Clean and Lubricate the Bore

To clean the inside of the gun’s barrel (bore), attach a patch holder to your cleaning rod. You should then place the patch in the holder and soak it with your solvent. Run it through the barrel, starting at the back if possible. Always remove the patch after you run it through and wipe down the cleaning rod and patch holder. Then, attach the bore brush to the rod and run this through the barrel as well. This loosens any debris. Switch between patches and the brush until a patch comes through clean. After this, run one dry patch through to ensure it is completely clear.

After cleaning the bore, you should lubricate your firearm using your preferred gun oil. To do this, add a few drops of the oil to a patch and run this through the barrel. This should leave a light coating.

Clean and Lubricate the Action

Coat your gun brush with the cleaning solvent and clean every part of the action. Next, dry it off with a cloth. Finally, add a small amount of gun oil to the moving parts. Using too much can gum up the action, especially if you leave the gun in storage after cleaning, so do not use too much.

Polish the Rest of the Gun

Use a polishing cloth to clean the rest of the gun. This will remove fingerprints, debris, and will restore shine to the firearm to keep it looking its best.

How Often Should You Clean Your Gun?

It is best to clean your gun after every time you shoot it. Some people clean less frequently, but regular cleaning is a great way to ensure there is not too much carbon build-up. If you are going to store your firearm, you should make sure that it is cleaned at least once a year. During the gun cleaning process, check for rust or cracks and if you notice any damage, take the weapon to a gunsmith.

Everything You Need for Gun Ownership

The Hub is your one-stop gun shop and you can find firearms, parts, accessories, and equipment. You can buy cleaning supplies including kits and individual items from The Hub online or by visiting either of our Arizona gun stores. To hear some of our recommendations for the best gun cleaning products, you can check out Episode 266 of our Get on Target podcast.

Visit us today to purchase gun cleaning products and more.